Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. Q & R

Don Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, (May? - Lima, Peru) 1743-1794 (26 Mar.), Spanish-Peruvian explorer who mapped with his British friend, George Vancouver, part of British Columbian coast, first during the expedition with the frigate "Santiago" commanded by Bruno Hezeta, and the schooner "Sonora" with Bodega y Quadra as captain in 1775 and later during the two frigate ("Princesa" & "Favorita") expedition commanded by Ignacio de Arteaga in 1779 in order to capture the presumed intruder Captain Cook and to explore the northern reaches of Spanish territory. Quadra was first Commandant of the marine establishment at San Blas in 1791, then Governor of Nootka [Moelleria quadrae Dall, 1897, Odostomia quadrae Dall & Bartsch, 1910, Macoma quadrana Dall, 1916].

The copepod name Indomyzon quasimi Ummerkutty, 1966 is likely honouring Dr. Padma Bhustan Syed Zahoor Quasim, (31 Dec. - Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh) 1926-, who has worked on plankton and foraminifera and in 1981 was the leader of the first Indian expedition to Antarctica with the ship "Polar Circle".

The amphipod genus Quasimodia Sheard, 1936 belong in a family of very humpy species, so it is likely named not for a living person, but for the character Quasimodo, from Victor Hugo's novel "Notre-Dame de Paris", maybe experienced by most persons via the classical movie.

Prof. Dr. Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Bréau, (10 Feb. Berthézène, Gard) 1810-1892 (12 Jan. - Paris), French physician, later professor of antropology in Paris and zoologist, who became well-known when he defined the tasks of the science of antropology, but he was also for a long time the leading polychaete specialist in France. He had studied to become a M.D and D. Sc. in Strasbourg, removing to Toulose, but already in 1839 he settled in Paris, finding a patron and friend in H. Milne Edwards (q.v.). He is also well-known for his scepticism to Darwinism,. However, this scepticism was not founded on religious reasons, because Q. early gave up his childhood's protestantism for deism and later in life became practically agnostic [Carinoma armandi (M'Intosh, 1875), Orbinia armandi (M'Intosh, 1910), Leanira quatrefagesi Kinberg, 1855, Oriopsis armandi (Claparède,1864), Armandia Filippi, 1861, Tetrastemma quatrefagesi (Bürger, 1904), Facelina quatrefagesi Vayssière, 1888, Melinna armandi M'Intosh, 1885].

Daniel (Dan) Branch Quayle (U.K), 1913-1993 (19 Oct., Nanaimo, British Columbia), marine zoologist and authority in the field of molluscan biology and bivalve culture. At least the following marine taxa were named after him: the bivalve Lyonsiella quaylei F.R. Bernard, 1969 and the Hermit crab Pagurus quaylei Hart, 1971. The specific name quaylei has been given to numerous other living and fossil taxa. The extinct Malacostraca Goniocypoda quaylei Crane, 1981, was named after the fossil collector W.J. Quayle, Southampton. The terrestrial plant Senecio quaylei Barkley, 2000 was named after Jeff Quayle of Forth Worth, who had discovered it. The marine bacterium Methylophilus quaylei Doronina et al., 2005 was named after the British biochemist Prof. Dr. John Rodney Quayle, (18 Nov. - Mold, North Wales) 1927-2006 (26 Feb.),. But what about the Mosquito Aedes quaylei Dyar & Knab, 1906; the Wasp Homalotylus quaylei Timberlake, 1919; the marine mollusk Simnia quaylei H.N. Lowe, 1935 (likely a tribute to Ernest H. Quayle, 18??-19?? (was called the late in 1944), who published on "Fossil corals of the genus Tubniolia ..." in 1932 and was a long-time assistant to Ernst Mayr (q.v.)); the Stony coral Cyathoceras quaylei Durham, 1947 (possibly also a tribute to Ernest H. Quayle); the NW Pacific Bryozoa Fenestrulina quaylei Powell, 1967; the fossil primate Nannopithex quaylei Hooker, 1986; the Amphipod Parametaphoxus quaylei Jarrett & Bousfield, 1994 and others? (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided most of this information).

Dr. Edwin John Quekett, (Sep. - Langport, Somerset) 1808-1847 (29 June, diphteria), English botanist [Ostreobium queketti Bornet & Flahault, 1889], brother of Dr. John Thomas Quekett, (11 Aug. - Langport, Somerset) 1815-1861 (20 Aug. - Pangbourne, Berkshire), (the youngest of 4 brothers) were among the founders of the Microscopical Society in London together with e.g. Bowerbank (q.v.). A microscopical club for amateurs and beginners, founded 1865 and still in action, is named the "Quekett Club" after these brothers [Natica queketti Sowerby, Festilyria queketti (E. A. Smith, 1901), Haliotis queketti E. A. Smith, 1910, Glycymeris quecketti Sowerby]. Their eldest brother William Queckett, (3 Oct. - Langport) 1802-1888 (20 Mar.), was rector of Warrington, Lancashire.

Prof. Dr. August Vilhelm Quennerstedt, (3 July - Rydaholms socken, Jönköpings län) 1837-1926, zoologist at the Univ. of Lund, Sweden. PhD in 1862, Professor between 1880-1903, and rector magnificus between 1895-99. He mainly published on ciliates and on bird muscels, but he was also historically interested and published (mainly after his retirement) outlines of the Swedish king Charles XII and diaries of warriors from the time of this king. He had taken part in O. Torell's and A.E. Nordenskiöld's expediotion to Spitsbergen in 1858 and made later (1863) a trip to Jan Mayen[Chilodochona qvennerstedti Wallengren, 1895].

The Tübingen geologist / palaeontologist, Prof. Dr. Friedrich August von Quenstedt, (9 July - Eisleben) 1809-1889 (21 Dec. - Tübingen), must be the person honoured in the Pacific brachiopod name Valdiviathyris quenstedti Heimcke, 1940.

Dr. Hamilton Ernest Quick, (13 Nov. - Sydney, Australia) 1882-1967 (23 May - Reading), British surgeon and malacologist.

Ben Quilling, 19??-, amateur shell collector. The marine bivalve Jouannetia (Pholadopsis) quillingi Turner, 1955 was named after him. He had collected part of the type material. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Dr. James F. Quinn jr., 19??-, of the State of Florida Dep. of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, has published on malacology [Seguenzia quinni McLean, 1985]. A person by this name later became professor at Univ. of California, Davis, - likely the same person.

James Bradley Quintard, (31 Oct. - Norwalk, CT) 1839-1899 (17 Dec. - Silver Lake, Kansas), US Malacologist, mainly interested in limnic animals. (David Hollombe kindly provided full first names instead of initials and corrected dates).

Lacking information about Quirihora in the gastropod name Bursa quirihorai Beu, 1987.

Quoy : (see Gaimard).

Prof. Zdzislaw Raabe (19 Oct. - Krakow) 1909-1972 (12 Feb. - Warshaw), Polish zoologist, is honoured in the ciliate genus name Raabella Chatton & Lwoff, 1950 and in the rhynchodidan name Hypocomella raabei Chatton & Lwoff, 1950 & in Conchophthirus raabei Kahl, 1935. [Prorodon raabei Czapik, 1965 - kindly added by Prof. A. Gaevskaya, Sevastopol]. Raabe's father Ass. Prof. Albert Henryk Raabe, (17 Nov. - Warshaw) 1882-1951 (28 Jan. - Lublin), was also a biologist, who i.a. visited Monaco several times and became a friend of Oxner (q.v.), i.a bescribing the fish parasiting alga Leucosphaera oxneri Raabe, 1944.

Prof. Dr. Étienne Antoine Prosper Jules Rabaud, (12 Sep. - Saint-Affrique) 1868-1956 (3 Sep. - Villemade) is honoured in the ciliate name Uronema rabaudi Cépède, 1910.

The larval trematode name Cercaria rabbi Dunagan, 1957 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Edward Layne Rabb, (Jan. - Sweet Home, Lavaca County) 1916-1958 (26 Aug. (by brain tumour)), physiology professor at Baylor University. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Gottlob Ludwig Rabenhorst, (22 Mar. - Treuenbrietzen) 1806-1881 (24 Apr. - Meissen), German pharmacist and cryptogam botanist in Leipzig, who e.g. founded the journal "Hedwigia" [Callithamnion rabenhorstii Crouan].

Charles Rabot, (26 June - Nevers) 1856-1944 (1 Feb.), French explorer, geographer, ethnographer and alpinist, mainly in the far north; also wrote about whale fisheries. In 1892, he collected "entomostracans" on Jan Mayen and Spitzbergen for Jules Richard (q.v.), who, in 1897, named Eurytemora raboti "in memory of my excellent friend Mr. Ch. Rabot, well known for his explorations of the Arctic regions, and who discovered at Spitsbergen this very remarkable copepod". (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The amphipod name Ampithoe rachanoi Peart, 2002 is not named for a person, bot for Racha Noi island. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Tha amphipod name Wombalano rachayai Myers, 2002 is not named for a person, but a type locality. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Lucius Racilius, Roman "tribune of the people" 56 B.C., Cicero's friend, who had sided with Caesar in the civil war and was executed after a conspiration against the governor of the Spanish province of the Roman empire, where he served 48 B.C. [Racilius Paulson, 1875].

Rackett : (see Maton).

Prof. Dr. Emile Gustave Racovit¸a˘ or Racovitza, (15 Nov. - Ias¸i) 1868-1947 (19 Nov. - Cluj), Romanian zoologist from a Moldavian family very interested in music and poetry, who early stressed the importance of geographical isolation for speciation (as taxonomist mainly interested in isopods), working between 1890-1920 in France. He was also a Lamarckist, convinced that acquired characters became hereditary and that enviranmental contitions influence evolution [Hexadella racovitzai Topsent, 1896, Haliscera racovitzae (Maas, 1906), Tisbe racovitzai (Giesbrecht, 1902), Racovtzanus Giesbrecht, 1902, Eurydice racovitzai Bacescu, 1949, Parathelges racovitzai Codreanu, 1940]. Together with his collaborator Dr. René Gabriel Jeannel, (22 Mar. - Paris) 1879-1965 (20 Feb. - Paris), he founded the scientific branch biospeleology. Jeannel also made a collecting trip to oriental Africa together with Alluaud (q.v.) in 1911-12 [e.g. the fresh water harpacticoid name Parastenocaris jeanneli Chappuis, 1923 is honouring him].

Dr. Lewis Radcliffe, (2 Jan.) 1880-1950 (10 Sep.), Washington D.C., US naturalist (mainly ichthyologist) was onboard the Albatross 1907-08 during the first part of her Philippine cruise.

The gastropod name Cymatium raderi D'Attilio & Myers, 1984 "is named after my best friend Jack Rader, 1???-198? (was recently deceased in January 1984), Bradenton, Florida, who passed away several years ago. He brought this new shell to my attention and we bought as many as we could to compare a growth series with Cym. femorale He was persistent that this shell would be named. The first ones came out of Honduras, but later the really large ones were found to be living in Brazil. We couldn't believe that such a large shell could escape detection for so many years, but it did. — Bob Lipe" Another species - Oliva (Viduoliva) raderi Petuch & Sargent, 1986 - may likely be a tribute to the same person. (The malacologist William (Bill) L. Rader, Austin, Texas, - himself mainly collecting and publishing on Californian shells - kindly sent this information, found at the Conch-L of June 1998)

The Greenland diatom name Stauroneis radissonii Poulin & Cardinal, 1982, is perhaps not a tribute to a person's name, but to the crew of the Canadian ice breaker Pierre Esprit Radisson, which has been used i.a. as a sampling equipment for marine biological samples.

Dr. George Edward Radwin, (New York) 1940-1977 (30 Sep. - San Diego), malacologist at the Natural History Museum, San Diego. [Pterynotus radwini M. G. Harasewych & Jensen, 1979, Siphonochelus radwini W. K. Emerson & A. D' Attilio, 1970, Cotonopsis (Turrina) radwini Jung, 1989, Salitra radwini Marincovich, 1973].

Rafael : (see Muñiz Solis).

Prof. Federico Raffaele, (4 June - Napoli) 1862-1937 (3 Feb. - Roma), was an assistant at the Naples Zoological Station from 1886 to 1898. Afterward, he joined the faculty of the University of Palermo, although he often worked at the Naples laboratory. His research was mainly on fisheries, especially morphology and embryology of sharks. He was a defender of the Naples station during the hard and critical World War I era. He ended as professor at the University of Rome, still faithful to the Naples station. They named one of their research vessels after him. Raffaele also co-authored one paper about a commensal copepod. He is memorized in the polyclad name Cestoplana raffaelei (Ranzi, 1927) (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Fahmida Rafi, 19??-, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada, is a valviferan isopod specialist [likely Megamoera rafiae Jarrett & Bousfield, 1996].

Rafinesque-Schmaltz : (see Lesueur).

Dr. Dwi Listyo Rahayu, 19??-, Indonesian Inst. Sciences, Ambon, a specialist in taxonomy of hermit crabs, is honoured in the anomuran name Bathypaguropsis rahayuae McLaughlin, 1997.

Gilbert Franz Rahm, (21 Sep. - Bonn) 1885-1954 (14 Apr. - Newark, New Jersey), German priest and zoologist, born Franz but got the name Gilbert, when entering the Benedictiner Orden in 1908, is honoured in the nematode name Rahmium Andrássy, 1973. Rahm published on nematodes during the 1920s and 1930s, but also on i.a. Tardigrada.

François Raibaud, 1898-1961, French marine biologist.

The French parasitologist Prof. André Raibaut, 1935-, retired Director of the Station de Méditerranéenne de l'Environnement Littoral, Université Montpellier II, Sète, France, has mainly published on parasitical copepods, is honoured in the myxozoan name Myxobolus raibauti Fall, Kpatcha, Diebakate, Faye & Toguebaye, 1997, in the coccidean name Eimeria raibauti Daoudi, Radujkovic, Marques & Bouix, 1989 and in the monogenean name Protolamellodiscus raibauti Oliver & Radujkovic, 1987.

Lacking information about Raig in the bryozoan nam Parasmittina raigii (Audouin, 1826).

Dr. Igor Borissovitch Raikov, (30 Dec.) 1932-1998 (27 Oct.), protistologist (cilioprotist cytology, ciliate taxonomy, etc.) born in and active in Leningrad, where he achieved his PhD in 1959 and his D.Sc. in 1968, having been a student of first Dogiel (q.v.) and later Poljansky (q.v.). Both his parents (Dr. Boris E. Raikov and Antonina N. Raikova) were biologists. His wife Dr. Ekatherina V. Raikova is a cytologist and their only child Dr. Olga Igorevna Raikova (who thankfully has supplied some information about other Russian researchers in this list) is a senior research scientist at the Zoological Institute in St. Petersburg. One of I.B. Raikov's former students, Dr. Sergei O. Skarlato (see under Scarlato) has succeeded his teacher in several of his positions.

Prof. Louis-Joseph Alcide Railliet, (11 Mar. - La Neuville-lés-Wasigny) 1852-1930 (25 Dec.), French parasitologist, active in l'École d'Alfort, Paris.

The German protozoologist Heinrich Rainer, 19??-, is honoured in the heliozoan name Raineriophrys Mikrjukov, 2001.

Lucilina rainfordiana A.F.B. Hull, 1924 was named for E.H. Rainford, 18??-19??, Queensland naturalist who collected specimens. Rainford is also mentioned as a viticultural expert.

Mrs. H. Taylor Raines,1???–1965 (Fort Myers Beach, Florida, U.S.A.), amateur shell collector. The marine gastropod Conus rainesae McGinty, 1953 was named after her. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

The diatom name Navicula rajmundii Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to Dr. Rajmund Dubrawski, 19??-, Maritime institute (Instytut Morski) in Gdansk, Poland.

Lacking information about Rak in the copepod name Tigriopus raki Bradford, 1967.

Dr. John Ralfs, (13 Sep. - Millbrook, close to Southampton) 1807-1890 (14 July - Penzance, Cornwall), of Penzance, British physician (but gave early up this profession) and Algae researcher [Ralfsia Berkeley in Smith & Sowerby, 1843, Enteromorpha ralfsii Harvey, 1851, Halecania ralfsii (Salwey) M. Mayrhofer, Campylodiscus ralfsii W. Smith] (although Chapman & Chapman 1973 are claiming that Ralfsia is named for G. Ralfs, which is a spelling error for J. Ralfs).

Lacking information about Ralls in the brown algal name Hincksia rallsiae (Vickers) P.C. Silva in P.C. Silva, Meñez & R.L. Moe, 1987, but possibly a tribute to Dr. Katherine Ralls, 19??-, Smithsonian Natinal Zoological Park, Washington D.C.

Likely Leptopsyllus dubatyi Soyer, 1975 may be named for Captain Raymond Rallier du Baty, (18 Aug. - Lorient) 1881-1978 (7 May - Talant), who i.a. collected echinoderms for Koehler (q.v.) at Kerguelen during the 1910s and had been with Charcot on the "Français" in Antarctic waters in 1903-05. He and his brother Captain Henri Jules Marie Rallier du Baty, (8 Nov. - Morbihan, Lorient) 1879-1916 (21 Feb. - Paris, died from battle wounds in WWI), visited Kerguelen in 1908-09 in the ketch "J.B. Charcot". R. Rallier du Baty returned to Kerguelen in "La Curieuse" during autumn 1913 and spring 1914 making hydrographic and coastal surveyings of the island, which resulted in the first complete map of Kerguelen, published in 1922.

Patricia Marjorie Ralph, (5 Apr. - Wellington) 1920-1995 (23 Mar - Paraparaumu), hydroid researcher (also publishing on other coelenterates and on nudibranchs), working mainly in New Zealand waters, but also in some other places. In 1958-59, e.g., she was a fellow at the Plymouth Laboratory, where she i.a. cooperated with Rees (q.v.). She published around 30 papers, i.a. an article about Tetraralphia Pagès & Bouillon, 1997 (as Paragotoea) in 1959. She remained unmarried through life and was considered a very helpful person of high integrity and also retained her religious believe through life [Sphenotrochus ralphae Squires, 1964, Caryophyllia ralphae Cairns, 1995, Halecium ralphae Watson & Vervoort, 2001].

Giuseppe Ramazzotti, 1898-1986, Italian tardigrade researcher at the Institute of Hydrobiology in Pallanza [Tanarctus ramazzottii Renaud-Mornant, 1975, Ramazzottius Binda & Pilato, 1986].

The scleractinian name Acropora rambleri Bassett-Smith, 1890 may likely not be a tribute to a person's name, bit to HMS Rambler, on which ship Sir Percy William Bassett-Smith served as surgeon in 1884-85.

The Australian mollusk name Cantharidus ramburi H. Crosse, 1864 may possibly be a tribute to the French physician and entomologist Dr. Jules Pierre Rambur, (21 July - Chinon) 1801-1870 (10 Aug. - Geneva), studying insects in Andalusia and Corsica, but he likely also may have been a friend of Crosse.

Dr. Karl August Ramdohr, 17??-18??, German (Halle? or possibly Berlin? because he seem to have been a member of der Gesellschaft naturforschende Freunde zur Berlin, but other sources say that he was a physician in Beichlingen at Kölleda in Sachsen) physician and entomologist, who also published some helminth papers during the two first decades of the 19:.th century.

The actinian genus Ramirezia Zamponi, 1980 is honouring Dr. Fernando C. Ramírez, 19??-, a contemporary Argentine marine zoologist. (André Trombeta kindly provided this information).

Ramona : (see Ramona Kent).

Lacking information about Ramond in the amphipod name Amphithoe (Amphithoe) ramondi Audouin, 1821. Possibly it may have honoured Baron Louis François Elisabeth Ramond de Carbonnières, (4 Jan. - Strasbourg) 1755-1827 (14 May), who published on observations from travels in the Pyrenees.

Mrs. Dr. Marian Ramos, 19??-, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, director of "Fauna Iberica" [Dikoleps marianae Rubio, Dantart & Luque, 1998].

The fish name Patagonothen ramsayi (Regan, 1913) is a tribute to the chief engineer Allan George Ramsay, (Dundee) 1878- 1903 (6 Aug. - on board the Scotia), on board the Scotia expedition (1902-04), led by Commander William Spears Bruce (q.v.). Ramsay died during the trip and was buried on Laurie Island in the South Orkneys. The Australian museum curator Edward Pierson Ramsay, (3 Dec. - Dobroyd Estate, Long Cove, Sydney) 1842-1916 (16 Dec. - Sydney), who was mainly an ornithologist, but worked also much on ichthyology and on echinoderms may possibly be the honoured person in Condylactis ramsayi Haddon A. C. and Shackleton A. M., 1893 and likely also in the fish name Mola ramsayi (Giglioli, 1883). (Michèle Bruni, the oceanographic museum of Monaco, kindly provided the information about engeneer Ramsay)

Lacking information about Ramss, 19??-, in the ascidian name Didemnum ramssae J.A. Marks, 1996.

Dr. Paul Rancurel, 19??-, 0.R.S.T.O.M.-Nouméa and Marseille cephalopod worker, is honoured in the cephalopod name Onykia rancureli Okutani, 1981..

Mr. A.J. Randall, 1???-, found the gastropod Cymbiola randalli Stokes, 1961 at a Queensland reef.

Dr. John Witt Randall, (15 Nov. - Boston) 1813-1892 (25 Jan. - Roxbury, Mass.), physician in Boston, who also made some contributions to crustacean systematics. He was a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia from 1837 [Randallia Stimpson, 1857, Gonodactylaceus randalli (Manning 1978), possibly also Botryllophilus randalli Stock, 1970 may be honouring him]. Another Dr. John (normally called Jack) Ernest Randall, (22 May - Los Angeles) 1924-, worked as an ichthyologist at the ?Bishops Musum, Hawaii? He collected a specimen of Synodus randalli Cressey, 1981 and is likely the person honoured also in the fish name Psilogobius randalli (Goren & Karplus, 1983) and in the snapping shrimp name Alpheus randalli Banner, 1981. The Guam octocoral name Asterospicularia randalli Gawel, 1976, is more likely a tribute to Prof. Em. Richard (Dick) H. Randall, 19??-, who has worked on Guam corals.

Preston Brooks Randolph, (26 Aug. - Colorado) 1860-1939 (19 Oct. - Tukwila, King, Washington), US (residing in Tukwila, King, Washington) gardener and Malacologist, is honoured in the gastropod name Melanella randolphi Vanatta, 1899 and in the bivalve name Delectopecten randolphi (Dall, 1897).

The amphipod name Microprotopus raneyi Wigley, 1966 must be a tribute to Dr. Edward Cowden Raney, (23 May - Pittsburgh) 1909-1984 (20 Apr.), Cornell University,. Ithaca,. New York, who was a leading ichthyologist.

Paul Charles Léonard Alexandre (Sander) Rang des Adrets, (Utrecht) 1793-1844 (Mayotte), French marine officer, interpreter of Arabic texts, Gouverneur d'Alger (where he was a kind of harbour boss), later Gouverneur de Nossy Bé & Mayotte (1844), where he moved together with his wife, the painter artist Louise Rang, but he was also a naturalist and malacologist. In 1816 he was one of a few sailors who survived when la Méduse was wrecked. His wife remarried a banker in La Rochelle, Théophile Babut, in 1845, a year after her former husband had died from a fever. [Rangia Desmoulins, 1832, Holopus rangi d'Orbigny, 1837]. His lifespan is sometimes cites as 1784 1859, but this must be due to a mistake.

Ischnochiton ranjai Kaas, 1954 was named after Dr. A.R. Ranja, 1???-19??, Zoological. Survey Department, Karachi, who placed material at disposal of the author.

Lacking information about Ranjh in the Sri Lankesian polychaete name Sabellaria ranjhi Hasan 1960.

Dr. Brayton Howard Ransom, (24 Mar. - Missouri Valley, Iowa) 1879-1925 (17 Sep. - Washington, D.C.), US zoologist, government official and author, who published on cestodes [Paricterotaenia ransomi (Linton, 1927)].

Dr. Gilbert Ranson, (4 Sep.) 1899-1972 (19 Aug. - Paris), who had studied at Sorbonne, been a student of Louis Joubin (q.v.) and achieved his PhD in 1927, published on e.g. biology and culture of oysters and was co-editor (in 1945) of a report on medusae from Prince Albert Grimaldi's cruises [Paraphyllina ransoni Russell, 1956, Ransonia Kramp, 1947, Clibanarius ransoni Forest, 1953, Lobophytum ransoni Tixier-Durivault, 1957].

Camillo Ranzani, (22 June - Bologna) 1775-1841 (23 Apr. - Bologna), catholic priest and naturalist [Ranzania Nardo, 1840 Cymatium ranzani (Bianconi, 1850)]. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the exact dates and places).

Lacking information about Ranzi in the gastropod name Natica ranzii T. Kuroda, 1961.

Lacking information about Rao in the copepod name Allodiaptomus raoi Kiefer, 1936, but possibly a tribute to Prof. K. Hanumantha Rao, 1???-, who is honoured in the aspidogastrean name Lobatostoma hanumanthai Narasimhulu & Madhavi, 1980, or possibly a tribute to his countryman Prof. C.R. Narayan Rao, (15 Aug. - Coimbatore) 1882-1960 (2 Jan. - Bangalore), also he a zoologist.. (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly provided the connection between the last eponym and person).

Raoul : (see Serène).

The Easter Island cephalopod Octopus rapanui Voss, 1979 and in the decapod name Periclimenes rapanui Fransen, 1987 must not be named for a person but for the Island itself Rapa Nui.

Raphael : (see Ritson-Williams).

Dr. Hans Tore Rapp, 19??-, young Norwegian specialist on Porifera, especially Calcarea. He was active in Trondheim earlier, but moved to Bergen, where he is working now.

Professor Dr. Wilhelm Ludwig von Rapp, 1794-1868, Tübingen physician and naturalist, who had studied under Cuvier (q.v.) in Paris and shortly 1818-19 practised medicine in Stuttgart before moving to Tübingen and in 1827 described some anthobranchian nudibranchs. He later also e.g. published an anatomical work on whales.

Prof. Halvor Heyerdahl Rasch, (8 Jan. - Eidsberg) 1805-1883 (26 Aug.), Norwegian curator at the Zoological Museum, Kristiania (Oslo), professor of zoology at the university (succeeding Jens Rathke (see O.F. Müller)) there 1852-74 [Thysanoessa raschii (M. Sars, 1864), Brama raschi Esmark, 1862 (a synonym of Taractes asper Lowe, 1843), Trischizostoma raschii Boeck, 1871, Spatangus raschi Lovén, 1869].

The cowry name Blasicrura rashleighana (Melvill, 1888) is in honour of Jonathan Rashleigh Jr., (26 May) 1845-1872 (8 Dec.), British shell collector from Menabilly, Cornwall.

Dr. Erik Rasmussen, (29 Sep.) 1918-2005 (13 Feb.), Danish zoologist, who at mature age in 1963 published a giant PhD dissertation, based on decades of investigations in the small Isefjorden, a mainly land-locked , shallow sea area in S Kattegatt.

François-Vincent Raspail, (29 Jan. - Carpentras Vaucluse) 1794-1878 (7 Jan. - Arcueil (Seine)), French politician (militant republican) and scientist (self learned), particularly interested in histochemistry and physiology and became a hygiene prophet in France. He was one of the cell theory forerunners, but because of his free-thinking he was prisoned a few times and spent some time (1852-62) in exile. He became popular among the poor, as he preached a mixture of socialism and hygiene and today the longest boulevard in Paris is named for him. [Raspailia Agassiz, 1846 (emend. of Raspelia Nardo, 1833)].

Haacke mentioned in his description of some meduse from the St. Vincent Golf that "Ich benenne diese Art nach meinem Freunde Arthur Raston in Port Vincent, welcher meine zoologischen Zwecke stets in uneigennützigster Weise gefördert hat und mir auch sonst häufig behilflich gewesen ist" regarding the cubozoan name Carybdea rastoni Haacke, 1886. Mr. Raston was likely of a similar age as Haacke, who was born in 1855, so he may be identical with Arthur Llewellyn Raston, born 25 Oct. 1861 at Ballaarat East, Victoria, but married in Port Vincent in 1888.

Dr. Mary Jane Rathbun, (11 June - Buffalo, New York) 1860-1943 (14 Apr.), crustacean researcher at the U.S. National Museum of Natural History. She left a position as assistant curator at the Marine Invertebrate Division in 1914 and became an honorary associate, in order to create an opportunity to appoint her younger colleague Waldo L. Schmitt (q.v.) [Paromola rathbuni Porter Mosso, 1908, Hamatoscalpellum rathbunae (Pilsbry, 1907), Sacculina rathbunae Boschma, 1933, Thunor rathbunae Armstrong, 1949, Neocallichirus rathbunae (Schmitt, 1935), Maera rathbunae Pearse, 1908, Emerita rathbunae Schmitt, 1935, Lysmata rathbunae Chace, 1970, Callinectes rathbunae Contreras 1930, Candidiopotamon rathbunae De Man, 1914, Eriosachila rathbunae Maury, 1930, Palaeopinnixa rathbunae Schweitzer & Feldmann, 2000, Tritodynamia rathbunae Shen, 1932, Campylonotus rathbunae Schmitt, 1926, Synalphaeus rathbunae Coutiere, 1909, Rhynchocinetes rathbunae Okuno, 1996, Neocallichirus rathbunae (Schmitt, 1935), Callianassa rathbunae Schmitt, 1935, Periclimenes rathbunae Schmitt, 1924, Pinnixa rathbunae Sakai, 1934, Asterias rathbunae Brita(j)ev, 1989 (a species from Kamchatka), Lophaxius rathbunae Kensley, 1989, Petrolisthes rathbunae Schmitt, 1916, Pasiphaea rathbunae (Stebbing, 1914), Cyphocarcinus rathbunae Griffin & Tranter, 1986, Solenocera rathbunae Ramadan 1938, Alpheus rathbunae (Schmidt 1924), Xanthias rathbunae Takeda, 1976],. Her brother Dr. Richard Rathbun, (25 Jan. - Buffalo, NY) 1852-1918 (16 July), Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, collected some of the specimens, which she described. He had begun his career under Louis Agassiz (q.v.) , working on copepods, but became administrator for S.F. Baird (q.v.), in the Fish Commission as well as in the USNM and had to give up copepods, but passed the mantle to C.B. Wilson (q.v.), who dedicated his magnum opus on copepods from the Wood Hole area in 1932 to Richard as well as creating some taxon names to honour him: Lernanthropus rathbuni Wilson, 1922 & Rathbunula Wilson, 1932. Also Aphyocharax rathbuni Eigenmann and Ogle, 1907, Cocculina rathbuni Dall, 1882, Propebela rathbuni (Verrill, 1884), Turbonilla rathbuni Verrill & Smith, 1880, Acesta rathbuni (Bartsch, 1913), Ophiothrix rathbuni Ludwig, 1882, Paralithodes rathbuni (Benedict, 1894), Pagurus rathbuni (Benedict, 1892), Leptogorgia rathbunii Verrill, 1912 and Astrangia rathbuni Vaughan, 1906 is named for him.

Jens Rathke : (see O.F. Müller).

Prof. Dr. Martin Heinrich Rathke, (25 Aug. - Danzig) 1793-1860 (3 Sept. - Königsberg), studied in Göttingen under Blumenbach (q.v.), had a medical practice for some time in his home town, but was appointed professor of physiology in Dorpat in 1829, later moving to Königsberg, where he succeded the well-known Estonian embryologist Karl Ernst von Baer, (29 Feb. - Gut Piep, Estonia) 1792-1876 (28 Nov. - Dorpat (today's Tartu)), (the father of the biogenetic law), who in 1834 moved to St Petersburg (where he stayed the rest of his life). Rathke is well-known as an anatomist, embryologist and crustacean researcher but was generally interested in marine animals and eager to widen his knowledge. Rathke's Pouch, Pocket - a depression in the roof of the embryonic mouth in front of the bucco-pharyngeal membrane - is also named for him. Personally he is said to have been amiable and was generally liked by his colleagues and disciples [Rathkea Brandt, 1837, Diastylis rathkei (Krøyer, 1841), Ophelia rathkei M'Intosh, 1908].

Lacking information about Ratmanov in the isopod name Eurycope ratmanovi Gurjanova, 1946, but possibly not named directly for a person, but possibly for Ratmanov Island in the extreme Asiatic northeastern point of Russia, named after Lieutenant Makar Ivanovich Ratmanov, 1772-1833, who later became an admiral.

John Rattray, 1858-1900, B.Sc., F.R.S.E. Thomas Scott (q.v.), in his large 1894 "Report...of all the Entomostraca obtained in the tow-net gatherings collected by Mr. John Rattray, in the Gulf of Guinea, while engaged as naturalist on board the Telegraph Steamer 'Buccaneer', " left a memorial in the copepod Centraugaptilus rattrayi (T. Scott, 1894). The 'Buccaneer' was taking soundings preliminary to a submarine telegraph cable on the west coast of Africa (1885-1886) [Scina rattrayi Stebbing, 1895]. Frank Rattray Lillie, (27 June - Toronto) 1870-1947 (5 Nov. - Chicago), Canandian born US zoologist, who became the 2:nd director of Woods Hole in 1916, is a partial namesake.

Ravahiny, 1778-1808, queen of the Sakalava people. She reigned Boina at Majunga in Madagascar about 1800 [Ravahina Humes & Ho, 1968].

Lacking information about Ravan (or perhaps Ravana), 18??-19??, in the harpacticoid name Porcellidium ravanae Thompson & Scott, 1903.

Dr. Edmund Ravenel, (8 Dec. - Charleston) 1797-1871 (27 July - Charleston, after a fall from a staircase in his home), Physician, who published a catalogue of the S Carolina molluscs, is honoured in the gastropod name Mitrella raveneli (Dall, 1889), the sea urchin name Clypeaster (Orthanthus) ravenelli (A. Agassiz, 1869) A Agassiz, 1883 and in the bivalve name Pecten raveneli Dall, 1898.

The flatworm name Pseudoceros rawlinsonae Bolaños, Quiroga & Litvaitis, 2007 is in honor of Dr. Katharine Anne Rawlinson, 19??-, from Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Rawson in the crinoid name Democrinus rawsonii (Pourtalès, 1874), in the coral name Trochocyathus rawsonii De Pourtalès, 1874 and in the gastropod name Morula rawsoni J. C. Melvill, 1897. Likely, however, the honoured person would have been the Governor of Barbados during the period 1868-75, Sir Rawson [sic!] William Rawson, (late autumn - London) 1812-1899 (20 Nov.), who in the correspondence of L. Agassiz is mentioned as a natural history objects collector. During 1864-69, he also was British Administrator at the Bahamas. He was knighted in 1887. When he was born, his name was Rawson Adams, but Adams (his father's family name) was exchanged for his mother's family name Rawson in 1825.

John Ray (was initially named John Wray, but changed the spelling of the family name, when he became older), (29 Nov. - Black Notley, near Braintree) 1627-1705 (17 Jan.), a son of a blacksmith, British naturalist - known for having introduced the term "species" - honoured in the name of the Ray Society (see George Johnston) [Brama raji Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (a synonym of Brama brama (Bonnaterre, 1788))]. (More about Ray).

Jules Joseph Ray, (2 July - Troyes (Aube)) 1815-1883 (19 Dec. - Troyes (Aube)), zoologist, malacologist, naturalist, archaeologist, foundator of the MHN of Troyes. (Cédric Audibert, Muséum, CCEC, Lyon, kindly provided this information).

The isopod name Gnorimosphaeroma rayi Hoestlandt, 1969 - despite rayi and not rayae - is a tribute to Prof. Dr. Dixy Lee Ray, (3 Sep. - Tacoma) 1914-1994 (2 Jan. - Fox Island), Univ. of Washington, Seattle. Ray was marine biologist, director (from 1963) of Seattle's Pacific Science Center and chairman of US Atomic Energy Commission. Her original name was Maguerite Ray, but in 1930 she changed the first name to Dixy Lee - Dixy evolving from her nick name "the little dickens", meaning "small devil" and Lee after the family ancestor Robert E. Lee. She first was educated at Mills College, Oakland, then at Stanford, achieving her PhD in 1945 and moved to the Univ. of Washington, where she in 1947 became an assistant professor and ten yars later associate professor. Between 1976-80, she was a democrate Governor of Washington, but then retiered to her farm and animals on Fox Island. (The information about the connection between name and person was kindly provided by Prof. James (Jim) T. Carlton, Williams College, Williamstown, Mass., who informed that the author in a paper from 1966, where the name appeared as a nomen nudum, mentioned that he had named the species after Prof. Ray in gratitude.)

The gastropod name Strombus decorus raybaudii Nicolay & Manoja, 1983, the cone name Terebra raybaudii Aubry, 1993 and the cowry name Zoila marginata raybaudii Lorenz, 1992 are named for the Italian malacologist and shell dealer Dr. Luigi Gino Raybaudi Massilia, (3 Sep. - Roma) 1913-2003 (14 Dec. - Roma),. His wife Mariella Raybaudi, 19??-, is honoured in the cowry name Zoila mariellae Raybaudi, 1983, while his daughter Gabriella Raybaudi Massilia, (Roma (early in the 1950s)) 195?-, Italian shell dealer and Conidae expert is honoured in the Volutid name Lyria cloveriana gabryae Poppe, 1991 and in the cone name Conus gabrielae Rolán & Röckel, 2000.

Lacking information about Raymond, 19??-, in the bryozooan name Raymondia Soule D.F, Soule J.D. & H.W. Chaney, 1995. Possibly the name may honour Raymond Manning (q.v.), but of course o person working on Bryozoa may be more likely, e.g. Prof. Dr. Raymond Carroll Osburn, (4 Jan. - Licking County near Newark) 1872-1955 (9 Aug.), Ohio State Univ. bryozoologist.

The gastropod names Eulima raymondi Rivers, 1904 & Turbonilla raymondi Dall & Bartsch, 1909 and the polyplacophoran name Lepidochitona raymondi H. A. Pilsbry, 1894 are likely tributes to Prof. William James Raymond, (27 July - Utica, New York) 1865-1947 (27 Feb.), who i.a. published on Pleurotoma from California. Raymond was Prof. of physics at Univ. of California, but was also very interested in conchology.

Raymond in decapod crustacean names : (see also Manning).

Lacking information about Raynaud in the Indian Ocean gastropod name Natica raynaudiana Récluz, 1843.

The Italian educationalist, Prof. Giovanni Antonio Rayneri, (Carmagnola) 1810-1867 (Chieri), is possibly honoured in the digenean name Tetrochetus raynerii (Nardo, 1833).

Ray Roberts : (see Roberts).

The rotiferan name Synchaeta razelmi Rudescu, 1960 is likely not in honour of a person's name but alluding to the Razelm-Sinoe lacustrine complex in the Danube Delta.

Lacking information about Razvan, 19??-, in the Indonesian tanaid name Pagurapseudes razvani Gutu, 1997.

Lacking information about E.A. Rebains, 19??-, in the tanaid name Filitanais rebainsi Kudinova-Pasternak, 1975, the monoplacophoran name Neopilina (Lemchephyala) rebainsi Moskalev, Starobogatov & Filatova, 1983 and the fish name Diplophos rebainsi Krefft & Parin, 1972. Rebains published about deep sea trawlings during the 11:th cruise of R/V “Akademik Kurchatov” in 1974.

Prof. Hans Rebel, (2 Sep. - Hietzing) 1861-1940 (19 May - Wien), a well-known lepidopterologist (butterflies) at the Natural History Museum in Vienna, had the unusual distinction of having a marine parasitic copepod genus named for him, Rebelula Poche, 1902. Rebel, who initally had been a lawyer, published on the butterflies of Europe and the mammals of Austria. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly supplied this information).

Odontamblyopus rebecca Murdy & Shibukawa, 2003 is in honour of Rebecca S. Rootes, 19??-, the life partner and spouse of the first author Edward O. Murdy, Washington D.C. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

The Haptophyte (Prymnesiida) genus name Rebecca Green, in Edvardsen, Eikrem, Green, Andersen, Moon-van der Stay & Medlin, 2000 was named for the authors daughter Rebecca Jane Victoria Green, 19??-,.

Prof. Jacques Rebecq, 19??-, is honoured in the flatworm name Meiogymnophallus rebecqui (Bartoli, 1983). Rebecq published on Gymnophallidae in 1964.

Constant A. France Récluz, 1797?-1873, French malacologist [Recluzia Petit, 1853, Polinices reclusianus (Deshayes, 1839), Conus recluzianus Bernardi, 1853, Paramya recluzi A. Adams, 1864].

Dr. Heinrich Carl Redeke, (29 Aug. - Amsterdam) 1873-1945 (10 Apr. - Hilversum), succeded Hoek (q.v.) as director of the Dutch Zoologisch Station, Den Helder 1902-28, later working in Amsterdam. He defended his doctoral thesis in Amsterdam 8 March 1898. [Redekea de Vos, 1953, Boccardia redeki].

Colin Redfern, 1938-, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, interested in Marine Mollusks of the northern Bahamas, collected the type material of Macromphalina redferni Rolan & Rubio, 1998 [Sinezona redferni Rolan, 1996, Strictispira redferni Tippett, 2006]. His wife Janet May Redfern, 1949-, is honoured in Lodderena janetmayae Rubio, Rolan & Redfern, 1998. [Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly added one of the eponyms]

The Bahamian cephalopod name Abralia redfieldi Voss, 1955 may possibly, but not likely, be honouring the Marginellidae researcher John Howard Redfield, (10 July - Middletown, Conn.) 1815-1895 (27 Feb. - Philadelphia). Another possible candidate may be his grandson Alfred Clarence Redfield, (15 Nov. - Philadelphia) 1890-1983 (17 Mar. - Woods Hole, Mass.), who was president of the Ecological Society of America in 1945 and worked on ecology, tides and salt marshes. A portrait can be seen in (web page 65) Bermuda Biological Station for Research - 100 years. His great-grandfather William C. Redfield (John Howard's father) had in 1848 been elected the first president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Dr. Francesco Redi, (18 Feb. - Arezzo) 1626-1697 (1 Mar. - Pisa), Italian poet, court physician and zoologist in Florens, who showed that fly maggots did not develop by abiogenesis in rottening meat.

Lacking information about Reed in the ascidian name Polysyncraton reedi Monniot & Monniot, 1994.

The decapod name Heterocarpus reedi Bahamonde, 1955 is likely honouring Edwyn Cárlos Reed, (7 Nov. - Bristol, England) 1841-1910 (5 Nov.), Director of the Museo de Concepcion, Chile, who in 1897 made a catalogue of the fishes of Chile and continued during the first years of the 20:th century to publish on fishes.

The cowry name Erosaria gangranosa reentsii (Dunker, 1852) is in honour of G. Reents, 18??-1???, shell collector from Hamburg.

The Dutch histologist and teacher Prof. Dr. Jacob van Rees, (16 Apr. - Amsterdam) 1854-1928 (4 Jan. - Hilversum), PhD in Utrecht in 1878, who published on ciliates during the 1880s, is honoured in the ciliate names Dysteria reesi Kahl, 1931 and Lembus reesi Kahl, 1931. He was perhaps more known in his native country as a christian anarchist, anti-militarist and a spokesman for sobriety.

Dr. William James Rees, 1913-1967 (13 Oct., at age 54), British hydroid (and cephalopod) researcher at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.). Cercaria reesi Hutton, 1953 is possibly honouring him, because he had published on similar creatures in the beginning of his career, [Dipurena reesi Vannucci, 1956, Merga reesi Russell, 1956, Uroteuthis reesi (Voss, 1962), Sepiella reesi W. Adam, 1979, Sepia reesi Adam, 1979, Mycetophyllia reesi Wells, 1973, likely Pleurobranchus reesi White, 1952]. Another zoologist by the same family name during this period was Prof. Dr. Florence Gwendolen Rees, (3 July) 1906-1994 (4 Oct.), parasitologist at the Univ. College of Wales, Aberystwyth, a close colleague of Alan Stephenson (q.v.) and very interested in non vertebrate intermediate hosts of trematode and cestode parasites.

Lovell Augustus Reeve, (19 Apr.) 1814-1865 (18 Nov.), English shell collector and author about shells [Lepidozona reevei P. Kaas & R. A. Van Belle, 1987, Dentalium reevei Fischer 1871, Murex reevei E. Vokes, 1965, Enaeta reevei (Dall, 1907), Barbatia reeveana (d'Orbigny, 1846), Acrosterigma reeveanum Dunker, 1852, Austrocypraea reevei (Sowerby, 1832), Conus (Asprella) lovellreevei Raybaudi Massilia, 1993].

John Reeves, (1 May) 1774-1856 (22 Mar.), "Inspector of Tea" for the East India Company, living in China between 1812-31. He sent collected plants and animals to Britain and is honoured in the name of i.a. Gymnothorax reevesii.

The British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan, (1 Feb. - Sherborne, Dorset) 1878-1943 (13 Jan.), who worked as keeper at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.), is honoured in the fish names Cetostoma regani Zugmayer, 1914 and Callionymus regani Nakabo, 1979 - and at least 20 more fish names.

Franz Michael Regenfuss, (Nürnberg, baptized 28 Feb.) 1713-1780, German copper-plate printer in København (Copenhagen), who published some beautifully illustrated malacological papers (hand coloured by his wife) in 1748 and 1758 [Conus generalis Linnaeus, 1758 var. regenfussi Dautzenberg, 1937].

Regina honoured in the oligochaete name Inanidrilus reginae Erséus, 1990 was in 1985 when the material was collected, a nice black cooking lady in her 60:s at Carrie Bow Key, Belize.

The diatom name Fragilariopsis reginae-jahniae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Regine Jahn, 19??-, Freie-Universität, Berlin.

Karl Regius, 1884-1966, Austrian Malacologist.

Dr. Carolus Octavius van Regteren Altena, (19 Dec.) 1907-1976 (21 Dec.), Dutch entomologist, malacologist, palaeontologist and curator of Mollusca in the Rijksmus. Nat. Hist. Leiden [Nucula covra Bergmans, 1978 (acronym name), Altenaeum Spaink, 1971, Xylopholas altenai Turner, 1972].

Dr. Harald Alfred Rehder, (5 June - Jamaica Plain, Pacific Science Congress, Mass.) 1907-1996 (10 Nov.), US malacologist at the Smithsonian Institution, retired in 1976 after more tha 40 years of curatorship there [Mitra rehderi, Bursa rehderi,Turbo haraldi Roberstson, 1957, Parviturbo rehderi Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945, Cymatium testudinarum rehderi ?Verrill, 1950?, Cantharus rehderi Berry, 1962, Noumeaella rehderi Marcus, 1965, Scaphander watsoni rehderi Bullis, 1956]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the year of decease).

Lacking data about Dr. Johannes Reibisch, (Dresden) 1868-19?? (still living in 1931), German zoologist (fisheries biologist?), who i.a. published on phyllodocids and typhloscolecids from the German Plankton Expedition, on amphipods and in the beginning of the 1930s publishing on material budget in the sea together with Karl Brandt [Aspelta reibischi (Remane, 1929)].

The copepod name Brianola reichi (Por, 1964) is a tribute to Prof. Karl Reich, 19??-, head of the department of Invertebrate Zoology at the Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem.

Prof. Dr. Johann Eduard Reichenow, (7 July - Charlottenburg (Berlin)) 1883-1960 (23 Mar. - Wuppertal-Elberfeld), German parasitologist at the Tropeninstitut, Hamburg. [Reichenowella Kahl, 1932]. Another German zoologist Prof. Anton Reichenow, (1 Aug. - Charlottenburg) 1847-1941 (6 July - Hamburg), who was curator of the Ornithological Section of the Berlin Zoological Garden for 47 years and responsible for describing more than 950 bird species, was his father. (Leslie Reissner, Embassy of Canada, Berlin, Germany kindly added some of the information about A. Reichenow).

The diatom names Huttoniella reichardtii (Grunow) Hustedt and Fallacia reichardtii (Grunow in Van Heurck) Witkowski & al., 2000 must honour either Auguste Reichardt, 1???-, or Erwin Reichardt, 19??-, who both worked on algae, most likely the last of these persons, who has published much on diatoms.

Prof. Heinz Hermann Reichenbach-Klinke, (Fürstenwalde) 1914-1995 (12 July), German fish pathologist.

Dr. David G. Reid, 1958-, at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) is a specialist on Littorinidae, but is also interested in other molluscs.

Clement Reid, (6 Jan.) 1853-1916 (10 Dec. - Milford-on-Sea, Hampshire), British geologist, malacologist and polymath.

Douglas Miller Reid, 1897-1959, Scottish zoologist, retired in 1953, primarily working on amphipods [Melita reidi Hamond, 1965].

Emily Reid, 19??-, from the Dep. of Zoology, Univ. of California, Berkeley [Margovula emilyreidae Cate, 1973]. A Californian namesake is Joseph Lee Reid, (7 Feb. - Franklin, Texas) 1923-, at Scripps.

Prof. Robert G.B. Reid, 1939-, Univ. of Victoria, British Columbia, the independent discoverer of the gutless condition of the new species Solemya reidi Bernard, 1980.

The German collector and algologist Major Karl August Theodor Reinbold, (16 Sep. - Hannover) 1840-1918 (29 Mar. - Itzehoe), who after a military career worked in Kiel as botanist until 1894, later in Hamburg, is honoured in the brown algal names Ectocarpus reinboldii Reinke and Botrytella reinboldii (Reinke) Kornmann & Sahling, 1988 and in the red algal name Hydrolithon reinboldii (Weber van Bosse & Foslie) [Aphanocapsa reinboldii (Richt.) Komárek & Anagn.].

Prof. Johannes Christofer Hagemann Reinhardt, (19 Dec. - Rendalen parish, Norway) 1776-1845, Danish zoologist, who was born in S Norway, where his father was a priest (and his mother was from Norway). He had studied under Vahl (q.v.) and Cuvier (q.v.) and became the first professor of Zoology at the Univ. of København (Copenhagen) in 1813. His most essential publication dealt with Ichthyological contributions to the Greenlandic fauna (1838) and opposed the common opinion that this fauna was more related to the European than the American, and showed the opposite. When he died, Steenstrup became his successor as professor at the Zool. Museum (see Krøyer). [Reinhardtius Gill, 1861, Careproctus reinhardti Krøyer, 1862, Photis reinhardi Krøyer,1842, Proales reinhardti (Ehrenberg, 1834)]. His son Prof. Johan(nes) Theodor Reinhardt, (3 Dec.) 1816-1882 (23 Oct.), also became a zoologist and took part in the circumnavigation with the corvette "Galathea" in 1845-47 and made collection journeys to Brazil two times later. He published mainly on birds and vertebrates, e.g. in 1861 on whales together with Eschricht (q.v.) [Anguilla reinhardtii Steindachner, 1867, Hygophum reinhardtii (Lütken, 1892), Ochmacanthus reinhardtii (Steindachner, 1882), Liocranchia reinhardtii (Steenstrup, 1856)] {J.T. Reinhardt, another picture}.

Prof. Johannes Reinke, (3 Feb. - Ziethen bei Ratzeburg) 1849-1931, German botanist, from 1879 Prof. in Göttingen and from 1885 in Kiel, disciple of Pringsheim (q.v.) and pioneer of marine research in Kiel [Syncoryne reinkei R. Nielsen & P.M. Pedersen, 1977].

Paul Friedrich Reinsch, (21 Mar. - Kirchenlamitz im Fichtelgebirge) 1836-1914 (31 Jan. - Erlangen), German teacher and algologist.

Prof. Emeritus Donald J. (James?) Reish, 1924-, US marine biologist at the California State University, Long Beach, who have studied polychaetes and pollution [Terebellides reishi Williams, 1984, Maera reishi J.L. Barnard, 1979, Carazziella reishi (Woodwick, 1964), Syllides reishi Dorsey, 1978, Armatoplana reishi (Hyman, 1959)].

Prof. Dr. Erich Reisinger, (8 June - Graz) 1900-1978 (20 Aug. - Graz), Austrian platyhelminth specialist at the University of Graz, where he had received his PhD in 1922, then working in Köln, Germany from 1932 in Prof. Bresslau's deparment until 1943. In 1954 he was appointed Prof. at the Univ. of Graz. [Reisingeria Westblad, 1955, Gnosonesima reisingeri Karling, 1968, Praebursoplana reisingeri Ax, 1956, Symplocostoma reisingeri Ditlevsen, 1928, Ceratopera reisingeri (Riedl, 1959)].

Wilhelm Johann Reiss (or Reiß), (13 June - Mannheim) 1838-1908 (29 Sep. - Schloss Könitz bei Saalfeld), German geologist and natural history collector.

Prof. Henry M. Reiswig, (8 July) 1936-, is employed at the Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, and is primarily a Hexactinellida systematist, but he also maintains an interest in freshwater sponges [Epipolasis reiswigi Diaz et al., 1987, Verongula reiswigi Alcolado, 1987]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. Adolf Remane, (10 Aug. - Krotoschin) 1898-1976 (22 Dec.), after WWI becoming a disciple of of the morphologists Heider (q.v.) and Kükenthal (q.v.) in Berlin, ending up in 1921 with a PhD on Hominoids!. In 1923 he became Assistant at the Univ. of Kiel, where he changed scientific direction, discovering a rich fauna between sand grains in the Kiel Bay. He named this fauna "mesopsammon", but Molly F. Mare's (q.v.) name "meiofauna" is probably better known today. Later he became professor in Kiel, where he stayed for all his career, except for 1934-36, when he was at the University in Halle [Remanea Klie, 1929, Remanella Kahl, 1933, Remaneica Rhumbler, 1938, Remaniella Catalano, 1965, Remaneicaris Jakobi, 1972, Remaneicella Brönnimann, Zaninetti & Whittaker, 1983, Derocheilocaris remanei Delamare Deboutteville & Chappuis, 1951, Cicerina remanei Meixner, 1928, Cheliplana remanei (Meixner, 1928), Axiola remanei (Luther, 1955), Neocyclops remanei (Herbst, 1952), Robertgurneya remanei Klie, 1950, Cylindropsyllus remanei Kunz, 1949, Psammastacus remanei Noodt, 1964, Psammocythere remanei Klie, 1936, Coxicerberus remani (Chappuis, Delamare-Deboutteville & Paulian, 1956), Carinina remanei (Nawitzki, 1931), Halechiniscus remanei Schulz, 1955, Macrodasys remanei Boaden, 1963, Turbanella remanei Forneris, 1961, Encentrum remanei Voigt, 1957, Metachromadora (Metachromadoroides) remanei Gerlach, 1951, Tisbe remanei Volkmann, 1975, Klienychocamptoides remanei Noodt, 1958, Plagiostomum remanei E. Marcus 1954, Mesognatharia remanei Sterrer, 1966, Carinina remanei (Nawitzki, 1931), Rhinepera remanei Meixner, 1928, Lekanorhynchus remanei Meixner, 1938, Philinoglossa remanei Marcus & Marcus, 1958, Unela remanei Marcus, 1953, Condylostoma remanei Spiegel, 1928, Coleps remanei Kahl, 1933, Tracheloraphis remanei Dragesco, 1960] {another photo}.

The gastropod name Megasurcula remondii (Gabb, 1866), must be a tribute to the collector, the French geologist Auguste Rémond, 18??-1867 (June), who lived in San Francisco and collected much in W USA and Mexico and in 1863 published "Descriptions of two new Species of Bivalves from the Tertiaries of Contra Costa County".

Joop Rempe, 1945-1975, Dutch Malacologist.

Lacking information about Remy in the pauropod name Thalassopauropus remyi Bagnall, 1935, in the amphipod name Macarorchestia remyi (Schellenberg, 1950), in the isopod name Microcerberus remyi Chappuis, 1953 and in the collembol name Pseudachorutella remyi (Denis, 1933). The French botanical collector in South America Jules Ezechiel Rémy, 1826-1893, is likely not the honoured person, but more likely the French entomologist A. Paul Remy, (7 Nov. - Servance) 1885-1962 (24 Mar. - Servance), at least the pauropod name, because this group was his speciality.

The copepod name Asterocheres renaudi Canu, 1891 is "In memory of the gracious hospitality of M. (Mr.) Jules Renaud, Hydrographic Engineer of the Marine, who eagerly offered us every facility for our zoological research on board the "Ajax" under his direction in the Pas-de-Calais in July and August 1890". (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Dr. Jeanne Renaud-Mornant, 1925-, French meiofauna worker, who has been especially fond of tardigrades. She began her studies in Bordeaux, but after her PhD in Paris in 1961, she has worked in that city. During the late 1950s she presumably published under the name Renaud-Debyser [Renaudarctus Kristensen & Higgins, 1984, Thaumastoderma renaudae Kisielewski, 1988, Syringolaimus renaudae Gourbault & Vincx, 1985, Inanidrilus renaudae Erséus, 1985, Paracharon renaudae Coineau, 1968]. The flatworm name Bothriocephalus renaudii Ortega & Valero, 1989 and the copepod name Afrolaophonte renaudi (Chappuis & Delamare Deboutteville, 1956) are both, despite their masculine suffixes, also tributes to her (according to Dr. Nicole Gourbault, MNHN, Paris, who kindly provided some of the information about Dr. Renaud-Mornant).

Natica reneae Saunders, 1978 was honouring a "recently deceased aunt whose encouragement and financial assistance made certain of my researches possible".

Robert Rendall, (Glasgow) 1898-1967 (Kirkwall), who moved to Orkney with his parents in 1905, a Kirkwall, Orkney draper, amateur archaeologist, theologian and naturalist with a passion for the sea shore.

The marine gastropod name Alvania renei Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998 is named after René F. Hoenselaar, 19??-, son of the first author.

Professor Dr. Stefano Andrea Renier, (25 Jan. - Chioggia) 1759-1830 (6 Jan. - Padova), Italian physician and naturalist. Friend of e.g. Brocchi (q.v.), Olivi (q.v.) and Spallanzani (q.v.). In several of his papers he did not use binominal nomenclature. Between 1806-29 he was director of the Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia dell'Università di Padova [Reniera Nardo, 1847, Polycyclus renieri Lamarck, 1815, Abra alba renieri Lamarck, 1818].

Rennick : (see the Terra Nova expedition, 1910-).

Dr. Bernhard Carl Emmanuel Rensch, (21 Jan. - Thale) 1900-1990 (4 Apr.), achieved his PhD in Halle in 1922, joined the zoological museum in Berlin in 1925 (and simultaneously Ernst Mayr (q.v.) was employed there and they became friends and Rencsch's thoughts about speciation influenced his friend). He participated in an expedition to the lesser Sunda Islands in 1927. In 1937 he was forced to leave the position in Berlin (because he refused to join the nazi party) and took a position at the zoological garden in Münster (where he later became head - Professor - of the zoological Institute; German evolutionist (and a good artist as well), honoured in the cephalopod name Abralia renschi Grimpe, 1931 as well as some non marine creatures.

Tricolia rentneri F. Nordsieck, 1973 is honouring Jörg Rentner, 19??-, Hamburg.

The French botanist and palaeontologist Esprit Requien, (6 May - Avignon) 1788-1851 (30 May - Bastia, Corsica), is honoured in the red algal name Polysiphonia requienii Montagne. Requien also was interested in malacology.

Prof. Johanna Martha Resig, (27 May - Los Angeles) 1932-2007 (19 Sep.), foraminiferan researcher, active at Hawaii. Retired in 2001 [Resigella Loeblich & Tappan, 1984, Resigia Schnitker & Tjalsma, 1980].

Lacking information about Resti in the gastropod name Odostomia restii Peñas & Rolán, 1999.

The crab name Strengeriana restrepoi G. Rodriguez, 1980 is a tribute to Frère Jesus Restrepo, 19??-, de l'Institut La Salle, à Bogotá.

The French polychaetologist Prof. Christian Retiere, 19??-, at the laboratory in Dinard (close to St. Malo), is honoured in the polychaete name Tharyx retierei Lechapt, 1994.

F.J. Retnaan Macaré-Ontijd, 1812-1887, Dutch Malacologist.

Otto von Retowski, (30 Nov. - Danzig) 1849-1925 (29 Dec.), German / Russian Malacologist and also a gymnasium teacher in Theodosia in Krim.

Lacking information about Retriever in the cirripedian name Teloscalpellum retrieveri (Nilsson-Cantell).

Prof. Anders Jahan Retzius, (3 Oct. - Kristianstad) 1742-1821 (6 Oct. - Stockholm), Swedish polyhistor and naturalist, a disciple of Linnaeus - (Retzius father Nils studied together with his friend Linnaeus), who had been an apothecary and became professor of natural history, economy and chemistry in Lund, where he in 1772 was the founder of the Physiographical Society, the oldest scientific society in Lund. Should not be confused with his sons Prof. Anders Adolph Retzius, (13 Oct. - Lund) 1796-1860 (18 Apr. - Stockholm), professor of anatomy and physiology at the Karolinska Institutet or Prof. Carl Gustaf Retzius, 1798-1833, veterinarian professor in Stockholm. The son of A. A. Retzius, Magnus Gustaf Retzius, (17 Oct. - Stockholm) 1842-1919 (21 July), was professor of anatomy at Karolinska Institutet [Tritaphros retzii Lönnberg, 1889] and married to the philantropist Anna Wilhelmina Hierta-Retzius, (24 Aug. - Stockholm) 1841-1924 (20-21 Dec.), daugther of the publisher, etc. Lars Johan Hierta, (23 Jan.) 1801-1872 (20 Nov.).

Prof. Dr. August Emanuel von Reuss, (8 July - Bilina) 1811-1873 (26 Nov. - Wien), Austrian physician and palaentologist [Reussirella Baluk & Radwanski, 1984, Reussina Kluge, 1962, Reussia Neviani, 1895]. He became ennobled in 1870. His father Franz Ambrosius Reuss, (3 Oct. - Prag; son of poor German parents) 1761-1830 (9 Sep. - Bilina), had been helped economically to study mineralogy and geognosy and became a "Bergrat".

Lacking information about Rev in the hermit crab name Calcinus revi Poupin & McLaughlin, 1998.

Gerard Kornelis van het Reve, (14 Dec. - Amsterdam) 1923-2006 (8 Apr. - Zulte, Belgium), Dutch artist and author, who supported the author of Nucula revei Bergmans, 1978 in trips.

Lacking information about the author's very dear friend Miss Edith Rex, 19??-, in the gastropod name Subcancilla edithrexae Sphon, 1976.

Roger Rey, 1912-1978, French Malacologist.

Lacking information about Reynaud in the polychaete name Alciopa reynaudii Audouin & H. Milne Edwards, 1829, in the cephalopod name Loligo reynaudi d'Orbigny, 1839-41, in de Férussac & d'Orbigny and in the amphionidacean name Amphionides reynaudii H. Milne Edwards, 1833 (dedicated to his friend M. (= Monsieur) Reynaud). Possibly it may have been Count François Dominique Reynaud de Montlosier, (16 Apr. - Clermont- Ferrand) 1755-1838 (9 Dec. - Blois), French political writer - perhaps most known for his anti-clerical writings - and mineralogist, who was honoured by these names. He fled to Germany and emigrated from Hamburg to London in 1791 during the French Revolution, but returned to Paris in 1801. The echinoid Temnopleurus reynaudi Agassiz, 1846 is however a tribute to a M. (Monsieur) Reynaud, who collected i.a. fish at Ceylon and forwarded some specimens to Cuvier. This person was physician of the French corvette La Chevrette, which was there in 1827-28. He and Lt. de Blosseville (q.v.) were the main collectors during this trip and his full name was Dr. Auguste Adolphe Marc Reynaud, (7 May - Var, Toulon) 1804-18??, and perhaps is it more likely that most of the names above may be tributes to him?

A. Reyne , 18??-19?? (after 1961), Agricultural Experiment Station, Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, is honoured in the bivalve name Neoteredo reynei P. Bartsch, 1920.

Alexander Reynell, 1873-1938, English research chemist and hobby malacologist, who also was a keen bibliographer and collaborated with Charles Davies Sherborn, the author of "Index Animalium", who was bibliographer at the British Museum of Natural History between 1888-1942. Iredale, 1917 named Reynellona for him as a thank for helping him with literature research.

Dr. Pierre-Jules Reynès, (19 Feb. - Montpeyroux (Hérault)) 1815-18??, French Malacologist and physician.

The digenean name Mesorchis reynoldi Bhalerao, 1926 is in honour of Miss Reynolds, 1???-, the author's assistant, who found it in the intestine of Corvus insolens (a Burmese house-crow).

Lacking information about N. Reynolds in the choanoflagellate name Pleurasiga reynoldsii Throndsen, 1970.

Lacking information about Reynoldson in the oligochaete name Lumbricillus reynoldsoni Backlund, 1948. The British oligochaete worker Dr. Trefor B. Reynoldson, 19??-, at Acadia Univ., New Scotia, Canada, is too young to be the honoured person, but his father Prof. Dr. Thomas B. Reynoldson, 1925?-2004 (14 Mar., aged 89), Univ. of Wales, Bangor, published in 1948 a synthesis of work on enchytraeids in sewage filter beds, so he may likely be the honoured person.

Mme Simone Reys, 19??-, ostracodologist, wife of Jean Pierre. Reys, 19??-, at the Endoume Laboratory, Marseille who discovered parts of the type material of Aricidea simonae Laubier & Ramos, 1974.

Lacking information about the eponym (possibly Jean-Louis Reyss, 19??-, working in Brest) in the isopod name Haploniscus reyssi Chardy, 1974, in the copepod names Cletodes reyssi Soyer, 1964 and Zosime reyssi Dinet, 1974. The polychaete name Bhawania reyssi Katzmann, Laubier & Ramos, 1974 and the asteroid name Ophidiaster reyssi Sibuet, 1977 are however tributes to Daniel Reyss, 19??-, Cumacean worker at Centre Océanologique de Bretagne, Brest, so possibly he may be the person honoured in most of these names.

The Pacific grey whale barnacle name Cryptolepas rhachianecti Dall, 1872 is not named for a person's family name, but for the host Eschrichtius robustus, which also hve been named Rhachianectus glaucus.

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Rheinheimer, 1927-, German (Kiel) marine microbiologist [Rheinhemera Brettar & al., 2002].

Samuel Nicholson Rhoads, (30 Apr. - Philadelphia) 1862-1952 (27 Dec. - Lakeland Hosp. Blackwood, N.J.), US vertebrate taxonomist [Marinula rhoadsi Pilsbry, 1910].

Prof. Dr. Johann Ludwig Rhumbler, (3 July - Frankfurt am Main) 1864-1939 (5 July - München), essential protoctistologist and palaeontologist from Göttingen [Rhumbleria Bürger, 1917, Rhumbleriella Golemansky, 1971, Rhumblerinella Schmidt, 1929, Rhumblerella Brönnimann, 1981, Ammodiscus rhumbleri Rottgardt, 1952].

Dr. Alípio de Miranda-Ribeiro, (21 Feb. - Rio Preto, Estado de Minas Gerais) 1874-1939, of the Brazilian National Museum, published i.a. on fish [Cheirodon riberoi Eigenmann and Ogle, 1907]. His son Paulo de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1901-1965, became an ichthyologist, working at the same museum as his father.

Prof. Francisco Guitián Ribera, 19??-, from Santiago de Compostela, Catedra de Edafologia de la Universidad [Manzonia guitiani Rolan, 1987].

The gastropod name Mendax ribesae Jay & Drivas, 2002 must be a tribute to Dr. Sonia Ribes-Beaudemolin, 19??-, who during long time has been active in Réunion.

Mrs. Mary Ricaud, 1???-, of Guyamas, Sonora [Elaeocyma ricaudae Berry, 1969].

Dr. Mary Esther Rice, around 1930-, PhD in 1966 at the Univ. of Washington, Smithsonian Marine Station, Fort Pierce, now retired, US polychaete and sipunculid researcher [Tetreres maryriceae Kirtley, 1994].

Lacking information about Rice in the bivalve name Xylophaga ricei Harvey, 1996 from Madeira Abyssal plain.

Rich : (see Dana).

Actinauge richardi (Marion, 1882), "Sclerasterias" richardi (Perrier, 1882), Coralliophila richardi (P. Fischer, 1882), Mamillocylichna richardi Dautzenberg, 1889 & Richardina A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 were possibly named for Prof. Dr. Jules Richard, (18 Nov. - Yssingeaux) 1863-1945 (24 Jan. - Monaco), crustacean researcher, who achieved his PhD at Sorbonne in 1891, his MD in 1900 and became curator of the collections of natural products at the court of prince Albert Grimaldi (q.v.) of Monaco (director of Musée Océanographique from 1900) and helping the prince during his research expeditions, having been his scientific collaborator in different expeditions (succeding Baron de Guerne (q.v.)) already since 1888, likely recommended by A. Milne-Edwards (q.v.), because Richard was his protégé. Richard was succeeded in Monaco by commander Jules Alfred Pierre Rouch, (24 May - Marseille) 1884-1973 (10 Mar. - Monte Carlo), and in 1957 he also was succeded by Cousteau (q.v.) [Quasillina richardi Topsent, 1913, Bathycalanus richardi G.O. Sars, 1905, Parartotrogus richardi T. & A. Scott, 1893, Holophryxus richardii Koehler, 1911, Cyphocaris richardii Chevreux, 1905, Melita richardi Chevreux, 1900, Amphiura richardi Koehler, 1906, Stylopandalus richardi (Couthière, 1905), Sceptrintus richardi Topsent, 1898, Melanella richardi (Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896), Claviscala richardi (Dautzenberg & de Boury, 1897), Gelanemertes richardi (Joubin, 1906), Paragymnomenia richardi Leloup, 1947, Copidognathus richardi (Trouessart, 1902), Stichopathes richardi Roule, 1902, Erenna richardi Bedot, 1904, Nectadamas richardi Pugh, 1992, Pselionema richardi De Coninck, 1942, Boreomysis richardi Nouvel, 1942, Euchaetomera richardi Nouvel, 1945, Hypererythrops richardi Bacescu, 1941, Parhyalella richardi (Chevreux, 1902), Stenothoe richardi Chevreux, 1895, Typhlotanais richardi Dollfus, 1897, Michelopagurus richardi (Bouvier, 1922), Anatoma richardi Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1896, Moelleriopsis richardi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896, Vitreledonella richardi Joubin, 1918, Weltnerium richardi (Gruvel), Vitreledonella richardi Joubin, 1918, likely Stylopandalys richardi (Coutière, 1905)]. A more likely candidate for the first names is however Lt. Ernest Marie Ferdinand Richard, (28 Sep. - Curzon) 1843-1916 (7 June - St-Cyr-en-Talmondais), who was captain on board "Travailleur", during the expedition, when the type material probably was collected and later (in 1903 - a few years before retirement) became a vice admiral.

Lacking information about Richard in the gastropod name Phorcus richardi Payraudeau, 1826 and in the cockle name Afrocardium richardi (Audouin, 1826).

The Callianassid name Lepidophthalmus richardi Fielding & Manning, 1997 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Richard W. Heard Jr., 19??-, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, who achieved his PhD at the University of Southern Mississippi in 1976.

Dr. Harriet Richardson, (9 May) 1874-1958 (28 Mar.),, was a very prolific American student of isopods. She was born in Washington, D.C., where she lived for almost all her life, except for 1892-96, when she attended Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York. In 1903 she became a PhD at the Columbian (now George Washington) University. She worked on isopods for nearly 20 years WITHOUT PAY at the U.S. National Museum (1896-1913). Her many papers covered marine, freshwater, and terrestrial isopods from virtually every corner of the world and included the authoritative "Monograph on the isopods of North America," published as a Bulletin by the U.S. National Museum in 1905. The marine isopods Dactylokepon richardsonae Stebbing, 1910, Parabopyrella richardsonae (Nierstrasz & Brender á Brandis, 1929), Parapenaeon richardsonae (Nierstrasz & Brender á Brandis, 1931), Parionella richardsonae Nierstrasz & Brender á Brandis, 1923, Rocinela richardsonae Nierstrasz, 1931, Renocila richardsonae Williams & Bunkley-Williams, 1992, Amesopous richardsonae Stebbing, 1905, Neastacilla richardsonae Kussakin, 1982, Munneurycope harrietae Wolff, 1962, Carpias harrietae Pires, 1981, Cymodoce richardsoniae Nobili, 1906 as well as the marine littoral isopod Littorophiloscia richardsonae (Holmes and Gay, 1909) and the fresh water isopod species Caecidotea richardsonae Hay, 1901 and Lirceus richardsonae Hubricht & Mackin, 1949 are named after her. Possibly also Pseudidothea richardsoni Hurley, 1957 may be named for her, despite the male ending of the name? Her married name was - from 1913 - Mrs. William D. Searle. In 1914 she - at age 40 - gave birth to a son, who in some way was handicaped, and now her scientific production more or less stopped, only publishing 4 papers after this (arriving between 1919-26), evidently giving her time to take care of her son and family. She has many monuments, including the harpacticoid genus Harrietella T. Scott, 1906 and the isopod genus Harrieta Kensley, 1987. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly supplied most of this information and was (autumn 1999) preparing a Richardson biography for the Journal of Crustacean Biology, complete with great portrait! - This was published in 2000 ).

Dr. (later Sir) John Richardson, (5 Nov. - Dumfries) 1787-1865 (5 June), British naval surgeon, arctic explorer and naturalist, who was a specialist in fishes. His magnum opus was "Fauna Boreali - Americana" in 4 volumes 1829-37 [Polysiphonia richardsoni Hooker, Pseudopentaceros richardsoni (Smith, 1844), Callionymus richardsonii Bleeker, 1854, Cottus richardsoni Agassiz, 1850].

Prof. Laurence (Larry) R. Richardson, 19??-, British zoologist, working in New Zealand after WWII, is honoured in the cephalopod name Megalocranchia richardsoni Dell, 1959 and likely in the deep living North Atlantic skate Bathyraja richardsoni (Garrick, 1961).

Dr. Joyce R. Richardson, 19??-, New Zealand Oceanographic Inst., is interested in brachiopods.

Lacking information about Richbun in the bryozooan name Richbunea Gordon & d'Hondt 1997.

Lacking information about Riche in the Australian pufferfish name Contusus richei (Fréminville, 1813), but possibly a tribute to Dr. Claude Antoine Gaspard Riche (20 July - Chambiet, Beaujolais) 1762-1797 (5 Sep. - Mont-Dore), who took part in the search of the lost La Pérouse expedition with the frigate "Recherche" & the frigate "L'Espérance" in 1791-93, and may have been the first collector of this fish.

Dr. Bertrand Richer de Forges, 1948-, French crustacean worker (born at Limoges) at ORSTOM, Noumea Center, New Caledonia. He has served as an organizer of many dredging expeditions in New Caledonia and south west Pacific ocean and collector of numerous novelties in every group of marine animals [Seguenzia richeri B.A. Marshall, 1991, Diacanthurus richeri McLaughlin & Forest, 1997, Pseudosquilla richeri Moosa, 1991, Calliostoma (Fautor) richeri B.A. Marshall, 1995, Leptotrophon richeri Houart, 1995, Mathilda richeri Bieler, 1995, Xeinostoma richeri Tavares, 1993, Hermes richeri (Richard & Moolenbeek, 1988), Trischizostoma richeri Lowry & Stoddart, 1994, Nassarius (Zeuxis) richeri Cernohorsky, 1992, Pterynotus (Pterynotus) richeri Houard, 1991, Metapenaeopsis richeri Crosnier, 1991 Gymnocrinus richeri Bourseau, Ameziane-Cominardi & Roux, 1987, Eumitra richeri Lozouet, 1991, Notoplax (Notoplax) richeri Kaas, 1990, Gebiacantha richeri Ngoc, 1989, Lithodes richeri Macpherson, 1990, Parastylodactylus richeri Cleva, 1990, Periclimenes richeri A.J. Bruce, 1990, Archidistoma richeri F. Monniot, 1988, Amalda hilgendorfi richeri Kilburn & Bouchet, 1988, Polycarpa richeri C. Monniot, 1987, Pterynotus (Pterynotus) richeri Houart, 1987, Clanculus richeri Vilvens, 2000, Lioconcha richerdeforgesi Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996, Alvania richeri Gofas, 1999, Perotrochus deforgesi Métivier, 1990, Dentalium deforgesi Scarabino, 1995, Paracanthoisis richerdeforgesi (Bayer & Stefani, 1987), Cranaothus deforgesi Ng, 1993, Nematocarcinus richeri Burukovskii, 2000, Synchiropus richeri Fricke, 2000, Parapagurus richeri Lemaitre, 1999, Propeamussium richeri Dijksta, 2001, Phyllidiopsis richeri Valdés, 2001, Leptochiton deforgesi Sirenko, 2001, Spondylus deforgesi Lamprell & Healy, 2001, Hydroginella richeri Boyer, 2001, Oreotlos bertrandi Tan & Ng, 1995, Cirsotrema (Dannevigena) richeri E.F. Garcia, 2003, Dromidiopsis richeri McLay, 2001, Mathilda richeri Bieler, 1995, Urolophus deforgesi Séret & Last, 2003, Periclimenes forgesi X. Li & A.J. Bruce, 2006]. (Dr. Métivier, at the MNHN, Paris, kindly provided some of this information, Dr. Rüdiger Bieler kindly provided his own eponym and Dr. A.J. Bruce kindly provided the last eponym).

Prof. Sebastiano Richiardi, (26 Feb. - Torino) 1834-1904 (1 Aug. - Pisa), Italian zoologist at the Univ. of Pisa from 1871, publishing on e.g. pennatularians and crustaceans. He was Rector Magnificus (headmaster) of the University between 1891-93. [Leucothoe richiardii Lessona, 1865, Neobrachiella richiardii Ben Hassine & Raibaut, 1978, Probolitrema richiardii (Lopez, 1888), Anoplodiscus richiardi (Sonsino, 1890)].

Dr. Matt Richmond, 19??-, Samaki Consultants, Dar es Salaam and editor of the "Field Guide to the Seashores of East Africa and the Western Indian Ocean", is honoured in the isopod names Bahanilana richmondei N. Bruce & Svavarson, 2003. (N. Bruce kindly provided this information).

Dr. Andor Richnovszky, (8 July) 1932-1993 (28 July), Hungarian Malacologist.

Lacking information about Richter in the gastropod name Sticteulima richteri Engel, 1997. Possibly (but perhaps not likely because of the male genitive) a tribute to the biological illustrator Ilona Richter : (see Ilona), so more likely is a male person, possibly A. Richther, 19??-, who has published on Eulimidae.

Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Richters, 1849-1914, was born in Hamburg where he attended private schools and the Royal Gymnasium. He had an early interest in natural history and sought studies in this at the Universities of Heidelberg and Göttingen. He earned a PhD at the latter in 1873 with a dissertation on the decapod larva "phyllosoma." He taught science at high schools in Frankfurt where he worked closely with the Natural History Society and its museum, with special interest in crustaceans. Richters edited the society's publications between 1893 and 1898. He is remembered, too, for monographs on tardigrades and other moss-dwellers, particularly from the German South-Polar Expedition. He also investigated German neolithic communities. This well-loved and cultured man died suddenly "a short time before the outbreak of this bloody war." See obituary by A. Jassoy (1916) Bericht der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt a. M. 46:168-175, portrait.[Richtersia Steiner, 1916, Trachypenaeopsis richtersii (Miers, 1884), Trapezia richtersi Serene, 1984] (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided all this information).

Baron Ferdinand Paul Wilhelm von Richthofen, (5 May - Carlsruhe) 1833-1905 (6 Oct. - Berlin), geographer and China traveller, who founded "Institut für Meereskunde" at the universitety in Berlin.

Ed. Rickets : (see Gislén).

Dr. Oscar Riddle, (27 Sep. - Green County, Indiana) 1877-1968 (29 Nov.), US zoologist, collected Holopristes riddlei Eigenmann and Ogle, 1907. In 1932 he isolated the "pregnancy hormone" prolactin from pigeons in Cold Spring Harbor Biological Laboratory.

Dr. Walter George Ridewood, (1 Feb. - London) 1867-1921 (19 Sep.), English comparative anatomist and Malacologist.

The copepod name Ridgewayia I.C. Thompson & A. Scott, 1903 : "At the suggestion of Professor Herdman" (q.v.) "we have named this genus in honour of Sir Joseph West Ridgeway", 1844-1930, "who was Governor of Ceylon when the pearl oyster investigation was carried on." (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the information about which person is honoured).

Likely the US ornithologist Robert Ridgway, (2 July - Mount Carmel, Ill.) 1850-1929 (25 Mar.), is the person honoured in the gastropod name Turbonilla ridgwayi Dall & Bartsch, 1909.

Henry Nicholas Ridley, (10 Dec. - West Harling Hall, Norfolk) 1855-1956 (24 Oct. - Kew), FRS, British botanist working primarily in southeast Asia, being the director of the Singapore Botanical Gardens between 1888-1911 and in 1895 had detected a way of tapping rubber trees, which did not seriously injure them, who began his career with publishing on copepods and later also published on reptiles. After 1911 he lived in England.

S.O. Ridley (see Dendy).

Professor Dr. Rupert Riedl, (22 Feb. - Wien) 1925-2005 (19 Sep. 2005 - Wien), Austrian meiofauna and marine cave researcher, who has worked as well in Wien (Vienna) as in USA (Univ. of North Carolina) [Xenodasys riedli (Schöpfer-Sterrer, 1969), Polycystis riedli Karling, 1956, Stylocoronella riedli Salvini-Plawen, 1966, Tegastes riedli Pesta, 1959, Arenopontia riedli Lindgren, 1976, Tryphoema riedli Coull, 1971, Austrognathia riedli Sterrer, 1965, Halichaetonotus riedli Schrom, 1972, Echinoderes riedli Higgins, 1966, Amphithoe riedli Krapp-Schickel, 1968].

Prof. Dr. Reinhard Maria Rieger, (10 May - Linz) 1943-2006 (11 Oct. - Birgitz, Austria), director of the department of "Ultrastruktur und Evolutionsforschung" at Institut für Zoologie und Limnologie, Univ. of Innsbruck, Austria [Itaipusa riegeri Karling, 1978, Nematoplana riegeri Curini-Galletti & Martens, 1992, Psammopolycystis riegeri Brunet, 1979]. The polychaete Hesionides riegerorum Westheide, 1979 is named in honour of Prof. Rieger and his wife Dr. Gunde Rieger, 1943-.

Dr. Bernhard Michael Riegl, (1 Oct.) 1964-, Austrian reef coral taxonomist living in Florida. PhD in 1993 at the Univ. of Cape Town.

Dr. Franz Riemann, (24 June) 1937-, meiofauna researcher at the Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforscung, Bremerhaven, is honoured in the nematode names Chaetonema riemanni Platt, 1973, Rhabdocoma riemanni Jayasree & Warwick, 1977, Synonchiella riemanni Warwick, 1970, Paramonohystera riemanni (Platt, 1973), Xyala riemanni Boucher & Helléouët, 1977 & Ironella riemanni Platonova & Mokievsky, 1994 and likely also in the foraminiferan name Tinogullmia riemanni Gooday, 1990. His wife Dr. Karin Riemann-Zürneck is a well-known actinian taxonomist, mainly working on deep sea material.

Teclaia Gili, Bouillon, Pagès, Palanques & Puig, 1999 was dedicated to Prof. Dr. Tecla Riera Figueras, 19??-, Univ. of Barcelona, "in honour of her valuable studies in Mediterranean zooplankton ecology and for her extraordinary kindness to her students and colleagues".

Giovanni Rigacci (23 Oct. – Roma) 1816-1871 (11 May – Roma), merchant and shell collector of both recent and fossil material. In 1866 he published a catalogue of his collection: "Catalogo delle Conchiglie componenti la Collezione Rigacci". The first part was dealing with the recent shells, the second with the fossil material. A selection of fossil shells from Monte Mario in Rome was donated by him to the "Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Accademia delle Scienze di Siena". After his death in 1871 his brothers Giuseppi and Enrico retained the malacological collection and library. They published in 1874 another edition of the Catalogue of recent shells (127 pp.), which was followed by a necrology written by Vincenzo Conti (13 pp.). Giuseppi died in 1880 and about three years later Enrico sold the collection and library to the Italian Government, which sale was followed by deposition of the Rigacci Collection in the Zoological Museum of Rome. The catalogue contains 38 species and 3 varieties attributed to Rigacci, but all have remained nude names. In the catalogue and the necrology an Arca rigacci is mentioned as having been described by Bianconi from Mozambique. Although the latter published indeed several new species in eight papers dealing with the recent marine mollusc fauna from that S.E.-African country, however a description of Arca rigacci is not among them. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information)

Lacking information about Riggi in the cestodan name Phyllobothrium riggii (Monticelli, 1893), but possibly a tribute to Giuseppe Riggi, 18??-1???, who published "Su di un teschio anomalo di Delphinus delphis L.".

The Brazilian (Sao Paulo) malacologist and oligochaete researcher Prof. Dr. Gilberto Righi, 1931-1999, is honoured in the polyplacophoran name Callistochiton righii P. Kaas & R. A. Van Belle, 1994 and in the oligochaete genus name Righiella Omodeo & Coates, 2001. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided the first name and nationality and André Trombeto kindly provided the oligochaete name).

Nodopelta rigneae Warén & Bouchet, 2001 was named for Mrs. Kerstin Rignéus, 1949-, (SMNH) who sorted material.

The amphipod name Eusiropsis riisei Stebbing, 1897 may likely be any of the Danish collectors Frederik Riise, (8 Dec. - St. Thomas) 1863-1933 (11 Jan.), or his father, who is honoured [Brachioteuthis riisei (Steenstrup, 1882), Arene riisei "Dunker" Rehder, 1943, Atys riiseana Mørch, 1875, Nereis riisei Grube, 1857, Ophiophragmus riisei (Lütken,1859), Ophiopsila riisei Lütken, 1859, Amphiodia riisei Lütken, 1860 (in Lyman, 1860)]. A pharmacist Albert Heinrich Riise, (11 Sep. - Ærøskøbing) 1810-82 (18 Oct.), working at St. Thomas, the West Indies (between 1838-78, while most of his family returned to København, Denmark in 1868) is mentioned as a collector for Steenstrup. This is F. Riise's father, who must be the honoured person in the West Indian madreporarian name Thalamophyllia riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) and the octocorallian genus name Riisea Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 and at least the most early names above.

Dr. Hendrik Elingsz van Rijgersma, (5 Jan. - Friesland, the Netherlands) 1835-1877 (4 Mar.), who studied medicine in Haarlem and became a physician in 1858 and obstetrician in 1859. He stayed in Holland until 1863, when he moved to the island of St. Martin in the Netherlands Antilles, staying there for the rest of his life. He was very interested in natural history and specialized in molluscs. In 1868 he became correspondent of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia and started to collect animals and fossils, which was transported to Philadelphia [Caecum rijgersmai de Jong & Coomans, 1988].

The gastropod name Hexaplex rileyi D' Attilio & Myers, 1984. It is not a tribute to Gordon Arthur Riley, (11 June - Webb City, Missouri) 1911-1985 (7 Oct. - Halifax, Nova Scotia), working as oceanographer at the Dalhousie Univ., but to Mr. Kenneth Riley, 19??-, a petroleum engineer, who acted as shell collector.

Prof. August Rimbach, 1862-1943 (Riobamba), professor at the university in Cuenca, a German botanist and zoologist, who lived in Ecuador from 1890 until his death. His brother Carl Rimbach, 1864-1933 (Riobamba), was a geologist.

Mikhail Nikolaevich Rimsky-Korsakov, 1873-1951, Russian zoologist (mainly entomologist) educated in St Petersburg, where he was a co-worker of Schewiakoff (q.v.). He was an elder son of the well-known sea loving Russian composer Nikolai A. Rimsky-Korsakov, 1844-1908 (see Sadko).

Mitra (Mitra) rinaldii H. Turner, 1993 is named in honour of Prof. Augusto Rinaldi, (12 July - Roma) 1939-2005 (7 Oct. - Cagliari), (Cagliari, Italy) who has presented his superb specimen from deep water off Mogadishu, Somalia (where he served a little as educator during the 1980s), as the holotype. (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Kenneth L. Rinehart Jr., (17 Mar. - Chillicothe, Missouri) 1929-2005 (13 June - Urbana, Illinois), a chemist interested in chemical compounds from nature, especially those from Didemnidae and similar families, is honoured in the ascidian name Situla rineharti Monniot & Monniot, 1989.

Lacking information about Ringe in the opisthobranch name Toledonia? ringei (Strebel, 1905).

Prof. Dr. Raúl Adolfo Ringuelet, (10 Sep. - La Plata) 1914-1982 (29 Apr.), Argentinan zoologist, who published on fishes and their parasites [Scutellidium ringueleti Pallares, 1969, Aegla ringueleti Bond-Buckup & Buckup, 1994, Probopyrus ringueleti Verdi & Schuldt, 1988, Piedrabuenia ringueleti Gosztonyi, 1977].

Dr. Hinrich Johannes Rink, (26 Aug.) 1819-1893 (15 Dec.), Danish Greenland researcher, geologist and ethnographer, Ph.D. in 1844. Took part in the circumnavigation with the corvette "Galathea" in 1845-47. His first trip to Greenland was between 1848-51. In 1851 he became member of a commission dealing with Greenlandic affairs and two years later colony manager in Julianehaab, moving in the same position to Godthaab in 1855 and in 1858 he was appointed inspector of south Geenland. He stayed in this position for ten years, after which health problems forced him to return to Denmark. From 1878 until his death he was a member of a commission for geological and geographical research in Greenland [Caprella rinki Stephensen, 1916, Myriotrochus rinkii Steenstrup, 1851].

The Volutid name Amoria rinkensi Poppe, 1986 is honouring Joe Rinkens, 19??-, Australian shell dealer living Port Hedland. Later in life he started pearl farming. (Guido T. Poppe kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Riodour in the octocoral name Leptogorgia riodouri Stiasny, 1937.

Dr. Enrique Rioja Lo-Bianco, (16 Feb. - Santander, Spain) 1895-1963 (20 Sep. - Mexico), polychaetologist deceased in Mexico, where he worked (at Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City) during his last years. He grew up in Santander, where his father Dr. José Rioja y Martín, 1866-1945, was professor of zoology and director at the maine biology station, but due to his liberal ideology and his close links to the Republican government he was forced to leave his home country at the end of the Spanish civil war in 1939 for Mexico. More information is available in Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. 1989(1988). Enrique Rioja y su contribución al estudio de los poliquetos (Annelida: Polychaeta) en México. Brenesia 30: 39-65. [Lycastopsis riojai Bastida-Zavala, 1990] (The author of this name, Rolando Bastida-Zavala kindly provided this information).

Prof. Eliézer de Carvalho Rios, (9 Nov. - Rio Grande) 1921-, Museu Oceanografico do Rio Grande, Brazil, malacologist [Adelomelon riosi, Tritonia riosi, Riosatella Vokes, 1973, Conus riosi Petuch, 1986, Terebra riosi Bratcher & Cernohorsky, 1985, Typhina riosi Bertsch & D'Attilio, 1980, Sediliopsis riosi Tippett, 1995, Olivella (Olivina) riosi Klappenbach, 1991, Siphonochelus riosi D' Attilio & Bertsch, 1980].

Pilar Ríos López, 19??-, is honoured in the Iberian sponge name Tedania pilarriosae Cristobo, 2002, for her "constant support and her invaluable help in the development of investigation about Porifera in the Ría de Ferrol".

The French parasitologist Prof. Jean Antoine Rioux, 19??-, Montpellier, is honoured in the monogenean name Cycloplectanum riouxi Oliver, 1986.

Robert Henry Fernando Rippon, 1816-1917, English entomologist (specialist on lepidoptera), shell collector and illustrator.

The nudibranch name Rostanga risbeci Baba, 1991 is named in honour of Dr. Jean Risbec, 1895-1964, who worked on nudibranchs from New Caledonia from the 1920s on and also was an entomologist, publishing from Madagascar and East Africa during the last decades of his life. [Risbecia Odhner, 1934, Jeanrisbecia Odhner, in Franc, 1968]. Also several insect names are honouring his name.

Professor Dr. (Doc) Nathan Wendell (Pete) Riser, (11 Apr. - Salt Lake City) 1920-2006 (26 July - Swampscoff, Mass., where he lived), US polychaete, platyhelminth and nemertean researcher. Educated at the Univ. of Illinois, later Stanford (Hopkins Marine Station), where he achieved his PhD (on tapeworms) in 1949 under Tage Skogsberg (q.v.). Had positions at several institutions and universities, e.g. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Fisk Univ., Woods Hole and Univ. of New Hampshire before he in 1957 moved to the Northeastern University, from where he retired in 1985, but stayed there and continued to work on his favourite animals [Riserius Norenburg, 1993, Riseriellus Rogers, Junoy, Gibson & Thorpe, 1993, Peosidrilus riseri Erséus, 1992, Questa riseri Giere & Erséus, 1998, Calliobothrium riseri Nasin, Caira & Euzet, 1997, Gnathorhynchus riseri Karling, 1995, Phyllobothrium riseri Ruhnke, 1996, Microphthalmus riseri Westheide, 1994, Laubierpholoe riseri Pettibone, 1992, Sphaerosyllis (Prosphaerosyllis) riseri Perkins, 1981, Typosyllis (Typosyllis) riseri Hartmann-Schröder, 1989, Orbinia riseri (Pettibone 1957), Sphaerosyllis riseri Perkins, 1981, Mungava riseri Maddocks, 1979, Hedylopsis riseri M.P. Morse, 1976, Nybelinia riseri Dollfus, 1960].

Rishbeth : (see Haddon).

Christoforo Rismondo, 1???-19??, Administrative director of the Marine Research Station, Rovinj between ?1928? and around 1943 [Halacarus rismondoi Viets, 1940].

Joseph Antoine Risso, (8 Mar. - Nice) 1777-1845 (25 Aug.), son of a carpenter from Nice, who could afford to let his son be teached to become a druggist. In 1803 young Risso became an independent pharmacist and stayed in this profession until 1826. At this time he became a teacher of physical science, later medical chemistry but ended up as Professor of Botany and Chemistry at the Univ. of Nice (Nizza). He is perhaps most well-known for his systematical works concerning Mediterranean fishes (1810), but also a work on crustaceans (1816), a work on cephalopods (1843), all skilfully illustrated by himself [Rissoa de Fréminville, in Desmarest, 1814, Rissoella J.E. Gray, 1847, Rissoides Manning & Lewinsohn, 1982, Notolepis rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840), Panulirus rissoni (Desmarest, 1825), Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826), Leptochiton rissoi Nierstrasz, 1905, Electrona risso (Cocco, 1829), Callionymus risso Lesueur, 1814, Hymedesmia rissoi (Topsent, 1936), Colombia rissoniana (Leach, 1818), Calappa rissoana Pastore, 1995, Rochinia rissoana (Roux, 1828), Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany, 1857), Calliopaea rissoana H. Milne Edwards, 1842].

Lacking information about Rita in the gastropod name Conus (Leporiconus) ritae Petuch, 1995.

Dr. G. Ritchie, 19??-, PhD in 1993 at the Univ. of Aberdeen on the reproductive biology of Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Kroyer, 1838).

Larry Edward Ritchie, 19??-198? (called the late in 1988, but published a paper together with Hoeg in 1981), doctoral student at Scripps Institution of Oceanograhy, established the genus Diexanthema and is honoured in the species name Diexanthema ritchiei Boxshall & Harrison, 1988.

John Ritchie, Jr., 1851-1939, US Malacologist.

The nematode name Ritenbenkia Allgén, 1957 is likely not honouring a person's name at all, but referring to the Ritenbenk district at Greenland, from where it was described

The flatworm name Thysanozoon raphaeli Bolaños, Quiroga & Litvaitis, 2007 is amed for Raphael Ritson-Williams, 19??-, (Research Technician, Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce), "who provided us the type specimen". (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Prof. Dr. William Emerson Ritter, (21 Nov. - Hampden, Wisconsin) 1856-1944 (10 Jan. - Berkeley, Cal.), PhD at Harvard in 1893, US tunicatologist at the Univ. of California, who took part of the Harriman Alaska expedition (see e.g. Kincaid and Harriman). Later he became the first director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Ritter had conducted summer courses for students at UC Berkeley during 1892-1903 at different places along the Californian coast, but thougt that it would be more practical to have a coastal laboratory. After some failures with the location of such a lab, he was tipped by his friend Fred Baker (q.v.) that the coast along the San Diego Bay should be a good place, promising to help Ritter establishing contact with potential donors. He was marrried to Dr. Mary Elizabeth Bennett Ritter, (7 June - Salinas, Cal.) 1860-1949 (17 Mar. - Mountain View, Cal.), a physician. In 1903 the Marine Biological Association of San Diego was formed, getting donations from several persons, most notably from the former newspaper tycoon Edward Wyllis Scripps, (18 June - Rushville, Illinois) 1854-1926 (12 Mar.), and his philantropist (half)sister Ellen Browning Scripps, (18 Oct. - London, England) 1836-1932 (3 Aug.), and thus, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was founded. As the first location of laboratory buildings at La Jolla Cove showed to be to close to the growing city, a gradual move to a place a few miles northwards took place between 1907-10 [Triopha scrippsiana Cockerell, 1915, the medusa genus Scrippsia Torrey, 1909]. Ritters helping colleague C.A. Kofoid (q.v.) succeded Ritter as Berkely professor in 1909 [Ritteriella Metcalf, 1919, Ritterella Harant, 1931, Radianthus ritteri (Kwietniewski), Ischnochiton ritteri W. H. Dall, 1919, Trivia ritteri Raymond, 1903, Odostomia ritteri Dall & Bartsch, 1909, Tindaria ritteri Dall, 1916, Helianthopsis ritteri Kwietniewski C.R., 1898, Synidotea ritteri Richardson, 1904, Anthomastus ritteri (Nutting, 1909)] (The Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, Peter Brueggeman, kindly added the information about the genus Scrippsia).

The German? zoologist Rudolf von Ritter-Záhony, 18??-19??, working on polyclads and chaetognaths in the early years of the 20:th century (until outbrek of WW I) [Zahonya Oye, 1918].

Lacking information about Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Rittikh, 1958-, in the polychaete name Zatsepinia rittichae Jirkov, 1986. She studied the benthos of the northern seas of the USSR.

The fish name Callionymus rivatoni Fricke, 1993 must be a tribute to the French zoologist Jacques Rivaton, 19??-, who has worked much in New Caledonia (the maine biology laboratory at Nouméa).

The shrimp Processa riveroi Manning & Chase, 1971 is in honour of Prof. Dr. Juan A. Rivero, (5 Mar. - Santurce, Puerto Rico) 1923-, PhD at Harvard Univ. in 1953, of Puerto Rico, who also is honoured in several non marine animal names, e.g. several frogs are named for him. He was the initiator of AIMLC (Association of Island Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean) in 1957.

The great antropologist Paul Adolph Rivet, (7 May - Wasigny, Ardennes) 1877-1958 (25 Mar. - Paris), collected also some animals and is honoured in the crab name Hypolobocera riveti Rodriguez, 1980.

Prof. Dr. Emmet Rixford, (14 Feb. - New Bedford, Quebec, Canada) 1865-1938 (USA), north American surgeon at Stanford Univ. and Malacologist, who moved with his family to California in 1867.

The Caribbean gastropod name Turbonilla rixtae de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is in honour of Dr. Rixt de Jong, 19??-, niece of the first author.

Lacking information about Rizza? in the gastropod name Tectonatica rizzae Philippi, 1844.

Lacking information about Roba in the bivalve name Nuculana robai T. Kuroda, 1929.

The gastropod name Volvarina roberti Bavay, 1917 may possibly be a tribute to Adrien Robert, 1867-1925.

Who is Robert in the harpacticoid name Paramphiascella roberti (Monard, 1935)? Possibly a tribute to Robert Gurney (q.v.)?

The polychaete Aricidea roberti J.P. Hartley, 1984 got its name from Hartley's son Robert Hartley, 1977-. (See : J.P. Hartley).

Henry Barndt Roberts, (1 Sep. - Philadelphia) 1910-1979 (14 Mar.), Smithsonian Institution, is honoured in the crab names Sotoplax robertsi Guinot, 1983 and Homelodromia robertsi Garth, 1973. He was a younger brother of the archaeologist Dr. Frank Harold Hanna Roberts Jr., (11 Aug. - Centerburg, Ohio) 1897-1966 (23 Feb. - Washington, D.C.), who also worked at the Smithsonian Institution.

Mary Roberts, 1788-1864, published "A popular history of the Mollusca..." in London in 1851.

Sherwood Raymond Roberts, (30 Aug. - Philadelphia) 1845-1928 (19 Aug. - Vineyard Haven), US conchologist [Zonaria robertsi (Hidalgo, 1906)] and a close friend of Tryon (q.v.).

The eelpout name Seleniolycus robertsi Møller & Stewart, 2006 is in honour of Dr. Clive Roberts, 19??-, Curator of Fishes, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, in recognition of his valuable contribution to the Biosystematics of Ross Sea fishes project at Te Papa.

Lacking information about Roberts in the SE Atlantic skate name Amblyraja robertsi (Hulley, 1970), but possibly a tribute to Dr. Tyson R. Roberts, 19??-, Californian ichthyologist, who is honoured in the fresh water fish name Synodontis robertsi Poll, 1974.

Lacking information about Ray Roberts , 19??-, of Marianas High School?, in the polychaete name Lygdamis rayrobertsi Kirtley, 1994.

Dr. (Miss) Alice Robertson, 1859-1922, published on US west coast bryozoans. PhD at the Univ. of California in 1902 [Robertsonidra Osburn, 1952, Tegella robertsonae O'Donoghue, 1926, Gostazia robertsoniae Canu and Bassler, 1923].

Prof. Dr. James Duncan Robertson, (16 Jan. - Glasgow) 1912-1993 (22 Dec. - Glasgow), animal physiologist, is honoured in the sipunculan names Phascolion robertsoni Stephen & Robertson, 1952 and Themiste robertsoni (Stephen & Robertson, 1952)..

Dr. David Robertson, (28 Nov. - Glasgow) 1806-1896 (20 Nov.), a shepherd boy from Scotland, who when grown-up opened a shop in Glasgow, but - because of concern about the health of his wife - he moved to the island Great Cumbrae in Firth of Clyde at Millport and became well-known as "The Cumbrae Naturalist". Worked as an amateur naturalist mainly on small crustaceans during the last decades of the 19:th century together with i.a. Brady (q.v.). His activities there became the cause of the establishment 1897 of the laboratory at Millport, which was moved from provisional localities in Granton, where the activity started in 1884 [Robertsonia Brady, 1880, Robertsonites Swain, 1963, Scottopsyllus robertsoni (T. & A. Scott,1895), Bonnyannella robertsoni (Brady, 1868), Sophrosyne robertsoni Stebbing & Robertson, 1891, Cibicidoides robertsonianus (Brady, 1881), Roundstonia robertsoni (Brady, 1868)].

Harold Ralph Robertson, (22 Apr. - The Elms, Prince's Park, Liverpool, England) 1877-1951 (15 July - Buffalo, NY), and his wife Imogene (Genie) Christobel Strickler Robertson, (23 June - Buffalo, NY) 1872-1953 (6 Feb. - Buffalo), were both US Malacologists.

Dr. Robert Robertson, 1934-, honorary curator at the Ac. of Nat. Sci., Philadelphia, US malacologist [Macromphalina robertsoni Rolan & Rubio, 1998, Rissoella confusa robertsoni Ponder & Yoo, 1977].

The Brazilian mysid name Surinamysis robertsonae  Bamber & Henderson, 1990 is a tribute to Dr. Barbara Robertson, 19??-, who collected type type material. She is likely British, like the authors.

Louis Marc Antoine Robillard d'Argentelle, (29 Apr. - Pont-l’Evêque) 1777-1828 (12 Dec. - Paris), French botanist [Robillarda P.A. Saccardo, 1882, likely Natica robillardi G. B. Sowerby III, 1893, Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883)].

Robin : (see Robin Millar).

The copepod name Paramphiascella robinsoni (A. Scott, 1902) was named for its collector, Mr. Herbert Christopher Robinson, (4 Nov. - Liverpool) 1874-1929 (30 May - Oxford). It was found in the Indian Ocean on Robinson's way through the Suez Canal to Siam. Robinson was curator of the Federated Malay States Museum, at Selangor from 1903 to 1926. He published together with Annandale (q.v.) on Siamese amphibians during the first years of the 20:th century. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

The copepod name Ameiropsis robinsoni Gurney, 1927 was named "in compliment to Mr. V. C. Robinson, 18??-19??, one of the members of the Expedition"--that is, the Cambridge Expedition to the Suez Canal in 1924. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Robinson in the copepod name Oniscopsis robinsoni Chappuis & Delamare Deboutteville, 1956.

Dr. John Eric Robinson, 19??-, London, the author's colleague and friend, is honoured in the ostracod name Bythocythere robinsoni Athersuch, Horne & Whittaker, 1983.

Miss Colleen Robinson, 19??-, who helped the authors of Rissoella colleenae Ponder & Yoo, 1977, is honoured in this name.

The gastropod name Distorsio (Rhysema) robinsoni Petuch, 1987 is in honour of David Robinson, 19??-, Tulane Univ., New Orleans, who collected the holotype. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Robokak in the scleractinian name Mycedium robokaki Moll & Best, 1984, but likely not a homonym.

Guy Coburn Robson, 1888-1945, zoological curator at the Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) and painter published a monograph of recent cephalopods starting with Octopodinae in 1929 [Robsonella Adam, 1938, Moroteuthis robsoni W. Adam, 1962, Sepiella robsoni Massy, 1927, Octopus robsoni Adam, 1941, Opisthoteuthis robsoni O'Shea, 1999, Abralia robsoni Grimpe, 1931, Uroteuthis robsoni (Alexeyev, 1992), Sepia robsoni (Massy, 1927)]. However Tremoctopus robsoni Kirk, 1883 (a New Zealand species) is of course named too early to be in honour of this person. It was likely named for C.W. Robson, 18??-1???, who in 1887 named Archteuthis kirki from a stranded specimen from Cape Campbell, New Zealand, but who was he? Possibly the keeper of the Cape Campbell lighthouse (in 1872), a man named C. Robson. Another namesake is Mr. C.H. Robson, who in 1879 published on the breeding habits of the New Zealand katipo spider.

Lacking information about Robyn in the nematode name Paraphanoderma robynae Inglis, 1971. The author does not explain the etymology of the name in the description.

General Alejo Julio Argentino Roca Paz, (17 July - San Miguel de Tucumán) 1843-1914 (19 Oct. - Buenos Aires), Argentina, took part in an expedition to Rio Negro (Patagonia) and was president in the Argentine Republic two times. (André Trombeta kindly provided part of this information). .

Bankia rochi Möller, 1931 is named for G. Felix Roch, 1901-1975, malacologist, who published on shipworms during the late 1920s and the early 1930s in German. (Lodewijk van Duuren kindly provided the year of decease).

Prof. Carlos Eduardo Falavigna da Rocha, 19??-, copepodologist from the Univ. of São Paolo, Brazil, who began publishing in 1983.

The parasitic nematod name Terranova rochalimai (Pereira, 1935) is honouring Dr. Henrique da Rocha Lima, (24 Nov. - Rio de Janeiro) 1879-1956 (12 Apr.), Brazilian anatomical pathologist, working for many years in Germany, making notable contributions to biomedical science, e.g. creating the genus Rickettsia (see Ricketts). (André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided this information).

De la Roche : (see Delaroche).

Georges Roché, 1866-1942, who published on fisheries and oyster culture in France and Europe during the 1890s is likely the person who is honoured in the Callianassid name Callianassa rochei Bouvier, 1895.

The flatworm name Oschmarinella rochebruni (Poirier, 1886) may possibly be a tribute to the polyplacophoran researcher Alphonse Amédée Trémeau de Rochebrune, (18 Sep. - Saint-Savin) 1833-1912 (23 Apr. - Paris), from France / Senegal.

Lacking information about Rochefort in the molluscan genus name Rochefortia Vélain, 1878.

Gynodiastylis rochfordi Hale, 1946 was named for Mr. David J. Rochford, 19??-, hydrologist CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Cronulla, Australia, who published at least between 1951-90.

Abut the actiniarian name Onubactis rocioi López-González P.J., den Hartog J.C., & García-Gómez J.C., 1995, thge authors mention: "The species is named for Rocio Juan," 19??-, "who generously supported the senior author with the preparation of his PhD thesis on the anthozoan fauna of the Strait of Gibraltar".

H.M. de Rocquigny-Adanson, related to Michel Adanson (q.v.), is honoured in the gastropod name Natica rocquignyi Fischer-Piette, 1942, because he left the malacological collections of his relative to the Paris Museum. Hugues Marie Auguste Michel de Rocquigny-Adanson, 1888-1959, may likely be this person.

Hans Albert Rodatz (born Kuhhorst, Germany) 18??-1??? (died of malaria), settled in 1845 officially in Hamburg. When he was captain of the schooner "Alf", he was the first sailor from Vegesack, Bremen, who rounded the Cape of Good Hope. He worked for some time in the Red Sea, where he transported regularly Muslim pilgrims from Egypt to Jeddah. Jealousy from the side of local Arabic seafarers ended this business in 1844 by a decree of the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali. He moved to Zanzibar where he started to work for the Hamburg-based firm O'Swald & Co. Together with another merchant from Hamburg they bought up secretly for almost 30 years huge amounts of supposed worthless Cowry shells, mainly Cypraea moneta, which were sold with a huge profit to slave-traders operating between West Africa and the Americas. In this way this firm transported 20.000 ton of Cowries from Zanzibar to West-Africa between 1850 and 1878. During his travels he brought most probably now and then other molluscs to Hamburg since the following species, most of them from Zanzibar, were named after him: Venus rodatzi Dunker, 1848; Mactra (Mulina) rodatzi Dunker, 1850; Achatina rodatzi Dunker, 1852; Natica rodatzii Philippi, 1852; Barbatia rodatzi Dunker, 1866 and for the second time Natica rodatzi by Schepman, 1901, who was not aware of the description of the same species by Philippi in 1852. (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Rodda in the polyplacophoran name Chaetopleura roddai Ferreira, 1983.

The amphipod name Hippomedon rodericki Moore, 1989 is honouring Roderick Moore, 1976-, the younger son of the author, Prof. Geoff Moore, University Marine Biological Station Millport.

Morula rodgersi Houart, 2000 is named for Mr. Jim Rodgers, 19??-, of Yigo, Guam, shell collector.

Lacking information about Rodgers in the monogenean name Polyclithrum rodgersi Dimitrieva & al.

Dr. Gilberto Domingo Rodríguez Ramírez, (12 May - Caracas) 1929-2004 (16 May - Caracas), Venezuelan carcinologist.

Prof. Dr. Sérgio de Almeida Rodrigues, (São Paulo) 1937-2003 (14 Oct., by pneumonia), São Paulo, must be the person honoured in the Brazilian ascidian name Didemnum rodriguesi R.M. da Rocha & F. Monniot, 1993.

Lacking information about Rodriguez in the Atlantic South American bivalve name Brachidontes rodriguezi (d'Orbigny, 1846).

Lacking information about Rodriguez in the Peltogastrid name Septosaccus rodriguezi (Fraisse, 1876).

The red algal name Rodriguezella Schmitz in J.J. Rodriguez, 1895 and the Mediterranean brown algal name Laminaria rodriguezii Bornet, 1888 must likely be a tribute to the Spanish (Menorca) algologist Juan Joaquín Rodríguez y Femenías, 1839-1905.

Prof. Dr. Howard S.J. Roe, 19??-, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, Deacon Laboratory, Brook Road, Wormley, Godalming, Surrey, England, - retired in 2005 - is honoured in the copepod names Hyalopontius roei Boxshall, 1979 and Euaugaptilus roei Matthews, 1972.

Lacking information about Roebuck in the Australian holothurian name Taeniogyrus roebucki (Joshua, 1914). Possibly the name may not honour a person, but perhaps the type was collected in Roebuck Bay, western Australia? Otherwise the British Malacologist William Denison Roebuck, (5 Jan. - Leeds, Yorkshire) 1851-1919 (15 Feb.), may be a possible honouree.

About the Lithodid name Paralomis roeleveldae Kensley 1981, the author mentioned: "The species is named for Martina Adriana Compagno Roeleveld", ca 1946-2006 (30 June - Cape Town), "of the South African Museum, in thanks for her help during the Meiring Naude cruises". She was a cephalopod taxonomist and was married to the shark specialist Dr. Leonard J.V. Compagno, 19??-, (q.v.) of the same Museum.

Herman Christiaan Roeters van Lennep, (20 Dec. - Amsterdam) 1820-1879 (15 Aug. - Twello), Dutch Malacologist.

Rofen : (see Harry).

Alois Friedrich Rogenhofer, (22 Dec. - Wien) 1831-1897 (15 Jan. - Wien), curator of i.a. crustaceans in the "Zoologische Hof-Cabinet", Wien (Vienna). He was primarily an entomologist interested in Lepidoptera & Hymenoptera.

Roger in the polychaete name Dipolydora rogeri (Martin, 1996) is the son of the Author Daniel Martin (q.v.), who found this species at the Catalan Mediterranean coas in the same time as his son wos born.

Lacking information about Roger in the W African fish name Pomadasys rogerii (Cuvier, 1830).

The Australian decapod name Gastroptychus rogeri K. Baba, 2000 is in honour of Roger Buttermore, 19??-, a curator of the Tasmanian Museum who made the material available for study.

The eponym in the decapod name Scyllarides roggeveeni Holthuis, 1967 is likely honouring the Dutch lawyer and theologist Jacob Roggeeven, (Jan. - Middelburg) 1659-1729 (31 Jan. - Middelburg), who had a deep interest in science and as an Admiral he was the leader of an expedition to southern seas in search for a southern continent, which his father Arent Roggeveen, the cartographer had thought to be there. J. R., with his three ships discovered i.a. Rapa Nui, which he renamed Easter Island (because he arrived there at Easter 1722) and also part of the Tuamotu Archipelago, part of the Society group, and part of the Samoan islands.

Prof. Dr. Mary Dora Rogick (nee Rogic), (7 Oct. - East Sandy, Pennsylvania) 1906-1964 (25 Oct. - New Rochelle Hospital), born in a family of Croatian origin, PhD in 1934 at Ohio State Univ., in 1935 employed at College of New Rochelle, New York, where she stayed until she died, eventually as professor, is honoured in the bryozooan name Rogicka Uttley & Bullivant, 1972. Rogick has published on bryozoans from the Woods Hole region at least since 1948.

Dr. Irina S. Roginskaya, 19??-, Opisthobranch researcher at the PP.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Moscow, Russia, who has published since 1962. She is also investigating the spiral directions of egg strings and fecal tracks in different bottom fauna animals correlated to altitude.

The gastropod name Conus rogmartini da Motta, 1982 must be a tribute to Roger Martin, 19??-, Cebu, who published together with da Motta during the beginning of the 1980s.

Prof. Dr. Klaus Rohde, (30 Mar. - Brandenburg an der Havel) 1932-, Australian (since the 1970s) marine parasitologist of German stock (PhD in Münster in 1957). Specialist of marine ecology and systematics, ultrastructure and phylogeny of parasitic Platyhelminthes, especially Aspidogastreans and Monogeneans; while still director of the Heron Island Research Station, he sent material from that region to the authors of Pseudacanthocanthopsis rohdei Ho & Dojiri, 1976; Benedenia rohdei Whittington, Kearn & Beverley-Burton, 1994 was "named for Pr. Klaus Rohde who first found this parasite on the gills of Lutjanus caponotatus in 1973 at Heron Island.". (Prof. Jean-Lou Justine, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, kindly provided some of this information). (More)

The fish name Symphodus (Crenilabrus) roissali (Risso, 1810) is a tribute to the Nice painter Clément Honoré Claude Roissal (or Roassal), (10 Apr. - Nice) 1781-1850 (16 Mar.), who was a friend of Risso. A similar eponym is found in the gastropod name Nerita roissyana Recluz, 1841 (now Vittina roissyana), which was named for a Mr. Felix of Roissy, a conchologist and a geologist. That is all Recluz says in his description. The locality of the shell was New Guinea, but it was brought back by Lesson, so Felix must be a Frenchman. This indicates that it must be the French conchologist Felix de Roissy, 1771-1843, who wrote part of the section on molluscs in Buffon's Histoire naturelle (Vol. 91, published 1805), and also is the author of several genus names including Egeria, Hyaloea, and Pneumoderma (The Neritidae specialist Dr. Tom Eichhorst, New Mexico, USA, kindly informed about the conchologist and Dr. Jeremy Marshall, Oxford, England kindly provided the correct name, dates and the occupation of the honoured person).

Dr. Emilio Rolán Mosquera, 1935-, physician and malacologist in Vigo, NW Spain [Barleeia aemilii Gofas, 1995, Dikoleps rolani Rubio, Dantart & Luque, 1998, Lepidochitona rolani Kaas & Strack, 1986, Laevipilina rolani Warén & Bouchet, 1990, Conus rolani Rockel, 1986], married to Maria Josefa "Chefi" Alvarez Aza, 1941-, [Barleeia chefiae Gofas, 1995, Clathrosansonia chefyae (Rolán, Espinosa & Fernández-Garcés, 1991), Conus josephinae Rolán, 1980]. Their son Emilio Rolán Alvarez, 1965-, is working on molluscs at the university of Vigo.

The scleractinian name Cladopsammia rolandi Lacaze-Duthiers, 1897 and the gastropod name Rolandia Lacaze-Duthiers, 1900 are likely not named for a person's name, but for the yacht Roland, used by Lacaze-Duthiers during 1894-95 in Golfe du Lion. (A later nudibranch genus name Rolandia Pruvot-Fol, 1951 is in honour of R. Oscar Rolland de Roquan, 1812-1863; see below)

Lacking information about Roland in the diatom name Navicula rolandii Wunsam, Witkowski & Lange-Bertalot, but possibly a tribute to the Austrian algologist Roland R. Schmidt, 19??-,.

Lacking information about Rolland in the harpacticoid name Tapholaophontodes rollandi Soyer, 1975. May it be Prof. Rolland Billard, French ichthyologist, who in 1997 was co-editor of a celebration book named "Hommage à Théodore Monod"?

The bivalve name Astarte rollandi Bernardi, 1858 is likely a tribute to the French shell collector R. Oscar Rolland du Roquan, 1812-1863.

Richard A. Roller, (9 Dec. - Baltimore) 1930-1998 (11 June), US Opisthobranch researcher. He worked on this taxon during the late 1960s and early 1970s [Utriculastra (Tornastra)) rolleri Ev. Marcus, 1977, Cuthona rolleri Behrens and Gosliner, 1988].

The nemertean name Pelagonemertes rollestoni Moseley, 1875, is a tribute to Moseley's friend Prof. Dr. George Rolleston, (30 July - Maltby Hall, Yorkshire) 1829-1881 (16 June - Oxford), English physician and zoologist at the Univ. of Oxford.

The Chief Paleontologist Dr. F.W. Rolshausen, 1???-, (of the Humble Oil and Refining Company, Houston, Texas) is honoured in the foraminiferan name Siphotextularia rolshauseni Phleger & Parker, 1951.

D. van Romburgh, 19??-, member of the former Dutch mollusca working group, is honoured in the gastropod name Odostomia (Odostomia) romburghi van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998.

The ostracod genus Domromeus Kornicker, 1989 and the species Asteropterygion romei Kornicker, 1981 are named for the Belgian Benedictinian Dom Remacle (born as Joseph) Rome, (30 Aug. - Stavelot) 1893-1974, ostracodologist at OSB, Louvain, Belgium.

Likely the Arctic explorer Hermann Joseph Fritz Römer, (10 Apr. - Mörs) 1866-1909 (20 Mar. - Frankfurt am Main), must be the honoured person in the flatworm name Diphyllobothrium romeri (Zschokke, 1903), in the tunicate name Molgula romeri Hartmeyer, 1903 and in the amphipod name Phippsia romeri Schellenberg, 1925..

Dr. Gijsbert Romijn, (10 Jan. - Apeldoorn) 1868-1930 (20 Jan. - Haarlem), Dutch apothecary and limnologist, who collected the type material of Alkmaria romijni Horst, 1919.

Lacking information about Romss in the tunicate name Didemnum romssae Jessica A.Marks, 1996.

The polyplacophoran name Leptochiton ronaldi P. Kaas & R. A. Van Belle, 1985 must be a tribute to Ronald Winckworth (q.v.), who originally had misidentified the species.

Prof. Dr. Guillaume Rondelet, (27 Sep. - Montpellier) 1507-1566 (30 July), French physician (M.D. in 1537) and natural researcher from Montpellier; friend of Rabelais; in 1554 he published a large well illustrated work in the spirit of Aristoteles about fishes and invertebrates from the Mediterranean Sea: "Libri de Piscibus marinis" [Calliactis rondeletii (Delle Chiaje, 1828), Sepiola rondeletii Leach, 1817, Hirundichthys rondeletii (Valenciennes, 1847), Dicyema rondeletiolae Nouvel, 1944, Cribrina rondeletii (Delle Chiaje, 1828), Rondeletiola Naef, 1921, Raja rondeleti Bougis, 1959].

The gastropod name Marginella roosevelti Bartsch & Rehder, 1939, the amphipod name Neomegamphopus roosevelti Shoemaker, 1942 (and possibly also the cephalopod name Octopus roosevelti Stuart, 1941) is likely a tribute to the president of the USA, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, (30 Jan. - Hyde Park, New York) 1882-1945 (12 Apr. - Warm Springs, Georgia), who at that time was popular after his actions against the depression.

Mrs. Lydia A. Van Roosmalen-De Caes, 19??-, from Zeist (Holland), one of editors of newsletter of Nederlandse Malacologische Vereniging [Setia lydiae Verduin, 1988].

The gastropod name Terebra roperi Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932 is possibly in honour of the US Sphaeridae researcher Edward Warren Roper, (12 Oct. - Revere, Mass.) 1858-1898 (31 Dec. - California, apparently from influenza, of which he had suffered a severe attack alredy in the end of 1893, and was attacked again during several winters), who is honoured in Fusus roperi W.H. Dall, 1898 and the land gastropod name Helix roperi Pilsbry, 1889. The US cephalopod researcher Dr. Clyde F.E. Roper, 1937-, at the Institute of Marine Science, Univ. of Miami (later Smithsonian Inst.), who started publishing during the 1960s, is of course too young to be the person honoured here [Loligo roperi Cohen, 1976, Benthoctopus clyderoperi O'Shea, 1999].

The diatom name Actinocyclus roperi (de Brébisson) Grunow in Van Heurck, 1881, must be a tribute to Freeman Clarke Samuel Roper, (23 Sep.) 1819-1896 (28 July), who collected much in Sussex.

The ascidian name Halocynthia roretzi (Drasche, 1884) is a tribute to Dr. Albrecht von Roretz, (19 Dec. - Wien) 1846-1884 (20 July - Obersievering), MD in Wien, an Austrian physician / biologist based in Japan from the end of 1874. (Peregrine Zubehor kindly provided this information).

The marine ecologist Prof. Dr. Joandomènec Ros i Aragonès, (Barcelona) 1946-, who achieved his PhD in 1973 at the Barcelona University, is honoured in the gastropod name Discodoris rosi Ortea, 1979.

Dr. Daniele Rosa, (29 Oct. - Susa) 1857-1944 (28 Apr. - Novi Ligure), PhD at Univ. of Turin in 1880, Italian zoologist, working on lumbricides, polychaetes and a strange evolution (and geographical distribution) theory, named hologenesis ("l'Ologenesi", Nuova teoria dell'evoluzione e della distribuzione geografica dei viventi, Firenze, Bemporad,1918), which in some ways, however, is slightly related to modern cladistics. Despite the female ending of the Callianassid name Lepidophthalmus rosae (Nobili, 1904), it may likely have been named for him.

Mr. José Rosado, (8 Feb. - Maputo) 1965-, discovered Charitodoron rosadoi Kilburn, 1995 [Glabella rosadoi Kilburn, 1994].

The hydroid name Distichopora rosalindae Cairns, 1986 is likely not an eponym, but named for Rosalind Bank, Honduras, the type locality.

Dr. Albrecht Roscher, (27 Aug. - Ottensen) 1836-1860 (19 or 20 Mar. - Hisonguny at Lake Malawi, - he and his companions were probably murdered while sleeping by slave traders, because he was a known anti-slavery person), geographer and explorer from Hamburg collected algae near Zanzibar in1859 as part of an expedition to East Africa and the Comoro Islands led by Baron Carl Claus von der Decken, (8 Aug. - Kotzen) 1833-1865 (2 Oct. - near Bardera, Somalia, where he and 3 other Europeans were murdered).

Mrs. Eva Roscoe, 19??-, who i.a. collected shells in Tuamotu in 1969, discovered Amalda roscoae Kilburn, 1975 first. She also donated the holotype of Fusiaphera eva Petit, 1980.

Prof. Arthur Maurice Rose, 1882-1969, Professor of Zoology in the Faculte des Sciences d'Alger from 1924. Although he had interests in general zooplankton and several marine groups, he was a prolific student of marine copepods, with ca. 75 publications. His 1933 monograph in the series "Faune de France" is still very useful. Rose's name is remembered through three species of copepods, including Esola rosei (Monard, 1926) and Peltidium rosei Monard, 1936. (Dr. David Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Rose-Cleland : (see Cleland).

The gastropod name Conus rosemaryae Petuch, 1990 was named for Ms. Rosemary Adams, 19??-, "of Sunnymead, California, who assisted Mr. James Ernest in the collection of the new Blasian species", but the W Australian cockle name Acrosterigma rosemariensis Wilson & Stevenson, 1977, must likely be named for another Rosemarie / Rosemary.

Baron Carl Benjamin Hermann von Rosenberg, (7 Apr. - Darmstadt, Preussia) 1817-1888 (15 Nov. - The Hague), worked in East India from 1840-71, at first as an enlisted common soldier in the Netherlands East Indian army, beeing a military surveyor until 1856, when he changed to civil service. He had collected zoological specimens extensively for a long time for different European museums when he in 1862 was appointed official in charge of the natural history study of the East Indies to make collections for the Leiden Museum. He retired because of bad health in 1871 and returned to Darmstadt, moving to The Hague after 1875. He published several books and papers on his travels and the ornithological results from them [Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879)].

The fish name Rosenblattichthys Johnson, 1974 is named after distinguished Scripps Institution of Oceanography ichthyologist Prof. Richard H. Rosenblatt, 1930-, as is also the flashlight fish Protoblepharon rosenblatti (Baldwin, Johnson, Paxton, 1997), the eastern Pacific puffer fish Sphoeroides rosenblatti (Walker and Bussing, 1996), the rockfish Sebastes rosenblatti Chen, 1971, the jawfish Opistognathus rosenblatti (Allen and Robertson, 1991) and the deep sea eel Monognathus rosenblatti (Bertelsen and Nielsen, 1987). Rosenblatt and his wife Glenda has created The Rosenblatt Lectureship at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. (The Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, Peter Brueggeman, kindly provided this information).

The gymnamoeba name Clydonella rosenfieldi Sawyer, 1975 was named in honour of Dr. Aaron Rosenfield, 19??-, National Marine Fisheries Service, former Director of the Oxford (Maryland) Laboratory.

Prof. Dr. Janus Lauritz Andreas Kolderup-Rosenvinge, (7 Nov. - København) 1858-1939 (18 June), Danish algae researcher [Rosenvingiella Silva, 1957, Pseudolithoderma rosenvingii (Waern) S. Lund, 1959, Rosenvingea Børgesen, 1914, Peyssonelia rosenvingii Schmitz in Rosenvinge, 1893].

Dr. Joseph P. Rosewater, (18 Sep.) 1928-1985 (22 Mar.), US museum curator, Smithsonian Institution, who achieved his PhD at Harvard Univ. in 1960. [Calliostoma rosewateri Clench & Turner, 1960, Cancellaria rosewateri Petit, 1983, Turbonilla rosewateri Corgan & van Aartsen, 1993, Tridacna rosewateri Sirenco & Scarlato, 1991, Monostiolum rosewateri Watters & Finlay, 1989, Clibanarius rosewateri Manning & Chase, 1990, Enotepteron rosewateri Gosliner, 1988, Periploma (Septentrioploma) rosewateri Bernard, 1989, Crenavolva rosewateri Cate, 1973].

Prof. Dr. Donald Murray Ross, (21 May - Sydney, Nova Scotia) 1914-1986 (13 Feb. - Univ. of Alberta Hospital), marine zoologist, who achieved his PhD at Cambridge University in 1941, who in 1961 arrived at the Univ. of Alberta, Canada, and was influential in the establishment of the Bamfield Marine Research Station on Vancouver Island in 1970.

Sir John Ross, (24 June - Barsalloch, Inch, Scotland) 1777-1856 (30 Aug. - London), British research navigator in the Arctic [Rossia Owen in Ross, 1835]. He wanted to command a new ship, but instead became appointed British consul in Stockholm between 1839-46, but took an own initiative and commanded the small "Felix" in 1850/51 backed up by the gin merchant Felix Booth, in search of the lost Franklin expedition in Barrow Strait; uncle of the rear admiral Sir James Clark Ross, (15 Apr. - London) 1800-62 (3 Apr. - Aylesbury), (from whom Ross Sea got its name). [Lycodes rossi Malmgren, 1864]

The cirripediologist (specializing in turtle barnacles) Arnold Ross, (26 Oct.) 1936-2006 (22 Dec. - Escondito, California), is honoured in the cirripedian names Catherinum rossi (Rao & Newman), Barbascalpellum rossi P.S. Young, 2001 - and several more (totally 10) taxon names, e.g. Arossia Newman, 1982, Arossella Anderson, 1993 (for Rossia Anderson, 1992 - preoccupied), Oxynaspis rossi Newman, 1972, Arcoscalpellum rossi Rao and Newman, 1972, Cryptophialus rossi Tomlinson, 1973, Calantica (Paracalantica) rossi Rosell, 1976, Tesseropora arnoldi Young, 1998. (An obituary by Newman Schram is available in Journal of Crustacean Biology 27(3): 521-524). (Dr. Bert W. Hoeksema kindly provided the information about the obituary).

The diatom name Navicula (Dickieia) rossii Salah, 1951 must honour either Ronald Ross, (likely identical to the British medical doctor Lieut.-Colonel Sir Ronald Ross, (13 May - Almora, India) 1857-1932 (16 Sep. - London), who in 1897 discovered malarial parasites in mosquitoes and later was awarded the Nobel prize for this), or Robert (Bob) Ross, 1912-2005, British collector, both working on algae.

Lacking information about Johann Ross, 19??-, in the diatom name Navicula johannrossii Giffen, 1967, but the author is South African and likely also this Ross.

Lacking information about Rossat in the Red Sea scaphopod name Dentalium rossati Caprotti, 1966, probably not an eponym, but named for Mar Rosso.

Admiral Élisabeth Paul Édouard de Rossel, (11 Sep. - Sens (Yonne)) 1765-1829 (20 Nov. - Paris), (Chevalier de Rossel) is honoured in the bryozoan name Mollia rosseli (Audouin, 1826), the type of Rosseliana Jullien, 1888. Together with Beautemps-Beaupré (q.v.) he published the "Voyage de Dentrecasteaux ...", a description of and travel report from Oceania, in 1808.

The cowry name Zoila rosselli Cotton, 1948 is honouring Harold Rossell, 1887-1953 (18 Feb.), collector of Freemantle, W Australia, who found the first specimens.

The decapod name Plesionika rossignoli Crosnier & Forest, 1968 must be a tribute to Dr. Martial Rossignol, 19??-, a French oceanographer.

Richard Collins Rossiter, (Hampshire?) 1841-1903, of New Caledonia, shell collector and kinsman of the author of Voluta rossiteri Brazier, 1897 [Chicoreus (Triplex) rossiteri (Crosse 1872)].

Prof. Emil Adolf Rossmaessler, (3 Mar. - Leipzig) 1806-1868 (8 Apr. - Leipzig), German Malacologist dealing mostly with non marine taxa.

Hendricus Marinus (Harry) van Rossum, 1928-2000, Dutch Malacologist.

Jean-Claude Rosso, 19??-, is honoured in the scaphopod name Cadulus (Cadulus) rossoi Nicklès, 1979.

Barbatia rostae Berry, 1954 is named for Miss Helen Rost, 19??-, of the Tromsö Museum, Norway. Likely she may be identical with the Norwegian born Dr. Helen Rost Martins, at the Univ. of the Azores, working on cephalopods and took part in the foundation of Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas da Universidade dos Açores in 1976.

Elling Rosted, (2 June - Bergen) 1720-1796 (1 Dec. - Tranøy), Norwegian priest and naturalist, who published on e.g. seals and sharks.

Dr. Roch Roszczak, (4 Aug.) 1906-1986 (13 May), Polish (Poznan) Gastrotrich taxonomist.

Dr. Emilia Rota, 195?-, Italian Enchytraeidae (and Lumbricidae) specialist from Universitá di Siena.

Prof. Michael Rotarides, (13 June) 1893-1950 (19 July - Budapest), Hungarian Malacologist.

Dr. Albrecht Wilhelm Roth, (6 Jan. - Dötlingen) 1757-1834 (16 Oct.), German physician and algologist [Rhodochorton rothii (Turton) Nägeli, 1862].

The polyplacophoran name Lepidozona rothi Ferreira, 1983, the bivalve Donax (Chion) caelatus rothi Coan, 1983 and the gastropod names Notoacmea rothi Lindberg & McLean, 1981 & Puncturella rothi McLaen, 1984 are honouring the Californian malacologist Dr. Barry Roth, 1942-, Editor-in-Chief of the Veliger. His namesake, the US arachnologist Vincent Daniel Roth, (12 Feb. - Portland, Oregon) 1924-1997 (27 July - Portal, Arizona), is honoured person in the marine collembola name Friesea rothi Christiansen & Bellinger, 1988 as well as in dozens of spider and insect names. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly supplied the information about the malacologist).

Rothlisberg : (see Pearcy).

Baron Maurice Edmond Charles de Rothschild, (19 May - Boulogne-Billancourt) 1881-1957 (4 Sep.), a French banker and senator during the third Republic, collected isopods in Ethiopia and English East Africa.

Lionel Walther Rothschild, (8 Feb.) 1868-1937 (27 Aug.), 2:nd Baron Rothschild (of Tring), British zoologist. He became somewhat of a dissapointment to his father when he not became a banker but a naturalist and collector. Politically he was liberal and MP between 1899-1910. He had kangaroos in his garden, a group of zebras before his wagon and several dogs used to share his meals. He founded the Rothschild Natural History Museum in London (now part of the Natural History Museum). Several different animals are named after him.

Dr. Raymond Rouch, 19??-, Fronton, France, published on S American harpacticoids in 1962 and is honoured in the copepod names Arenosetella rouchi Lang, 1965, Sigmatidium rouchi Kunz, 1975, Halectinosoma rouchi Soyer, 1973 and Nitocrellopsis rouchi Galassi, De Laurentiis1 & Dole-Olivier, 1999. He started publishing in the 1950s and has been doing so at least until 2000.

The cestodan name Chimaerarhynchus rougetae Beveridge & Campbell, 1989, must likely be a tribute to Dr. Yvonne Jeanne Campana Rouget, 19??-2010 (4 Aug. - Dijon), at Institut de Parasitologie, Paris, who began publishing during the 1950s.

Prof. Dr. Louis Roule, (20 Dec. - Marseilles) 1861-1942 (30 July - Versailles), French naturalist, who published much on fishes and also worked on Ascidians. Succeeded in 1910 Léon Vaillant (q.v.) at the chair of reptiles and fishes at the natural history museum in Paris [Mesothuria roulei (Koehler, 1896), Gobius roulei De Buen, 1928, Molgula roulei C. Monniot, 1970, Setosellina roulei Calvet, 1906, Ciona roulei ].

Ernest Nestor Roume, 1858-1941, "ancien Gouverneur général de l'A.O.F." (l'Afrique occidentale française), interested in natural science.

Casimir Roumeguère, (15 Aug. - Toulouse) 1828-1892 (29 Feb.), French botanist [Camarosporium roumeguerii Saccardo, 1880].

Prof. Frank Eric Round, 1927-, Univ. of Bristol, phycologist.

Lacking information about Roundston(e) in the ostracod name Roundstonia Neale, 1973, but possibly not an eponym, but perhaps named for Roundstone, Connemara, Ireland?

Sloman Rous, 1838-1907, South African / US Malacologist.

Dr. Greg(ory) William Rouse, (20 Sep.) 1961-, from Sydney, Australia, annelidologist who, together with Fauchald (q.v.), in 1997 published a cladistic analysis on the major groups of such worms, ending up in a much more modern systematics than before. A book on polychaetes - together with Pleijel (q.v.) - published in 2001, will presumably refine the classification of this group still more. Also his analysis of trochophorans published in 1999 has implications on the classification of major invertebrate taxa. Among polychaetes, he is especially interested in the Canalipalpata, particularly the Sabellida [Pseudofabriciola rousei Fitzhugh, 2002].

The myodocopidean name Eurypylus rousei (Darby 1965) may possibly be a tribute to Captain B. J. Rouse, 19??-, and crew of the R/V Kit Jones.

Lacking information about Roussae in the polychaete name Eunice roussaei Quatrefages, 1866.

The echinoid name Microcyphus rousseaui L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 may likely honour the name of the French botanical collector and malacologist Louis Rousseau, 1811-1874, at the Natural History Museum in Paris, who mostly collected in the Madagascar area (but also took part in other collecting expeditions, e.g. to Russia) and published on molluscs in 1854. He was also a pioneer photographer. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

The crab name Metasesarma rousseauxi (H. Milne Edwards, 1853) is despite the odd spelling of the species name likely also a tribute to the collector Louis Rousseau (see above), who collected type material on Zanzibar.

Dr. Charles Fréderic Rousselet, 1854-1921, published on Rotifera, e.g. the report from the Clare Island Survey [Encentrum rousseleti (Lie-Pettersen, 1905)].

Jean-Louis-Florent-Polydore Roux, (31 July - Marseille) 1792-1833 (12 Apr.), already as a child interested in natural history, gathering a huge insect collection, was in 1819 (after having had his advanced education for Latreille and Cuvier in Paris) appointed curator of the natural history collection of the city of Marseilles. In this position, he published a 2 volume work about birds and the "Crustacés de la Méditerranée et de son littoral", 1828-30, including 45 excellent coloured plates, which he himself had made. Painting (or marine painting) was another of his occupations. He was a friend (by letters) and admirerer of Risso (q.v.), who in 1826 named the copepod Pandarus rouxi after him. He also published on molluscs. In 1831 he followed Baron Karl Alexander Anselm von Hügel, (25 Apr. - Regensburg) 1795-1870 (2 June - Brussels, Belgium), who was travelling for the Austrian government, to Egypt and from there in 1832 to Bombay, where he later died during mysterious circumstances [Glycera rouxi Audouin & H. Milne-Edwards,1833, Parablennius rouxii (Cocco, 1833), likely Natica rouxi Nicklès, 1952, possibly Cypraea hirundo rouxi Ancey, 1882, possibly Monodaeus rouxi (Capart, 1951)].

J. Roux, who published on ciliates in the environments of Genève (Geneva) in 1899 and 1901 [Plagiocampa rouxi Kahl, 1926], must likely be identical with the Swiss zoologist and collector / explorer in New Caledonia Dr. Jean B. Roux, (5 Mar. - Genève) 1876-1939 (1 Dec.), and there found i.a. the cowry Bistolida hirundo rouxi (Ancey, 1882). He had become a Dr. in Geneva in 1899, spent his postdoc in Berlin and was employed at the Natural History Museum, Basel in 1902 and followed Hugo Merton (q.v.) on the Indonesian collection trip in 1907-09.

Prof. Dr. Charles Roux , 19??-, the laboratory of Ichthyology, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, must be the honoured person in the central E Atlantic skate name Raja rouxi Capapé, 1977 and the W African fish name Sardinella rouxi (Poll, 1953).

Row : (see Dendy).

Dr. Francis Winston Edric Rowe,19??-, Echinoderm worker from N Cornwall, who started his scientific career in the early 1960s. His PhD, however, dealt with sponges. He left Britain in 1974 for the Sydney museum in Australia, where he was one among the founders of the taxon Concentricycloidea (genus Xyloplax), but returned to Britain 15 years later for a new career as a kennel owner [Holothuria (Platyperona) rowei Pawson & Gust, 1981, Cucuvitrum rowei O'Loughlin & O'Hara, 1992, Dentalium rowei Lamprell & Healey, 1998, Roweothuria Thandar, 1988, Pseudocnus rowei ].

Mary Rowe, 19??-, British hydroid researcher at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.).

The cestodan name Grillotia rowei Campbell, 1977 is likely a tribute to Prof. Dr. Gilbert Thomas Rowe, (7 Feb. - Ames, Iowa) 1942-, Texas A&M University at Galveston.

The Rev. Joseph Rowell, (22 Apr. - Cornish, New Hampshire) 1820-1918 (5 June - San Francisco), US Malacologist, is honoured in the American gastropod name Cerithiopsis rowelli P. Bartsch, 1911.

The answer to who Roy is in the harpacticoid name Laophonte royi Jakubisiak, 1933 is not given in the published description, but Dr. David Damkaer, who kindly provided this information, has a 1936 Jakubisiak paper inscribed by him "A mon cher Ami J. Roy tres cordialment." This can ONLY be Dr. Charles Ernest Jean Roy, 1898-19??, French copepodologist publishing between 1922 and 1935. His Doctorate of Science (University of Paris 1932) was based on his thesis "Copepodes et Cladoceres de l'Ouest de la France." He was for a long time Prof. Agrégé de l'Universite, Asnières, Seine, France. Six other copepod species bear Roy's name.

Roy (in malacological names) : (see Roy Bell).

Johannes Royer, 1???-195? (obituary 1955), German Malacologist.

About the octocoral name Pacifigorgia rubinoffi Breedy & Guzman, 2003, the authors comment: "We dedicate this species to Dr. Ira Rubinoff," (New York City) 1938-, "who has been the Director of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) since 1973; his vision and combination of political skill and scientific knowledge has made STRI one of the world's best center for basic research in the tropics". He achieved his PhD at Harvard Univ. in 1964.

Dr. Federico Rubio, 19??-, from Valencia, Spanish malacologist [Turbonilla rubioi Penas & Rolan, 1997].

Dr. Giuseppe (Josef) Ruchinger, Sr., (17 Mar. - Schrobenhausen, Bayern) 1761-1847 (18 Mar.? - Venice), Austrian Botanist and Physician, is honoured in the red algal name Polysiphonia ruchingeri J. Agardh and the green algal name Cladophora ruchingeri (CC. Agardh) Kützing, 1845.

Dr. Yury (Jury) A. Rudjakov (Rudyakov), (11 Feb. - Moscow) 1938-, Graduated from the Moscow State University in 1960 and was given a position of junior scientist at the Institute of Oceanology, USSR Academy of Sciences (now P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences). He has published on taxonomy (mainly on crustaceans) and ecology (mainly on plankton) and is now (1999) working in Boston, USA. He is honoured in the ostracod name Sclerochilus rudjakovi Athersuch & Horne, 1987. (Dr. Rudjakov himself kindly supplied most of this information, after finding his name in this list).

Dr. Bill (William B.) Rudman, 194?-, malacologist, mainly interested in Opisthobranchs, at the Australian Museum, Sydney [Cadulus rudmani Lamprell & Healey, 1998, Phyllidiella rudmani Brunckhorst, 1993, Trapania rudmani Miller, 1981, Hypselodoris rudmani Gosliner & R.F. Johnson, 1999], but starting his career at the Dept. of Zoology, Univ. of Auckland, in his original country New Zealand during the 1960s and 1970s, then a disciple of Dr. Michael C. Miller, 19??-, the British researcher, who had moved to Auckland, New Zealand after his doctorate on Isle of Man Nudibranchs.

Rudo : (see von Cosel).

The name Nematoda is emanating from the 'classical' work "Enterozoorum Sive Vermium Intestinalium Historia Naturalis", 1808-10 by Prof. Dr. Karl Asmund Rudolphi, (14 July - Stockholm) 1771-1832 (29 Nov. - Berlin), (born in Stockholm by German parents), who in 1819 published his second big opus parasiticus "Synopsis", but eventually worked with a large physiological work. He had studied medicine in Greifswald, where he later was appointed professor af anatomy, eventually moving to Berlin, where he founded the Zoological Museum and stayed for the rest of his life. He considered himself a disciple of Pallas (q.v.), because he admired Pallas' work very much. Although dissecting several thousands of dead animals, he was of a sensible nature and would never do any vivisections [Contracaecum rudolphii Hartwich 1964, Rodolphitrema Travassos, 1924 rudolphi Travassos, 1924, Rudolphinus Stunkard, 1974, Schistomeringos rudolphi (delle Chiaje, 1828)]. The short form Nemata was introduced by the nematodologist Nathan Augustus Cobb, (30 June - Spencer, Massachusetts) 1859-1932 (4 June), to indicate phylum status [Cobbia de Man, 1907, Cobbionema Filipjev, 1922, Ionema cobbi (Steiner, 1916), Platycomopsis cobbii Ditlevsen, 1926, Oxystomina cobbi (Filipjev, 1927), Viscosia cobbi Filipjev, 1918, Tricoma cobbi (Timm, 1970), Siphonolaimus cobbi Riemann, 1966, Sabatieria cobbi Kreis, 1929, Contracaecum rudolphii Hartwich, 1964, Bathylaimus cobbi Filipjev, 1922, Quadricoma cobbi (Steiner, 1916), possibly Purpura rudolphi J. B. Lamarck, 1822] (Prof. Albina Gaevskaya, Sevastopol, kindly added a double eponym).

Lacking information about Rudy in the octocoral name Discophyton rudyi (Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992), but possibly a tribute to Prof. Em. Paul "Jerry" Rudy, 19??-, former Director of the Oregon Institute of Marine Biology.

Prof. Dr. George Roger LaRue, (1 Jan.) 1882-1967 (1 Aug.), US parasitologist, interested in life histories of digenetic trematodes.

Prof. Dr. Jan Rueness, 1938-, Norwegian macro algae researcher in Oslo.

R. Eugene Ruff, 19??-, from Puyallup, Washington, is interested in polychaetes.

Prof. Sandro Ruffo, (26 Aug. - Soave (Verona)) 1915-2010 (7 May - Verona), Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, is honoured in the halacarid name Anomalohalacarus ruffoi Morselli & Mari, 1979, in the isopod name Coxicerberus ruffoi Chappuis, 1953 (not marine but interstitial in fresh water around 100 km away from the Adriatic coast) and in the amphipod names Ampelisca ruffoi Bellan-Santini & Kaim-Malka, 1977, Normanion ruffoi Diviracco & Vader, 1988, Eriopisella ruffoi Marti & Villora-Moreno, 1996, Apherusa ruffoi Krapp-Schickel, 1969 and Globosolembos ruffoi (Myers, 1975), Ingolfiella ruffoi Siewing, 1958, Bathyporeiapus ruffoi Escofet, 1971, Iphimediella ruffoi Coleman, 1996, Podoprion ruffoi Lowry & Stoddart, 1996, Ruffojassa Vader & Myers, 1996, Parhyalella ruffoi Gable & Lazen, 2001, Glorandaniotes sandroi Berge & Vader, 2003, Onesimoides sandroi Lowry & Stoddart, 1996, Ruffohyale Bousfield & Hendrycks, 2002, Valettia ruffoi Serejo & Wakabara, 2003. Also the amphipod name Linguomaera caesaris Krapp-Schickel, 2003 is in part honouring Ruffo, "the caesar of amphipodologists". For many years he was director of Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Verona and was still working there almost dayly after retirement. Beside his work on amphipods, he has also published much on Chrysomelidae. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided some of this information).

Philip James Rufford, 1852-1902, British Malacologist.

The Italian paleo-malacologist Dr. Giuliano Ruggieri, (21 July) 1919-2002 (27 Apr.), is likely the honoured person in the ostracod names Cytheropteron ruggierii Pucci, 1955, Typhlocythere ruggieri Bonaduce, Ciampo & Masoli, 1976 and Semicytherura ruggierii (Pucci, 1956). (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida kindly provided this information).

Louis-François Rullier, 1907-1981, French polychaetologist, who succeded Fauvel (q.v.) [Onuphis rullieriana (Amoureux, 1977), Rullierinereis Pettibone, 1971, Perinereis rullieri Pilato, 1974, Auchenoplax rullieri Holthe, 1986].

The nematode name Pararaeolaimus rumohri Jensen, 1991 is named for the German marine geologist Dr. Jan Rumohr, 1939-, brother of the marine ecologist Dr. Heye Rumohr., (11 Mar. - Hamburg) 1947-,.

Georg Eberhard (Georgius Everhardus) Rumph(ius), (late Oct. or early Nov. - Wölfersheim, Preussia (in the vicinity of Frankfurt am Main)) 1627-1702 (15 June - Amboina), German-Dutch naturalist, son of an builder and engineer August Rumph, 1591?-1666 (and his wife Anna Elizabeth Keller, 1600?-1651), who earned money enough, that his son could get an education. After the education and after his mother's death, he became employed by the Dutch East India Company and worked for that company's miltary branch during a year, but then (in 1653) settled at the island of Amboina, in the Molluccas, working as a merchant for the company, spending the rest of his life there and became respected by the locals. (Beside Dutch, German, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Portuguese, Bahasa Indonesia, some Chinese, he also understood parts of other local languages like Bahasa Malayu, Ambonese and "several languages of the neighbouring islands"). Several of the names of organisms, which he introduced, were later re-used by other workers in binominal nomenclature. (E.g. Tellina gari Linnaeus, 1758 and the genus Gari Schumacher, 1817, both emanating from Rumph, he likely got from the Raga language at Pentecost Island among the New Hebrides, where raga is meaning cockle). He was named Plinius Indicus because of all things he had learned. He sorrily became blind from glaucoma in 1670 (so another of his names became "the blind seer") and his first wife? / female companion Susanna (after whom he named an orchid of much beauty; it is not known wheather she was Dutch, Eurasian or Chinese), with whom he had a son (Paul August) and 2 or 3 daughters. Susanna and two of their children, at least their youngest daughter, were killed in the large earthquake in 1674 (the son Paul August survived and later helped his father, when he could not see any more), but Rumphius remarried and was after that forced to be helped in his research and writings by his new wife Isabella Ros, a captain's widow, but she died in 1689 and after that he lived as a widower. [Entemnotrochus rumphii (Schepman, 1879), likely Rumphelia Bayer, 1955].

Dr. Norman William Runham, 1935-1998, British (Bangor) Malacologist.

Lacking information about Runtz in the harpacticoid name Kliopsyllus runtzi Soyer, 1975, but possibly a tribute to Michael Runtz, 19??-, who has published on limnic copepods?

The amphipod name Amphilochus ruperti Moore, 1988 is honouring Rupert Moore, 1974-, the eldest son of the author, Prof. Geoff Moore, University Marine Biological Station Millport.

Ruppell : (see Rüppell).

Prof. Edward E. Ruppert, 1946-, US (Biological Sciences, Clemson University, South Carolina) invertebrate zoologist, who i.a. has published on gastrotrichs [Ichthydium rupperti Mock, 1979].

The marine / estuarine plant genus Ruppia Linnaeus, 1753 is in honour of the German botanist Heinrich Bernard Rupp(ius), (22 Aug. - Gießen) 1688-1719 (7 Mar. - Jena), who was an early correspondent of Linnaeus.

Lacking information about Rusanov in the amphipod name Tryphosella rusanovi Goës, 1866.

Lacking information about Rusanova in the amphipod name Acanthonotozoma rusanovae Bryazgin, 1974.

The US Dr. William Samuel Waithman Ruschenberger, (4 Sep. - Cumberland County , New Jersey) 1807-1895 (24 Mar. - Philadelphia), a physician, collected i.a. fishes in the Rio de Janeiro and Panama City areas during the 1850s, which ended up in Philadelphia,

Dr. William H. Rush, 18??-1918 (26 Apr. - Ardmore, Pa), of the U.S. Navy [Epitonium rushii (Dall, 1889), Mathilda rushii Dall, 1925, Seguenzia rushi Dall, 1925, Pyrunculus rushi Dall, 1925, Triphora ruschii (Dall, 1889), Aclis rushi Bartsch, 1911, Colus rushii (Dall, 1889), Fusinus alcimus rushii (Dall, 1889), Terebra rushii Dall, 1889, Umbraculum rushii Dall, 1889, Gadila rushii Pilsbry & Sharp, 1898, Urosalpinx rushii H. A. Pilsbry, 1897, Asthenothaerus rushii H. A. Pilsbry, 1897]. He was M.D. and a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (where the earliest letter from him in their archives is dated April 30 1872). He coauthored an article with Dr. Henry A. Pilsbry in which it was stated that he was serving on the U. S. S. Yantic, which gave him the opportunity to collect mollusks in Uruguay. A person named so was born 6 Apr. 1853 in Monroe Co., Kentucky, but it is of course possible that this was another person. Should not be confused withthe medical Dr. Raymond C. Rush, 1875-1954, who collected US land and fresh water snails. (Dr. Gary Rosenberg kindly provided the information about W.H. Rush).

Sir Dr. h.c. Frederick Stratten Russell, FRS, (3 Nov. - Bridport, Dorset) 1897-1984 (5 June), British marine biologist; working on medusozoans and juvenile fish. For some years (1945-65) he was director of the Plymouth Laboratory [Russellia Kramp, 1957, Thamnostoma russelli Rees, 1938, Octotiara russeli Kramp, 1953, Favites russelli (Wells, 1954), possibly Zschokkella russelli Tripathi, 1948, Acropora russelli Wallace, 1994, Callionymus russelli Johnson, 1976].

Dr. Henry Drummond Russell, 1908-1987, US malacologist, publishing at least during the 1940s.

The gastropod name Terebra russoi Aubry, 1993 is in honour of Dr. Salvatore Russo, "who, many years ago, passed to me some of his passion for conchology" He may possibly be identical with Prof. Dr. Salvatore F. Russo, (6 Feb. - Hartford, Connecticut) 1938-, teacher and scholar of physical biochemistry. The zoologist Giuseppe Russo, 1897-1972. is a namesake.

Mr.(Försteamanuensis) Ditlef Pentz Smith Rustad, (Madagascar, where his parents were missionaries) 1902-1993, Director of the Biological Station at Trondheim, Norway. On an expedition to the Southern Ice Sea, he shared cabin with the oceanographer Prof. Haakon Mosby, (10 July - Kristiansand) 1903-1989 (18 Oct. - Bergen). In Cape Town he had to buy a mandoline, which he used in self defence against Mosby's violin playing. Rustad was for a while working together with Professor E. Sivertsen (q.v.) in a fisheries project in the Trondheim area and they had made a well in a motor boat in order to transport fish alive. When testing this equipment, everything went well as long as the speed of the boat was slow, but when the speed was raised, the sea water gushed forth from the well into the boat like smoke from a chimney. To the amusement of the people along the quays, both the professor and his coworker landed in the sea, when the boat was filled with water [Stephos rustadi Strömgren, 1969]. (Dr. T. Brattegard kindly provided the anecdotes as well as Rustad's background).

Regarding the nudibranch name Hypselodoris ruthae Marcus & Hughes, 1974: "This species is named after Ruth Hughes, born April 22, 1971." [Presumably the daughter (or granddaughter) of the coauthor (H. P. I. Hughes) of the article.]. (Dr. Gary McDonald, Santa Cruz, California kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Ruth in the gastropod name Attiliosa ruthae Houart, 1996 from the Philippines.

Lorraine Rutherford, 19??-, of Rockhampton, Australia, collected material for the author of Primovula rutherfordiana Cate, 1973.

Lacking information about Dr. J. Rutllant in the decapod name Munida rutilanti Zariquiey-Alvarez, 1952. Rutilant collected in Melilla, Spanish Morocco around 1945.

The gastropod name Personopsis rutoti (Vincent, 1930), is likely honouring the Belgian engineer, achaeologist and tertiary palaeontologist Aimé-Louis Rutot, (6 Aug. - Mons) 1847-1933 (3 Apr. - Bruxelles).

Prof. Johan Tidemand Ruud, (27 June) 1903-1970 (2 Sep.), Norwegian marine biologist and Rector Macnificus of Univ. of Oslo between 1958-1963. [Tetrabothius ruudi Nybelin, 1928].

Professor Vasily Ermolaevich Ruzhencev, (4 Apr.) 1899-1978 (12 Oct. - Moscow), one of the most accomplished ammonoid workers of all time, and a pioneer and major contributor in the fields of paleobiology and Late Paleozoic biostratigraphy. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi -Savelli kindly provided this information and also provided the photo).

Peter Ryall, 19??-, malacologist from Takoradi (Ghana) [Turbonilla ryalli Penas & Rolan, 1997, Hexaplex saharicus ryalli Houart, 1993].

Baron Philippe Louis François Adrien de Bounam de Ryckholt, 1???-1874, Belgian Malacologist.

The Indo-Pacific crab name Ocypode ryderi Kingsley, 1880 may likely be a tribute to the zoologist Prof. Dr. John Adam Ryder, (29 Feb. - near Loudon, Franklin County, Pennsylvania) 1852-1895 (26 Mar.), Philadelphia, who was a very celebrated embryologist.

The Cape Verde gastropod name Alvania rykeli Hoenselaar & Goud, 1998 is in honour of Rykel de Bruyne, (29 June) 1962-, Amsterdam, author of several books about gastropods.

The British bryozoologist Prof. Dr. John Stanley Ryland, 1933-, is honoured in the bryozooan names Callopora rylandi Bobin & Prenant, 1965, Parachnoidea rylandi d'Hondt, 1979, Escharella rylandi Geraci, 1994 and Haywardipora rylandi Soule, Soule & Chaney, 1995.

Vjatscheslav (Vyacheslav) Mikailovich Rylov, 1889-1942, was Soviet Russia's supreme copepodologist, publishing a great number of papers starting in 1914. He was associated with the Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences and the hydrographical studies at the University of Leningrad. Like his student Smirnov (q.v.), Rylov died in the terrible siege of Leningrad in World War II. He had 14 copepod species named for him as well as the copepod genera Rylovia Markevich, 1940 (poecilostome) and Ryloviella Borutzky, 1930 (harpacticoid). [Hippomedon rylovi Gurjanova, 1933]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Ryo in the copepod name Ryocalanus Tanaka, 1956 : (see Otohiko Tanaka).

Ryosuke in the gastropod name Chicoreus (Triplex) ryosukei Shikama, 1978 : (see Kawamura).

Prof. Wilhelm Peter Simon Eduard Rüppell, (20 Nov. - Frankfurt am M;ain) 1793-1884 (10 Dec.), was a businessman, very interested in natural history, who undertook several collecting expeditions to Egypt, other Arabic countries and Ethiopia. When returning to Frankfurt, where he lived until he died, he then began the publications of the zoological results of his expeditions, and kept doing this until 1858 [Arnoglossus rueppelli (Cocco, 1844), Rueppellisoma Stephen & Edmonds, 1972, Phascolosoma (Rueppellisoma) rueppellii Grube, 1868, Diodora ruppellii G.B. Sowerby I, 1835, Sphenia rueppelli A. Adams, 1850, Fryeria rueppelii Bergh, 1869].

Dr. Klaus Rützler, 1936-, is curator of the Porifera collection of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution), Washington. He is also director of the Smithsonian Carrie Bow Key Reef and Mangrove Program in Belize. He coauthored the "Atlas of Sponge Morphology" (with Louis de Vos, Jean Vacelet (q.v.) and Nicole Boury-Esnault (q.v.)) and the "Thesaurus of Sponge Morphology" (co-editor with Nicole Boury-Esnault) [Halichondria ruetzleri Van Soest & Stentoft, 1988, Ulosa ruetzleri Wiedenmayer, 1977, Aka ruetzleri Calcinai, Cerrano & Bavestrello, 2007]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Nikolai Nikolaevich Ryzhinov, 1912-, Russian helminthologist.

Dr. Alexander (Sasha) Vladimirovich Rzhavsky, 1959-, Russian zoologist, specialized in Serpulidae (Spirorbinae), graduated in Moscow in 1982, after that time working in Kamchatka (PhD in 1987) until 1997, after that in the Severtsov Inst. of Ecology & Evolution in Moscow [Filogranula rzhavski Kupriyanova, 1993, Proceraea rzhavskyi Britayev & San Martin, 2001].

The gastropod name Conus roeckeli Rolán, 1980 is in honour of Dieter Röckel, (3 Mar. - Eberbach, close to Heidelberg) 1922-, German malacologist, specialized in Conidae, who from around 1970 became interested in shells and then continued.

Peter [Poles] Friedrich Röding, (17 June) 1767-1846 (8 June), introduced many well-known molluscan names in the mollusc part of "Museum Boltenianum", which was published in Hamburg in 1798 (2 years after the decease of Bolten (q.v.)). He evidently lived in Hamburg, but was he German? or Danish? (types in Zoological Museum, København)? He is presented as a "Kaufman & Konstfreund" (merchant & friend of art) in Hamburg..

Ulrik Røen, (15 Apr.) 1925-1997 (9 Feb.), copepodologist and crustacean curator at the Natural History Museum in København (Copenhagen). Ffrom 1952 to 1994 he published papers dealing mainly with freshwater fauna of Denmark and Greenland (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly supplied some of this information).

Dr. Eduard Römer, 1819-1874, German malacologist, who achieved his dissertation in Marburg in 1857 [Molgula roemeri Hartmeyer, 1903, Munna roemeri Gurjanova, 1930, Phippsia roemeri Schellenberg, 1925, Phorbas roemeri (Hentschel, 1929), Donax variabilis roemeri Philippi, 1849]. An older namesake is the Swiss botanist and entomologist Prof. Johann Jacob Römer, (8 Jan. - Zürich) 1763-1819 (15 Jan.), and another German Geologist / Malacologist with a similar - if not identical name - was Prof. Dr. Carl Ferdinand von Roemer, (5 Jan.) 1818-1891 (14 Dec. - Breslau), younger brother of the geologist Prof. Friedrich Adolph Roemer, (15 Apr. - Hildesheim) 1809-1869 (25 Nov. - Clausthal).

Peder A. Rønnestad, 1879-1949, Norwegian fisheries ships developer.

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