Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. A

Dr. Jacobus Johannes van Aartsen, (17 Jan., St. Laurens, Zeeland) 1936-, studied Chemical Enginering at the Delft Technical University. He worked as head of the Corporate Research Department for Physical Chemistry of the AKZO Company. He is interested in the study of marine molluscs at least since 1956 when he became a member of the Dutch Malacological Society. He specialized himself in European micro-molluscs and in some families (Rissoidae, Turridae, Pyramidellidae) in particular. For his malacological studies he works in close association with the National Natural History Museum "Naturalis" in Leiden. The following marine mollusca have been named after him: Aartsenia Warén, 1991, Cingula aartseni Verduin, 1984, Setia aartseni Verduin, 1984, Rissoa aartseni Verduin, 1985, Alvania aartseni Verduin, 1986, Odostomia aartseni Nofroni, 1988, Mathilda vanaartseni de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Turbonilla aartseni Schander, 1994 and Polemicella aartseni Robba, Di Gerronimo, Chaimanee, Negri & Sanfilippo, 2003. The specific name aartseni used in Entomology are honouring the Dutch entomologist Leendert Izaak Pieter (Bob) van Aartsen, (15 May) 1920-2007 (1 July). (Curator Henk K. Mienis, Tel Aviv & Jerusalem, kindly provided most of this information).

Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, (3 Jan.) 1810-1897 (19 Mar.), famous French explorer of Etiopia (together with his brother Arnaud Michel d'Abbadie, 1815-1893) where Abbadia Bourguignat, 1883 & Helix abbadiana Bourguignat, 1883 was discovered.

Prof. Donald Putnam Abbott, (Chicago) 1920-1986 (18 Jan. (cancer) - Honolulu), U.S. invertebrate (mainly, ascidians and echinoderms) researcher at the Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, from where he retired in 1982 and moved to his wife in Hawaii [Enteropsis abbotti Illg & Dudley, 1980, Hastigerella abbotti Lang, 1965, Coxicerberus abbotti (Lang, 1960)].

Dr. Robert Tucker Abbott, (22 Sep - Watertown, Mass.) 1919-95 (3 Nov. - Sanibel, Florida), mollusc researcher, grown up first in Watertown, Massachusetts, then in Montreal (but spent childhood summer months at Bermudas, where a brother of his mother, Col. Richard Tucker, was director of the Bermuda Biol. Station), became a student of William (Bill) James Clench (q.v.) at Harvard. This couple started the journal "Johnsonia", devoted to western Atlantic molluscs, in 1941. After the WWII, he became Assistant Curator and Associate Curator at the Smithsonian (1944-54) while completing his PhD at George Washington University and also married a colleague malacologist, Mary, in Feb. 1946. During these years he wrote the first edition of "American Seashells". Between 1954-69 he was in Philadelphia at the Academy of Natural Sciences, where he was Chairman of the Department of Mollusks at the prestigious Pilsbry Chair of Malacology. (After being a widower in 1964 he married again to Sue Sweeney Darwin in 1966, but divorced in 1974 and married Cecelia White in the spring of 1977; he got one son and two daughters with his first wife). There he initiated a series of shelling expeditions to the Indo-Pacific region, launched his own journal, "Indo-Pacific Mollusca", became an editor of "The Nautilus", and remained on the editorial staff of "Johnsonia", began to write, edit and publish. In 1969 he moved on to the Delaware Museum and the duPont Chair of Malacology, heading the Department of Mollusks, and becoming Assistant Director. He continued editing "Indo-Pacific Mollusca", became editor-in-chief of "The Nautilus" (1971), and completely revised and rewrote "American Seashells". In 1976 he left the Delaware Museum in hands of his old friend, Russ Jensen (q.v.), an amateur to whom he'd imparted his passion for shells, and whom he'd introduced to the museum and trained. Tucker "retired" to Melbourne, Florida, got the nickname "Mr. Seashell," Guru of the Shell World, but became intimately involved with the Conchologists of America, and he took on the building of the Sanibel Museum (formally opened 2 weeks after his decease), while continuing editing "The Nautilus" and producing books. He was a kind of bridge between professional malacologists and amateurs. At the time of his decease he lived on Sanibel Island, Florida [Opalia abbotti Clench & Turner, 1952, Volvarina abbotti de Jong & Coomans, 1988, Conus abbotti Clench, 1942, Odostomia abbotti Olsson & McGinty, 1958]. His first spouse Mary M. Abbott (née Sisler), 19??-1964, was also an interested malacologist.

Dr. William Louis Abbott, (23 Feb. - Philadelphia) 1860-1936 (2 Apr. - Northeast), student (from USA) of the fauna of the Indo-Malayan region, using his Singapore based ship "Terrapin", making large collections of mammals from central and southeast Asia for the Smithsonian. He also made ethnologiccal collections in East Africa and herpetological collections in Haiti [Antedon abbotti Clark, 1907].

Dracoderes abei Higgins & Shirayama, 1990 is honouring Yoshio Abe, 1891?-1960?, who was the first Japanese to study and publish on kinorhynchs (in 1930). He had published on the extinct Japanese wolf and also translated Darwin's "The variation of animals and plants under domestication" to Japanese, published in 1937. A namesake is the opisthobranch researcher Takeo Abe, 1909-1978, and still other namesakes are the Japanese marine biologist Tokiharu Abe, (3 Apr. - Tokyo) 1911-1996 (9 Aug. - Tokyo), who mainly was an ichthyologist and the Japanese malacologist Mr. Chicaichi Abe, 1908-1993.

The nematode name Bolbolaimus abebei Muthumbi & Vincx, 1999 is in honour of Dr. Eyalem Abebe, 19??-, of Ethiopia.

Alexander Abercrombie, (10 Dec.) 1849-1926 (12 May - Cheltenham), UK (Manchester) malacologist, who served for some years as a merchant in Bombay, India, where he also collected shells, publishing about them i.a. together with Melvill (q.v.). He was the son of the MD John Abercrombie of Cheltenham and his wife Louisa. A. Abercrombie married in 1886 in India to Emily Constance, (10 Dec.) 1852-1933? (5 Feb. - London), a daughter of Col. George Henry Robertson, an officer in India, and the couple had at least four daughters, Ivy, Eileen. Kathleen and Beryl.

The monogenean name Caballerocotyla abidjani Bussieras & Baudin-Laurencin, 1970 is likely not in honour of a person, but perhaps referring to the port Abidjan in Cote d'Ivoire in western Africa, where there is a shell market, where one can buy shells dredged by fishermen [Martin C. Cadee, The Netherlands, kindly suggested this toponym explanation].

Abildgaard : (see O.F. Müller).

Lacking information about Abrard in the gastropod name Turbonilla abrardi Fischer-Piette & Nicklès, 1946. Likely the honoured person may be the French geologist René Abrard, (25 June) 1892-1973 (27 Jan.), who was professor at the MNHN in Paris between 1941-62 and published on African pleistocene mollusks..

The Red Sea cephalopod name Uroteuthis abulati (W. Adam, 1955) is likely not named for a person, but for the Abulat Island in the Red Sea. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

The western central Atlantic skate name Raja ackleyi Garman, 1881, was in honour of lieut. Seth Mitchell Ackley, (13 Oct. - Nantucket, MA) 1845-1908 (8 Feb. -Washington, D.C.), U.S.N., later rear admiral. (David Hollombe kindly provided this information).

Dr. William Adam, 1909-1988, Belgian malacologist (working much on cephalopods) at IRSN [Testudovolva adamiana Cate, 1973, Pholidoteuthis adami Voss, 1956, Conus adami Wils, 1988, likely Conorbis adamii Bozzetti, 1994, Sepia adami Roeleveld, 1972, Octopus adamsi Benham, 1944].

About the Indian Ocean sea star name Zoroaster adami Koehler, 1909, the author told: "Je dédie cette espèce à mon excellent ami, le Dr. Aloyse Adam", but did not mention if Dr. Adam lived in Lyon, like Koehler, or somewhere else.

Arthur Adams, (Gosport, Hampshire) 1820-1878 (16 Oct. - Gosport), diligent English writer within conchology [Finella adamsi (Dall, 1889), Arcopsis adamsi (Dall, 1886), Hinnites adamsi Dall, 1886, Brachidontes adamsianus (Dunker, 1857), Nucinella adamsi (Dall, 1898), likely Natica adamsiana R. W. Dunker, 1860, possibly Octopus adamsi Benham, 1944, possibly Zebrida adamsi White, 1847], partly working together with his brother Dr. Henry Adams, (Gosport, Hampshire) 1813-1877 (Gosport). A. Adams was ship's doctor on board H.M.S. "Actaeon" during a trip in the Japan Sea, Korea and China, in company with "Samarang", but had much time to use a dredge and collect mollusks, later descibed in publications between 1860-70.

Charles Baker Adams, (11 Jan. - Dorchester, Massachusetts) 1814-1853 (18 Jan. - Virgin Islands, from yellow fever, or possibly malaria), U.S. geologist, curator at the Amherst College, Massachusetts, who wrote some conchological papers. [Crassispira adamsi de Jong & Coomans, 1988, likely Seila adamsi (H.C. Lea, 1845), possibly Macromphalina adamsii (Fischer, 1857), Tricolia adamsi (Philippi, 1853), possibly Pyramidella adamsi Carpenter, 1864, likely Cerithiopsis adamsi P. Bartsch, 1911, Pacifigorgia adamsii (Verrill, 1868)]. An US malacological namesake was Charles Christopher Adams, 1873-1955, who did mainly work on terrestrial items.

John Adams, 17??-1798 (21 Feb. - drowned off Pembrokshire), FLS, Published scientific papers in 1771, 1787 and 1797 and became a correspondent of James Edward Smith (see Linnaeus). In his last work from 1800 he described some marine invertebrates from Pembrokeshire, i.a. Actinia maculata, now in gen. Adamsia Forbes, 1840. In this work the author of the manuscript which was submitted January 14, 1798 is cited as "By the late John Adams, Esq. F.L.S.". (Stefano Palazzi (q.v.) kindly commented on the text above, saying: "I'm inclined to think that he was a relative of George Adams jr. (Southampton 1750-1795 (14 Aug.)), author of the "Essay on the Microscope" where several new taxa were described (1st ed. 1787, 2nd 1798, the latter cared by Kanmacher)"). George Adams was together with his younger brother Dudley, 1762-1830, a mathematical instrument-maker, politically a staunch tory and therefore well seen at court, where he worked for George III. They were sons of Geerge Adams sr., 1720? (or 1709?)-1773, born in Southampton, who had the same professon. (John R. Millburn 2000 "Adams of Fleet Street: Instrument Makers to King George III" is describing the family history, but not seen by the compiler). (The only FLS by the name of Adams, mentioned in the first Transactions of the Linnean Society is George Adams of Fleet Street, so John was not an original fellow). There was a man named John Adams, 1769-98, the son of John Phillips Adams, fl. 1741-1833, grandson of William Adams, 1717-70 and grand grandson of another William Adams, 1695-1745, all connected with Holyland, St. Michael, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, who possibly - but not likely, because in that case at least the work from 1771 must be written by a namesake - may be identical with our invertebrate worker. This John Adams married to Sophia Holcombe in 1795 and they got a son, also named John Adams, 1796-1873, who lived at Lydstep House, Manorbier, Pembrokeshire and married in 1828 and got 5 own children. The naturalist John Adams described many of his animals from Milford Haven or Tenby, so likely he lived in one of these places or at least in the southern part of Pembrokeshire.

The gastropods Conus adamsonii W. J. Broderip, 1836 and Porphyrodaphe adamsonii (Gray) was named for the British Portuguese scolar and shell collector John Adamson, (13 Sep. - Gateshead) 1787-1855 (27 Sep.), of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Martin L. Adamson, 19??-, Canadian? parasitologist, working in Paris.

Lacking information about Adanon in the gastropod name Rioselleolis adanoni Ortea, 1979.

Michel Adanson, (7 Apr. - Aix-en-Provence) 1727-1806 (3 Aug. - Paris), French naturalist of Scottish origin, mainly working with the fauna and flora of Africa, especially that of Senegal. He was influenced by Buffon (q.v.) and he introduced the word family for closely related genera [Acanthochitona adansoni De Rochebrune, 1881, Gibbula adansonii Payraudeau, 1826, Cerithium adansonii Bruguière, 1792, Natica adansoni de Blainville, 1825, Columbella adansoni Menke, 1853, Perotrochus adansonianus (Crosse & Fischer, 1861), Lasaea adansoni (Gmelin, 1791), Tagelus adansonii (Bosc, 1801), Conus adansonii J. B. Lamarck, 1810].

Dr. Warren Oliver Addicott, (17 Feb.) 1930-2009 (11 July), US paleontologist and paleoconchologist. Adjunct Professor of Geology. BA, 1951, Pomona College; MA, 1952, Stanford University; PhD, 1956, University of California. From 1990 on the staff of Southern Oregon University.

Addison : (see Verrill under Bush).

Lacking information about Adele in the gastropod names Calliostoma adelae Schwengel, 1951 and Olivella adelae Olsson, 1956.

Lacking information about Adelina in the gastropod name Anachis adelinae (Tryon, 1883).

Johannes Pius Hermanus Maria Adema (21 Nov.) 1950-, Dutch biologist, who has published on crabs.

Dr. Robert Douglas Adlard, (Shanklin, Isle of Wight, England) 1955-, Australian parasitologist, who followed his parents and family to Australia in 1965, at the Museum in Brisbane, is honoured in the parasitic names Lepostrema adlardi Bray & Cribb, 1993, Acanthoplacatus adlardi Ernest, 2001 & Acanthobothrium adlardi Campbell & Beveridge, 2002.

Lacking information about Adolf in the fish name Lycodes adolfi Nielsen & Fosså, 1993, but likely the honoured person may be Prof. Adolf S. Jensen (q.v.), who i.a. conducted investigations on Greenland fish species..

Lacking information about Adrian in the green algal name Chaetomorpha adriani Feldmann.

Lacking information about Adrian in the echinoderm name Anthometra adriani (F. Jeffr. Bell).

Dr. h.c. Lars Fredrik Afzelius, (19 June) 1936-2001 (7 June), former director of the Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratoy. His research concerned bryzoans, but his main work was his teaching and his care for the marine station and its staff. He was a source of inspiration for many disciples and young marine scientists and the new research laboratory part at TMBL finished in spring 2004 is named "Lars Afzelius Laboratory" after him [Liostomia afzelii Warén, 1991].

Professor Carl Adolph Agardh, (23 Jan. - Båstad) 1785-1859 (28 Jan. - Karlstad), Swedish botanist, mathematician, national economist, member of the parlament from 1817 (although he was somewhat impulsive and believed in faithfullness to ideas rather than to a political party), Rector Magnificus of Lund University in 1819-20, initiated "Akademiska Föreningen" (the Academic Society) in Lund in 1930, clergyman (a rather conservative bishop in Karlstad in 1835) and member of the Swedish Academy - although conservative as a clergyman, he worked for women rights in society and their possibilities to make business [Leibleinia agardhii Gomont, Planktothrix agardhii (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek]. His education took place at the university of Lund and as a botanist he devoted his studies to the algae, as did his son Professor Jacob Georg Agardh, (8 Dec.) 1813-1901 (17 Jan.), who was appointed professor of botany in Lund from 1854 and also devoted his studies to the algae. His main work "Species, genera et ordines algarum" in 3 volumes arrived 1848-1901. Like his father he was interested in economy, became Rector Magnificus of Lund University 1862-63 (after having been chairman of "Akademiska Föreningen" in 1860) and was member of the parlament from 1862/63. He was also the main initiator of the Botanical Garden in Lund [Helminthocladia agardhiana Dixon, 1962].

Prof. Alexander Emmanuel Rodolphe Agassiz, (17 Dec. - Neuchatel, Switzerland) 1835-1910 (27 Mar. - died at sea onboard S/S Adriatic) [Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867), Plutonaster agassizi (Verrill, 1880), Echinus alexandri Danielssen & Koren, 1883, Paelopatides agassizi Théel, Chrysogorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1883), Alexandromenia agassizi Heath,1911, Actinopyga agassizii (Selenka), Ampelisca agassizi (Judd, 1896), Solenocera agassizii Faxon, 1893, Nephropsis agassizi A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, Coutiera agassizi (Coutière, 1901), Anacalliax agassizi (Biffar, 1971), ?Thamnostoma alexandri (Mayer, 1904), Timoides agassizi Bigelow, 1904, Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii Keferstein, 1867, Dionchus agassizi Goto, 1899, Colobomatus agassizi (Richiardi, 1877), Galathea agassizii A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, Gymnobela agassizi Verrill & Smith, 1980, Opisthoteuthis agassizi Verrill, 1883, Pylocheles (Pylocheles) agassizii A. Milne Edwards, 1880, Cocculina agassizi Dall, 1908, Bartschia agassizi (Clench & Aguayo, 1941), Agatrix agassizii (Dall, 1889), Borsonella agassizi (Dall, 1908), Pleurotomella agassizii Verrill & Smith, 1880, Pleurobranchaea agassizii Bergh, 1897, Glossodoris agassizi (Bergh, 1894), Dentalium agassizi Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897, Gadila agassizii (Dall, 1881), Meiocardia agassizii Dall, 1889, Mastigoteuthis agassizii Verrill, 1881, Berthella agassizii (MacFarland, 1909), Ophidiaster alexandri Verrill, 1915, Rosaster alexandri (Perrier, 1881), Chuniella agassizi (Bürger, 1909), Astrotoma agassizi Lyman, Cyphastrea agassizi (Vaughan, 1907), Platynereis agassizi (Ehlers), Rosaster alexandri (Perrier, 1881) Perrier, 1894, Munidopsis agassizi Faxon, 1893, Rioraja agassizii (Müller & Henle, 1841), Leptochilichthys agassizii Garman, 1899, Callionymus agassizii Goode & Bean, 1888, Neolithodes agassizii (Smith, 1882), Pyrostremma agassizi (Ritter & Byxbee, 1905), Siphonogorgia agassizii Deichmann, 1936, Pacifigorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1864), Siphonogorgia alexandri Nutting, 1908], son of Prof. Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz, (28 May - Motier-en-Vuly, Switzerland) 1807-73 (14 Dec. - Cambridge, Mass.), Naturalist, born in the neighbourhood of Freiburg, Switzerland by French parents, (ichthyologist, echinoderm monographer and anti-Darwinist) [Phascolosoma agassizii Keferstein, 1867, Polydora agassizi Claparède, 1969, Linvillea agassizi (McCrady, 1857), Aglauropsis agassizi Fr. Müller, 1865, Deltocyathus agassizii De Pourtalès, 1867, possibly Steganodermatoides agassizi (Campbell, 1975), Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte, 1840]. Louis studied first in Germany at several universities, where i.a. Oken (q.v.) was one of his teachers. Later he stayed a time in Paris, where he was influenced by Cuvier (q.v.) and von Humboldt (q.v.). Between 1832-46 he was professor in Neuchâtel. He and his family (and some of Louis' disciples) then immigrated into the USA, where Louis became professor at the Harvard University, where he worked as zoologist and geologist and in 1850 married Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz (née Cary), (5 Dec. - Boston) 1822-1907 (27 June), who often took part in her husband's collecting expeditions. His son succeded him, after taking degrees in 1857 in engeneering and natural history at Harward, then helping his father for a few years. However, between 1863-68 he worked as mining engineer, beginning to become a wealthy man, but evidently also an unhappy man, i.a. because his wife died the same year as his father did, and grief is thought to - at least partly - have driven his extensive research travels during the coming three and a half decades [possibly (despite the male ending) Leptogorgia caryi Verrill, 1868]. (Louis Agassiz - more)

The diatom name Navicula agatkae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Agata Wojtal, 19??-, Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland.

Agnar in the isopod name Cryodesma agnari Svavarson, 1988 : (see Ingólfsson).

Agnes in Dermomurex agnease : (see Pas).

Lacking information about Agnes in the oligochaete name Limnodriloides agnes Hrabe, 1967.

Lacking information about Agnesi in the polychaete name Goniadopsis agnesiae Fauvel, 1928. Dawydoff described in 1929 Ctenoplana agnae and in 1930 he described Coeloplana agniae, possibly for the same person as is honoured in Fauvel's name?

Lacking information about Agnew in the diatom name Nitzschia agnewi Cholnoky, 1962.

Dr. Carlos Guillermo Aguayo y Castro, (19 Dec.) 1899-1982 (12 Feb.), Cuba / Puerto Rico, malacologist, who is honored in Aguayoina Bermudez, 1939 (Foraminifera) and Aguayoaster Sanchez Roig, 1952 (fossil echinoids) genuses and in the gastropod names Diodora aguayoi Farfante, 1943, Scaphella aguayoi (Clench, 1940), Oxynoe aguayoi Jaume, 1945 & Haustellum aguayoi Clench & Farfante, 1945.(André Trombeta, Brazil, kindly provided this information & Eleanor Dashfield, amateur biologist of New Zeeland kindly detected that some of this informatitin was spread in two places in the list - now corrected).

Lacking information about Aguiar(i) in the crab name Inachus aguiarii De Brito Capello,1876.

Cynthia Anne Gust Ahearn, (17 Oct. - Minneapolis) 1952-2008 (31 Aug. - Springfield, Virginia), Echinoderm specialist at the Smithsonian Institution. [Narcissia ahearnae Pawson, 2007, Trachythyone cynthiae O'Loughlin, 2009]

Dr. Klas Ahlner, (23 Mar. - Hångsdala, Västergötland) 1845-1932, Swedish phycologist and teacher in Växjö, who made his dissertation in 1877 in Uppsala on Enteromorpha [Enteromorpha ahlneriana Bliding].

Nils Otto Ahnfelt, (31 Oct. - Gullarp, Skåne) 1801-1837 (1 Jan.), Swedish theologist and bryologist. [Ahnfeltia Fries, 1835]. He was unmarried.

May a person's name be hidden in the ascidian name Ascidia ahodori Oka, 1927?

Dr. Shane Ahyong, 19??-, Australian carcinologist at the Australian Museum, working on Stomatopoda [Agathotanais ahyongi Larsen, 1999].

The bivalve name Nuculana aikawai T. Habe, 1958 is likely honouring the Japanese planktonologist Hiroaki Aikawa, 1903-1962.

Lacking information about the Aillaud family in the gastropod name Alcithoe aillaudorum Bouchet & Poppe, 1988.

Lacking information about Akaje in the red stingray name Dasyatis akajei (Müller & Henle, 1841).

Nina Aleksandrovna Akatova, 1910-1993, was noted mainly for her work on cladocerans and copepods (mostly freshwater species) between 1935 and 1992, while affiliated with the USSR Academy of Sciences (Zoological Institute) in Leningrad. She was memorialized in 1953 with the harpacticoid copepod name Schizopera akatovae given by her Muscovite colleague Borutzky (q.v.). Akatova's husband, Sergei Smirnov (q.v.), was also a well-known copepodologist and student of Rylov (q.v.). (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Koso Akatzuka, 1884-1957, Japanese phycologist., who in 1930 published "Fuyûseibutsu Gaku Gaisetsu" (Outline of Planktonology).

Akdeniz in the bryozoan name Retevirgula akdenizae Chimenz & al., 1997 is not a person's name, but the Turkish name for the Mediterranean. According to Aydin Örstan, who kindly explained this, the name means the "White Sea" as opposed to the "Black Sea".

Akibumi : (see Teramachi).

The cephalopod name Cycloteuthis akimushkini Filippova, 1968.is honouring Igor Ivanovich Akimushkin, (1 May - Moscow) 1929-93, popular science writer. He was a research biologist with a degree from the Soil Biology Department of Moscow University and devoted much of his time to defending the animal world. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Akner in the foraminiferan name Quinqueloculina akneriana d'Orbigny, 1846.

Alan : (see Myers).

Harald Alander, 1907-1991, Swedish zoologist; took part of Jägerskiöld's dredging expeditions in the Kattegatt and the Skagerrak from 1928 on and became a good faunist; doctoral dissertation in 1942 on sponges along the Swedish west coast, later on working with fisheries biology.

Lacking information about Alarcon in the gastropod name Turbonilla alarconi Strong, 1949.

Lacking information about Albenga in the hermit crab name Calcinus albengai Poupin & Lemaitre, 2003.

Who is Albert in the rotiferan name Albertia Dujardin, 1838?

Philippe Albert, 19??-, at Banyuls-sur Mer, sorted the nematodes for the authors of Desmodora alberti Verschelde, Gourbault & Vinx, 1998.

Prince Albert I of Monaco : (see Grimaldi).

The polyplacophoran name Lepidozona albrechtii Von Schrenck, 1862 and in the gastropod name Lora albrechti Krause, 1885 may possibly be a tribute to the German malacologist Michael P. Albrecht, 1821-65?, who in some way was active in Japan.

The gastropod name Conus albuquerquei Trovão, 1978 is named after Jorge Albuquerque, 19??-, one time presidentof the Centro Português de Actividades Subaquáti-cas (CPAS), a shell collector, responsible for the collecting expeditions taht the CPAS made to several locations in W. Africa

Alceu : (See Castro).

Lacking information about Alcino in the polyclad name Notoplana alcinoi (Schmidt, 1861).

Colonel Alfred William Alcock, (29 June - Bombay) 1859-1933 (24 Mar.), British naturalist, born as a son of a sea-captain in Bombay, India. Educated in England, but returned at age 17 to India. Began a medical education at the Univ. in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1881. Four years later he joined the Indian Medical Service and went back to India in 1886. He was attached to the survey ship "Investigator" in 1888, (but became superintendent at the Museum after Wood-Mason in 1893 and was succeded at "Investigator" by the Surgeon -Naturalist A.R.S. Anderson) when he became Surgeon-Naturalist to the Indian Marine Service and alternated periods at sea with time at the Indian Museum in Calcutta. His primary interest taxa were fishes, decapods and corals. He became FRS in 1901 and published "A Naturalist in Indian Seas" in 1902, resigned from the Indian Museum in 1907, returning to England for good, working with Patrick Mason at the London School of Tropical Medicine [Bathynemertes alcocki Laidlaw, 1906, Sabellaria alcocki, Hymenaster alcocki Koehler, 1909, Pourtalesia alcocki Koehler, 1914, Aristeus alcocki Ramadan, 1938, Pasiphaea alcocki (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891), Alcockianum Zevina, 1978 alcockianum (Annandale, 1906), Nematopagurus alcocki McLaughlin, 1997, Trachycarcinus alcocki (Doflein, 1903), Periclimenes alcocki Kemp, 1922, Delectopecten alcocki (Smith, 1904), Propeamussium alcocki (E.A. Smith, 1894), Teretoctopus alcocki Robson, 1932, Dendrophyllia alcocki (Wells, 1954)].

Joshua Alder, 1792-1867, food merchant in Newcastle upon Tyne, but really not very interested in this kind of business [Alderia Thompson ex Allman MS, 1844, Alderina Norman, 1903, Bicellarina alderi (Busk, 1859), Escharina alderi (Busk, 1856), Metopa alderi (Bate, 1857), Bougainvillia alderi (Hodge, 1863), Aeolidiella alderi Cocks, 1852, Barleeia alderi (Carpenter, 1864), Chromodoris alderi Collingwood]. Amateur conchologist, famed for "A Monograph of the British Nudibranchiate Mollusca" together with Albany Hancock, (24 Dec. - Newcastle upon Tyne) 1806-73 (Oct.), [Cliothosa hancocki (Schmidt, 1862), Hancockia Gosse, 1877, possibly Lineus hancocki Punnett & Cooper]. {Picture of Alder / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}. The namesake John Hancock, 1808-90, naturalist (ornithologist and taxidermist) from the same area was his brother and the local Hancock Musem is named for both of them.

Viviana A. Alder, 19??-, Argentinian tintinnoid specialist.

Philip A. Alderslade, (24 Nov. - Edmonton, UK) 1943-, PhD 1995 at James Cook Univ., curator of Cnidaria (from around 1983) at the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin, Australia and a specialist on octocoral systematics is honoured in the octocoral name Paraminabea aldersladei (Williams, 1992) [Alcyonosyllis phili Glasby & Watson, 2001, Chromonephthea aldersladei Ofwegen, 2005].

Aldeynzer : (see Deynzer).

The crinoid Bathycrinus aldrichianus Wyville Thomson, 1877 is named for Liutenant (from 1883 Captain, from 1898 Rear Admiral, from 1903 Vice Admiral & from 1907 Admiral) Pelham Aldrich, (8 Dec.) 1844-1930 (12 Nov. - Great Bealings, Suffolk), who before taking part un the Challenger expedition took part in an Arctic expedition 1860 (together with Colonel Henry Wemyss Fielden, 1838-1921 (8 June - Burwash, East Sussex), (who was a life-long friend of the author Rudyard Kipling), Sir George Strong Nares (q.v.) and Sir Albert Hastings Markham, (11 Nov. - Bagnères-de-Bigorre, France) 1841-1918 (28 Oct. - London)) and later 1887-88 made hydrographical observations and deep sea soundings in the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific with H.M. Surveying Vessel "Egeria". He was the first commanding officer of H.M.S. Research, a paddle-wheeler built in 1888 just for survey work, but only for a few yers, before he went to Portsmouth as the Commander of the Navy Yard there. He retired in 1908. The US cephalopod worker Frederick Allen Aldrich, (1 May - Butler, New Jersey) 1927-91 (July), is a namesake, as was the US geologist & malacologist Truman Heminway [sic!] Aldrich, (17 Oct. - Palmyra, Wayne Conty, N.Y.) 1848-1932 (28 Apr. - Birmingham, Alabama). (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided some of the information).

Lacking information about Aldridge in the gastropod name Attiliosa aldridgei (Nowell-Usticke, 1968), but possibly David W. Aldridge, 19??-, mainly fresh water bivalve malacologist, formerly Dep. Biology, North Carolina, A & T State Univ. may be the honoured person? (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the suggestion about which person may be honoured).

Ulissi Aldrovandi, (11 Sep. - Bologna) 1522-1605 (4 May - Bologna), Italian collector of natural history objects, remnants of whose collections still can be found at Bologna. When collecting nematodes from grasshoppers, he introduced the well-known name "Vermes" for such creatures.

Anwar Abdel Aleem, (13 Dec. - Alexandria) 1918-1996 (27 Oct. - Alexandria), Egyptian marine botanist [Pinuavis aleemii (Hustedt in Hustedt & Aleem) Witkowski in Witkowski & al., 2000].

Joséduardo? de Alencar Moreira, 1953-, Brazilean malacologist.

The cestodan name Bothriocephalus alessandrinii Condorelli-Francaviglia, 1898 is possibly a tribute to the Italian physician Antonio Alessandrini, (30 July - Bologna) 1786-1861 (6 Apr. - Bologna). He was also an interested naturalist and veterinarian. However, a more likely candidate is Guilio Alessandrini, (2 May - Montalto di Castro, close to Viterbo) 1866-1954 (13 Apr. - Roma), Italian parasitologist.

Lacking information about Alevtin(a) in the harpacticoid name Harpacticus alevtinae Tschislenko, 1977.

The ascidian name Trididemnum alexi G. Lambert, 2003 is atribute to the author's grandson Alexander Ivan Coleman, 19??-,

Mr. Brian Alexander, 19??-, from Sri Lanka provided material of Orania alexanderi Houart, 1985.

Alexander in Alexandronemertes Chernyshev, 1992 : (see Martynov).

The types of the amphipod genus name Alexandrella Chevreux, 1911 arrived from "près la Terre Alexandre I-er" in the Antarctic, so the name is likely a toponym rather than an eponym. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

The diatom name Chamaepinnularia alexandrowiczii Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot &Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to Prof. Stefan W. Alexandrowicz, 19??-, palaeontologist from the Academy of Minings and Metallurgy, Krakow, Poland.

Yuriy Glebovich Aleyev, 1926-1991 (12 Dec.), Russian biologist, studying e.g. nekton and fishes.

Lacking information about Alfred in the gastropod name Turbonilla alfredi Abbott, 1958. Possibly, but perhaps not likely, the ichthyologist Eric R. Alfred, 19??-, may be the honoured person. Alfred became curator of zoology at the Raffles Museum, Singapore in 1957, was appointed Director there in 1967 after having served for a year at the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) in London and at the Leiden Museum. In 1972 he left to join the Maritime Museum at Sentosa Island, but has later been retired.

Lacking information about Alice in the gastropod names Muricopsis aliceae Petuch, 1987 & Cerithium eburneum aliceae Petuch, 1987.

Lacking information about Alice or Alicia in the very stinging sea anemone genus Alicia J.Y. Johnson, 1861, because Johnson does not explaion the choice of name. Possibly his wife?

Lacking information about Alicia in the gastropod name Aesopus aliciae Marincovich, 1973 and in the scleractinian name Mycetophyllia aliciae Wells, 1973.

The Indian polychaetologist, ichthyologist, aquaculture and stomatopod specialist Dr. h.c. Kolliyil Hameed Alikunhi, (27 May) 1918-, educated in Madras, living in Eriyad, Kerala, is honoured in the polychaete name Pisione alikunhi Tenerelli, 1965.

The tanaid name Julmarichardia alinati Gutu, 1989 is likely honouring Captain Jean Alinat, (21 June - Agde, Hérault) 1917-, Assistant Director, Musée Océanographique, Monaco.

Aline : (see Fiala-Medioni).

Lacking information about Vladimir A. Alioshkin in the digenean name Allopseudocolocyntotrema alioshkini Pozdnyakov, 1994.

The mollusk name Dentimargo alisae Boyer, 2001 was named after the name of the 28 m long ship Alis (of the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement) that made oceanographic searchs in New Caledonia The strong southeastward ALIS current off New Caledonia is also named after this ship, which in turn was named for a kind of local wind. (Dr. Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided this information).

Alison : (see Kay).

Alizon : (see F.W. Townsend).

William Ernest Alkins, 1896-1969, English malacologist.

Lacking information about Alla? in the decapod name Munidopsis allae Khodkina & Duris, 1989.

Catherine Mable Joyce (but using the name Joyce K.) Allan (alias Mrs. H.W. Kirkpatrick), (8 Apr. - Balmain, Sydney) 1896-1966 (31 Aug. - Mosman), Australian malacologist, painter and naturalist. Curator of shells, Australian Museum Sydney [Rissoina allanae Laseron, 1950, Microcanthus joyceae Whitley, 1931 + yet another mollusk, one fish and an insect]. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}.

Lacking information about Allan in the Australian holuthuroid name Trochodota allani (Joshua,1912).

Lacking information about Jack Allard, 19??-, who had a collecting station in Kenya, in the Anemonefish name Amphiprion allardi Klausewitz, 1970.

C.D. Alleman, 18??-19??, who in Panama collected the types of Eudaphne allemani Bartsch, 1931 & Rissoina allemani Bartsch, 1931.

Lacking information about the British deepwater bivalve researcher John A. Allen in the bivalve name Thyasira alleni Carrozza, 1981. Namesakes are Dr. J. Frances Allen, 1916-, born in New York, who began her service for the American Fisheries Society (AFS) in 1958 and the US malacologist Charles Curry Allen, 1862-1934,.

Lacking information about Allen in the isopod name Hebefustis alleni Siebenaller & Hessler, 1977. Possibly J.A. Allen (above) may be the honoured person also here.

Lacking information about Dr. Dennis Allen in the typhloplanoid name Promesostoma dennisalleni Ax, 1995.

Dr. Edgar Johnson Allen, (6 Apr.) 1866-1942 (7 Dec.), FRS, British polychaetologist and phytoplankton researcher; director of the Plymouth Laboratory [Magelona alleni Wilson, 1958, Melinnacheres alleni (Brumpt, 1897), Xenocoeloma alleni (Brumpt,1897), Tryphosites alleni Sexton, 1911, Cerebratulus alleni Wijnhoff, 1912, Erythrodermis allenii Batters, 1900, Cataetyx alleni Byrne, 1906].

Dr. Gerald R. Allen, 1942-, ichthyologist, who photographed and collected all known specimens of the species Cirripectes alleni Williams, 1993. He also collected Ecsenius alleni Spinger, 1988. Stiphodon allen Watson, 1996 was named for him in recognition for his work on freshwater fishes of Australia. Likely also Pavoraja alleni McEachran & Fechhelm, 1982 and Tomiyamichthys alleni Iwata, Ohnishi & Hirata, 2000 is a tribute to him.

Taenioides kentalleni Murdy & Randall, 2002 was named after Mr. Kent Allen, 19??-, who collected the only known specimen. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided this information).

The gastropod name Cyphoma alleneae (C.N. Cate, 1973), was named for Allene L. Snow, 19??-, a collector of Marathon, Florida. (Dr. Gene Coan, US malacologist, kindly provided this information).

Allery de Maria : (see Monterosato).

Andreas Allescher,(6 June - München) 1828-1903 (10 Apr. - München), botanist [Allescheriella Hennings, 1897].

Carl Algot Jönsson Allgén, 1886-1960, Swedish amateur nematodologist from Lund. He was subject teacher (adjunkt) in Sundsvall between 1917-20, senior teacher (lektor) in Jönköping between 1920-39 and in Eslöv between 1940-52. He published on nematodes between 1925-60 [Allgenia Strand, 1934, Microlaimus allgeni Gerlach, 1950].

Harold Lattimore Alling, (7 Feb.) 1888-1960 (27 July - Pittsford, New York), US geologist, who i.a. published a paper together with the author of Alveopora allingi Hoffmeister, 1925.

Ned Allison in the scaphopod name Polyschides nedallisoni Emerson, 1978 is identical with a palaeontologist and malacologist at Scripps, Edwin Chester Allison, 1925-1971, also memorized in the name "The E.C. Allison Research Center" at San Diego State University. (Dr. Gene Coan, USA, kindly provided the information about Allison's nickname Ned).

George James Allman, (24 Nov. - Cork) 1812-1898 (24 Nov. - Parkstone, Dorsetshire), (son of William Allman, 1776-1846, Jamaica born Irish physician and professor of Botany in Dublin Univ.; friend of Robert Brown), Irish botanist (professor at Trinity College, Dublin in this field from 1844) and general marine biologist; worked during the end of his professional life between 1855-70 as professor in Edinburgh, where he succeded Forbes (q.v.); he retired because of poor health in 1870. He became president of the Linnean Society of London in 1874 after George Bentham and was succeded by Sir John Lubbock in 1881; FRS in 1854; since the childhood in Cork a friend of Thomas Hincks (q.v.); probably the prefix hydr- in Hydrallmania Hincks, 1868 alludes - a bit humorously - to Allman's supposed preference for hydroid studies [Crangon allmani Kinahan, 1857, Notodelphys allmanni Thorell, 1859, Allmaniella M'Intosh, 1885, Hydractinia allmani Bonnevie, 1898, Edwardsia allmanni M'Intosh, 1865].

Charles A. Alluaud, (4 May - Limoges) 1861-1949 (12 Dec. - Crozant), French entomologist, from a family of porcelain factory owners, who travelled in Africa together with Jeannel (see Racovitza), collecting i.a. mollusks [Alluaudella Gravier, 1905, Talitroides alluaudi (Chevreux, 1896)].

Allyn : (see Allyn Smith).

Vernica "Vero" Alonso Ferreira, 19??-, is honoured in the Solenogastres genus name Veromenia Esther Gil-Mansilla, Óscar García Álvarez & Victoriana Urgorri, 2008, "because of her bond of friendship with the first Author".

Lacking information about Alonso in the sponge name Dictyonella alonsoi Carballo & al., 1996.

Lacking information about Aloys in the hydroid name Hydranthea aloysii (Hincks, 1863). A digenean name Paracryptogonimus aloysiae (Stossich, 1885) may possibly honour the same person. One possible candidate may have been the entomologist (Lepidoptera specialist) Alois Friedrich Rogenhofer, (22 Dec. - Wien) 1831-97 (15 Jan. - Wien), curator at the Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien.

Lacking information about Aloysio in the sea urchin name Clypeaster (Orthantus) aloysioi Brito, 1959, but possibly a tribute to Dr. Aloysio Catheiros da Graça de Mello-Leitão, 19??-, Brazil zoologist, i.a. working on sponges.

Lacking information about the entomologist Dr. W.W. (or V.V.) Alpatov, 18??-19??, working in Moscow, later Baltimore, in the nematode name Oxystomina alpatovi (Filipjev, 1927).

Cristian R. Altaba, 19??-, Spanish malacologist.

Altena : (see Van Regteren Altena).

The German foraminiferan researcher Dr. Alexander V. Altenbach, 19??-, is likely the person honoured in the nematode name Theristus altenbachi Jensen, 1991.

The Swiss nematodologist Edmond Altherr , 1900-1976 (Nov.), is honoured in the nematode name Diplolaimelloides altherri Meyl, 1954.

Friedrich Theodor Althoff, 1839-1908, professor of law in Strassburg, who played an essential role for the establishment of the Helgoland Laboratory [Althoffia Lohmann, 1892].

Eulima altimirai Nordsieck, 1978 is named for the Spanish malacologist Carlos Altimira i Aleu, 1918-83, who collected specimens.

Dr. Rafael Alvarado Ballester, (7 Sep. - Tarragona) 1924-2001 (9 Apr. - Madrid), Spanish invertebrate zoologist [Grubeosyllis alvaradoi (San Martin, 1984), Personopsis? alvaradoi (Villalta 1956)].

Belinda Alvarez, 1960-, was employed for some years at the Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Centre, where she worked on Axinellidae sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. She moved to Australia and then on to New Zealand where she works part time at N.I.W.A. [Terpios belindae Rützler & Smith, 1993]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided this information).

Crisilla alvarezi Templado & Rolan, 1993 was named for Prof. Julio Alvarez, 19??-, Madrid, first president of Sociedad Espanola de Malacologia. Another Spanish namesake was the ichthyologist José Alvarez del Villar, 1903-86.

Cystiscus josephiniae Ferdandes & Rolan, 1991 is named for Maria Josephina Alvarez, 19??-, colleague of the authors.

Aidanosagitta alvarinoae (Pathansali, 1974) is honouring Dr. Angeles Alvariño De Leira, (3 Oct.- El Ferrol, Spain) 1916-, plankton, especially chaetognath researcher. After a position at the the Spanish Department of Sea Fisheries in Madrid, she was after a year (1953-54) as biologist - oceanographer at the Plymouth Laboratory, in 1956 awarded a Fulbright Fellowship for research at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. After this she was recommended by Mary Sears to a position at Scripps. In 1970 she became a Fisheries Biologist with the Southwest Fisheries Science Center. Retired in 1987, but she has continued to work on plankton after retirement.

Lacking information about Alve in the holothuroid name Apsolidium alvei O'Loughlin & O'Hara, 1992.

Species names alvini (or similar) are of course not usually named for a person, but for Alvin, the deep diving submersible at Woods Hole, itself named for a former (1940-79) WHOI engineer, Allyn Collins Vine, (1 June - Garrettsville, Ohio) 1914-1994 (4 Jan. - Wood Hole), very much involved in its construction and for the popular chipmunk cartoon character.

Dr. Carlo Alzona, (26 May - Torino) 1881-1961 (14 May - Genua), Italian entomologist and malacologist, who was director of the museum in Genua between 1947-55.

Lacking information about Ama in the kalyptorhynchan name Albertorhynchus amai Schockaert, 1976.

Georg Carl Amdrup, (19 Nov. Købehavn) 1866-1947 (15 Jan.), Danish naval officer and Greenland researcher, who was the leader of the Carlsberg Foundation expedition to E Greenland in 1898-1900. He became vice admiral in 1927 and inspector of the Danish naval fleet between 1927-31 [Leptognathia amdrupi Hansen, 1913].

Lacking information about Amelia in the harpacticoid name Mesocletodes ameliae Soyer, 1975.

Kyosaku Amemiya, 1889-1984, Japanese marine biologist, who i.a. worked at the Naples marine zoological station. [likely Mystus amemiyai (Kimura, 1934) (fresh water teleost), Micropodarke amemiyai Okuda, 1938 (a younger synonym of M. dubia (Hessle, 1925))]

Mateus Amílicar de Magalhães, 1911-, Portugese amphipodologist at the university of Porto.

The holothuroid name Psolidocnus amokurae (Mortensen, 1925) is not honouring a person, but the 165 feet long, 3 masted auxillary barqentine ship Amokura from New Zealand, between 1889-1906 sailing under the name HMS Sparrow.

Carl Christoffer (Christopher) Theodor Amondsen, around 1820-after 1885 (because in 1885 he was reported to live at age 65 together with his 11 years younger wife), who was "segelmästare" (sail-master, i.e. captain) on board a ship belonging to "Københavns Kungl. Handelsflotta för Grönland" (Royal Mercantile Marine of Copenhagen for Greenland), collected during an arctic expedition - which started in 1859 - lots of invertebrates for the Swedish Natural History Museum, Stockholm. Otto Torell (q.v.) was onboard during the summer 1859, but Amondsen seems to have coninued to sample for the museum also later on. He married to Caroline Maria Behncke and they got a daughter Camilla Theodora Amondsen (31 July - Copenhagen) 1855-1900 (21 Oct.) and later two more daughters, Yelva Michelle Amondsen (28 years old in 1885) and Olga Ingeborg Amondsen (17 years old in 1885). In 1871 he was captain onbord the vessel "Peru" C.C.T. Amondsen was the son of another nautical Captain and he had at least 3 younger brothers, Christian Frederik (2 years younger), Peter (4 years younger) and Villiam Julius Harald (12 years younger). [Gattyana amondseni (Malmgren, 1867)].

The cowry name Barycypraea fultoni amorimi Raybaudi, 1989is honouring Manuel Amorim, 19??-, Portuguese shell dealer (in South Africa?).

Amos : (See A. P. Brown).

The French polychaetologist Abbé Louis Amoureux, 1919-2001, the Université catholique de l'Ouest, Angers, is honoured in the polychaete names Ophelia amoureuxi Bellan & Costa, 1987, Synelmis amoureuxi Salazar-Vallejo, 2003, and in the tunicate name Didemnum amourouxi Lafargue, 1976. He should not be mixed up with the marine biologist & polycaete researcher Dr. Jean-Miuchel Amouroux, 19??-, at the Laboratoire d'océanographie biologique de Banyuls. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli, Palermo, kindly provided one of the eponyms)

The diatom name Nitzschia amundonii Aleem, 1973, described from the vicinity of Göteborg, Sweden, is likely not a tribute to a person, but probably described from the island Amundön.

Roald Engebreth Gravning Amundsen, (16 July - Borge close to Sarpsborg) 1872-1928 (22 June - aeroplane crash into the Arctic Ocean), Norwegian polar researcher with geographical and geophysical interests rather than biological [Harpinia amundseni Gurjanova, 1946]

Dr. E. Anadón, 1???-, professor in the Science Fac., Oviedo University, Spain [Rioselleolis anadoni Ortea].

Tambja anayana Ortea, 1989 is named for two Ana:s : (see Ballesteros & Burnay).

Lacking information about Ana in the amphipod name Salentinella anae Messouli & al., 2002.

The gastropod name Conus anabelae Rolán & Röckel, 2001 is named after Anabela Fernandes, 19??-, the daughter of Francisco Fernandes (q.v.), a well known shell collector from Angola

Lacking information about Anaelisa in the ophiuroid name Ophiomusium anaelisae Tommasi & Abreu, 1974.

Lacking information about Anamera in the Lithodid name Paralomis anamerae Macpherson, 1988.

Lacking information about Anan in the hermit crab name Calcinus anani Poupin & McLaughlin, 1998.

César Marie Félix Ancey, (15 Nov. - Marseille) 1860-1906 (10 Oct. - Mascara, Algeria), French malacologist active in i.a. Algeria [Anceya Bourguignat, 1885, Moncetia anceyi Bourguignat, 1885, Cameronia anceyi Bourguignat, 1885, Fagotia anceyana Bourguignat, 1884, Grandidieria anceyi Bourguignat, 1885, Syrnolopsis anceyana Bourguignat, 1885, Trochonanina anceyi Bourguignat, 1885, Pleurotomella anceyi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1897]. Jean-Marie Louis-Félix Ancey, 1835-1???, also malacologist, was probably his father. C.F. Ancey's collection (or at least parts of it) was purchased by the shell dealer Geref, who sold it to others, e.g. Stillman Berry (q.v.).

Prof. Dr. Hannes An Der Lan, 1909-1992, Univ. of Innsbruck, worked i.a. on turbellarians.

Lacking information about Anderson in the medusa name Mastigias andersoni Stiasny, 1926.

Prof. em. Don Anderson, 19??-, formerly at School of Biological Sciences of Sydney Univ., Australia [Polyschides andersoni Lamprell & Healey, 1998].

Dr. R. Charles Anderson, 19??-, British marine biologist working in the Maldives (since 1983) and has published on e.g. whales and sharks.

Prof. John Anderson, (4 Oct. - Edinburgh) 1833-1900 (15 Aug. - Buxton, England), obtained his MD in Edinburgh in 1861, left Britain for India in 1864, became head of the Indian Museum in Calcutta in 1865, a position he held until 1887, when he was succeded by J. Wood-Mason (q.v.). After returning to Europe he often spent the winters in Egypt, making extensive collections, which formed the basis of his "Zoology of Egypt". During his time in India, he made several collecting expeditions to China and Burma [Sacculina andersoni Giard, 1887, Bolma andersoni E. A. Smith, 1902, Hormathia andersoni Haddon A. C., 1888, Paracyathus andersoni Duncan, 1899].

Mr. Robert Van Vleck Anderson, 1884-1949 (6 June - Palo Alto, California), geologist, a graduate student of Stanford University, who collected fishes in tidepools, but else published on palaeontology and its connection with oil. [Salarias andersoni Jordan & Starks, 1906].

Lacking information about Anderson in the calanoid name Acrocalanus andersoni Bowman, 1958.

Roland C. Anderson, 1946-, The Seattle Aquarium, is very interested in cephalopods.

Dr. Karl Andreas Andersson, (24 Feb. - Stenkyrka, Bohuslän) 1875-1968 (8 Oct. - Djursholm), Swedish zoologist, who took part of a Swedish expedition to the Antarctic in 1901-03 (see expeditions for this very dramatic adventure, which eventually ended up rather well), achieved his PhD in Stockholm on a dissertation on Pterobranchia from this expedition in 1907. He later worked with fisheries and wrote a 2 volume book about fishes and fisheries. He was also politically engaged and from 1913 to the end of 1933 he was a member of the Swedish parliament and between 1933-34 he was president in the Swedish liberal party (one of two liberal partys in Sweden - the main difference was that his party opposed a general alcohol prohibition, while the other party did not) and instrumental in the partys fusion with the other part, Frisinnade landsföreningen, creating Folkpartiet (the modern liberal party in Sweden) in 1934. He had in 1907 also married to Gudrun Asp from Helsinki and the couple got three children, Karl Torkel, 1909-1990s (became a military civil engineer), Åke, 1911-37 (drowning accident) and Inger, 1916-1999 (married name Öhman) , all taking the family name Stordal after the name of the Tjörn island farm, where their father was born. During WWII, Andersson and his wife, who had a similar radical political opinion as her husband, were members of the secret Tisdagsklubben (theTuesday club), an anti-nazi organization. K.A. Andersson became the last person to survive of all the men from the Antarctic expedition. During his time as a fisheries official, he and his family for some years moved to Fiskebäckskil (owned a house at Kaptensgatan) - becoming a friend of his younger colleauge there, Dr. Molander (q.v.), until they eventually moved back to Djursholm, off Stockholm [Golfingia anderssoni (Théel, 1911), Synsiphonium anderssoni (Westblad, 1952), Cephalodiscus anderssoni Gravier, 1912, possibly Pseudoflustra anderssoni Kluge, 1946, Amauropsis anderssoni H. Strebel, 1906, Calliostoma anderssoni. Strebel, H., 1908, Krefftichthys anderssoni (Lönnberg, 1905), Flabellum anderssoni (Felix, 1909), Neosalanx anderssoni (Rendahl, 1923), Schizotricha anderssoni Jäderholm, 1904, Eunoe anderssoni (Bergström, 1916), Chlamys (Chlamys) anderssoni (Hennig, 1911), Macrobiotus anderssoni Richters, 1908, Diastylis anderssoni Zimmer, 1907, Pinna anderssoni Wilckens, 1910].

Nils Johan Andersson, (20 Feb. - Gärdserums socken, Kalmar län) 1821-1880 (27 Mar. - Stockholm), botanist on board Eugenie, during her circumnavigation, must be the person honoured in the polychaete name Perinereis anderssoni Kinberg, 1866. He was seen as an Aunt Sally by some of his ship mates, but evidently Kinberg did appreciate him.

Prof. Istvan Andrássy, 1927-, Hungarian nematod researcher [Andrassya Brzeski, 1960]. Very many nematode species are named after him, but most of them are not marine species.

André in Fusiturricula andrei McLean & Poorman, 1971 (see DeRoy).

Lacking information about Andre, 18??-1???, in the bryozooan name Andreella Jullien, 1888.

Lacking information about Andre in the Japanese cephalopod name Sepia andreana Steenstrup, 1875.

E. André (likely identical with the Swiss Prof. of Zoology Emile André, 1870-1946), published (in French) on ciliates at least between 1909-16 and is honoured in the ciliate name Andreula Kahl, 1934.

Marc André, (10 Feb. - Paris) 1900-1966 (28 May), published on halacarids in 1928, and later on malacostracans, at least until 1960 [Anomalohalacarus marcandrei Monniot, 1967]. The namesake Édouard François André, 1840-1911, from France, was i.a. a botanical collector in Equador.

Lacking information about Julie Andre? in the eastern Honduras gastropod name Conus julieandreae Cargile, 1995.

Who is Andre(a) in the amphipod name Caprella andreae Mayer, 1890?

Lacking information about Andreev in the amoeba name Pseudodifflugia andreevi Golemansky, 1976.

Dr. Angelo Andres, (24 Mar. - Tirano) 1851-1934 (16 July - Milano), Italian biologist studying natural history in Pavia (finishing his studies in Leipzig, London & Paris), after which he got a professorship in Modena, working in i.a. Milano (and director of Museo di Storia Naturale, Parma between 1899-1926) and being a friend of Dohrn (q.v.), who wrote several actinological papers [Edwardsia andresi Danielssen, 1890, Andresia Stephenson, 1922, Bothriocephalus andresi Porta, 1911, Halcampa andresii Haddon, 1885].

The amphipod name Dikwa andresi Lörz & Coleman, 2003 is named for Dr. Hans-Georg Andres, 19??-, of the Zoological Museum of Hamburg, curator and well-known amphipod worker, retired from around 2006. [Pseudamaryllis andresi Lowry & Stoddart, 1993, Stenothoe hansgeorgi T. Krapp-Schickel, 2006]. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Lacking information about Andreu in the anomuran name Parapagurus andreui Macpherson, 1984, but likely a tribute to the palaeo-ostracodologist Bernard Andreau. 19??-,.

Who is Andrew in the madreporarian name Sphenotrochus andrewianus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848?

Lacking information about Andrew in the ciliate name Aspidisca andrewi Mereschkowski, 1877 from the White Sea.

Dr. Charles William Andrews, F.R.S., (30 Oct. - Hampstad, Middlesex) 1866-1924 (25 May), British naturalist - mainly palaeontologist, but published on a diversity of items - who lived for a time on Christmas Island, where he i.a. collected shells [Pickworthia andrewsi Iredale,1917, Morula andrewsi E. A. Smith, 1909, possibly Pseudosuberites andrewsi Kirkpatrick]. He also collected plankton at Christmas Island together with Sir John Murray (q.v.) for the British Museum. One of the copepods from these samples was named Corycaeus andrewsi by Farran (q.v.) in 1911, now Ditrichocorycaeus andrewsi (Farran, 1911). Andrews published "A Monograph of Christmas Island: physical features, geology, fauna, and flora" for the British Museum in 1900 (this was reprinted by an Asian company in 1996). Andrews also studied and published on fossil land and marine reptiles and other vertebrates. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided the last part of the information)

Roy Chapman Andrews, (26 Jan. - Beloit, Wiskonsin) 1884-1960 (11 Mar. - Carmel), US naturalist named "the real Indiana Jones", best known for his findings of dinosaur bones in the Gobi desert during the 1920s, but who also took part in the Albatross cruise in 1908-09, because he had started as a marine mammal researcher.

Prof. Ethan Allen Andrews, (10 Sep. - New York City) 1859-1956 (17 Oct. - Baltimore), of Johns Hopkins Univ., is honoured in the folliculinid name Metafolliculina andrewsi Hadži, 1938. Beside publications on Folliculinidae, he also published a biographical chapter about his colleague W.K. Brooks. Andrews had an older exaxt namesake living between 1787-1858, who also was a professor and a latin lexicon editor, likely a relative.

Lacking information about Andrews in the gastropod name Calotrophon andrewsi E. H. Vokes, 1976, but most likely either Jean Andrews, 1923-, Jay Donald Andrews, 1916-, or James Elston Andrews, 1927-, all US malacologists, may be the honoured person.

The polyplacophoran name Lepidozona andrijaschevi Jakovleva, 1952, the sponge name Cladothenea andriashevi Koltun, 1964 and the skate name Bathyraja andriashevi Dolganov, 1985 are likely honouring Anatolii Petrovich Andriyashev, (19 Aug. - Montpellier, France) 1910-, .Russian marine biologist.

George French Angas, (25 Apr. - Newcastle upon Tyne) 1822-1886 (8 Oct. - London), English malacologist, painter and author, who for a long time of his life worked in Australia (arriving there in 1843) (Secretary of Australian Museum, Sydney), but then returned to England in 1861 [Pleurotoma angasi Crosse, 1863, Loricella angasi H. Adams & G. F. Angas, 1864, Philine angasi (Crosse & Fischer, 1865), Aplysia angasi Sowerby, 1869, Prototyphis angasi H. Crosse, 1863, Conus angasi G. W. Tryon, 1884, Phalium angasi (Iredale, 1927), Cystiscus angasi ]. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}.

The Australian parasitologist Laura Madeline Angel, 1908-1990, is honoured in the cestodan name Grillotia angeli Dollfus, 1969.

Dr. Martin V. Angel, 1937-, UK ostracod researcher at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, is honoured in the ostracod name Bathyconchoecia angeli J. George, 1977.

Angelica (in Zonaria pyrum angelicae (Clover, 1974)) : see Segiouloglou.

Prof. Eugène Angelier, 1925-, Toulose, is honoured in the halacarid name Acarochelopodia angelieri Travé, 1972.

Nils Peter Angelin, (Lund) 1805-1876 (13 Feb.), Swedish palaeontologist and geologist, who studied in Lund during 72 terms (i.e. 36 years) without examination, because of eager field studies, and thus this unmarried son of a blacksmith was considered rather excentric by his surroundings, but after publishing some works where he i.a. described several unknown trilobite species, he became a honorary Dr. at the Univ. of Breslau in 1857, and later keeper (titled professor) at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm in 1864 [Rhynchonereella angelini Kinberg, 1866].

The gastropod name Maxwellia angermeyerae W. K. Emerson & A. D' Attilio, 1965 is not likely a tribute to the German malacologist Carl Albert Angermeyer, 1846-1899, because of the feminine eponym, but perhaps to a later relative of him?

The cowry Erronea angioyorum Biraghi, 1978 is named after the late Dr. Mario Angioy, (July - Torino, Luglia) 1920-1996 (20 Jan. - Roma), [Alvania angioyi van Aartsen, 1982] and Kety Nicolay (q.v.), Italian conchs amateurs, founders of the journal "La Conchiglia"

Michel Angot, 19??-, former director of the Centre de l'Office de la Recherche Sciantifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTOM) at Nosy Bé, Madagascar [Telestacicola angoti Humes & Sock, 1973].

Lacking information about Anita in the gastropod name Nassarina anitae Campbell, 1961.

The actinian name Anthopleura anjunae den Hartog J.C. and Vennam J., 1993 is likely not a person's name, because it was found close to Goa, India, so the name is likely a toponym of Anjun Beach, Goa.

Wulf Emmo Ankel, (7 Aug. - Frankfurt) 1897-1983 (25 Mar. - Laubach), professor of zoology at the Univ. in Giessen. Specialist on pyramidellids [Diurodrilus ankeli Ax, 1967, Diplodasys ankeli ankeli Wilke, 1954].

Dr. Arthur Anker, 19??-, is an alpheid specialist at the Department of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. [Lysmata ankeri Rhyne & Lin, 2006].

The medusa name Mitrocoma annae Haeckel, 1864 has the following explanation: To Haeckel this medusa had "a fairy-like appearance" and its tentacles hung down "like a mass of blond hair." The name was "in memory of my dear, never-to-be-forgotten wife, Anna Sethe. If it is given to me to do something during my earthly pilgrimage for science and humanity, I owe it for the most part to the blessed influence of my gifted wife, who was torn from me by a premature end in 1864." In 1899, regarding the species he had named Desmonema annasethe, Haeckel said "this pretty disco-medusa, one of the most beautiful and interesting of all the medusae, immortalizes the memory of Anna Sethe ((14 Sep. - Potsdam) 1835-1864 (16 Feb. - Jena)), the gifted and refined wife to whom the author of this work owes the happiest years of his life." Today it is known as Cyanea annasethe (Haeckel, 1880). Anna Sethe was also Haeckel's cousin (his mother was born Sethe) and she sadly died on his husband's 30:th birthday. They had been engaged for several years, but only married since 18:th Aug. 1862, (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly supplied all this information).

The medusa name Lovenella annae (von Lendenfeld, 1884), is likely a tribute to his wife Anna von Lendenfeld (see Lendenfeld).

Who is Anna in the polychaete name Aricidea annae Laubier, 1967?

Who is Anna in the nematode name Marylynnia annae (Wieser & Hopper, 1972)?

Who is Annalisa in the nematode name Microlaimus annalisae Jensen, 1976? Possibly named after his then young daughter Annelise?

Prof. Thomas Nelson Annandale, (15 June - Edinbourg) 1876-1924 (10 Apr. - Calcutta), British spongiologist in India, who published 738 pages on this group in 64 papers, but also worked on several other animal groups, like e.g. molluscs and cnidarians [Crambionella annandalei Rao, 1931, Topsentia annandalei (Ferrerr-Hernandez, 1922), Sphaeroma annandalei annandalei Stebbing, 1911, Indomysis annandalei Tattersall, 1914, Chicoreus (Naquetia) annandalei (Preston, 1910), Kolpophis annandalei (Laidlaw, 1901), Asclepios annandalei Distant, 1915, Pleurosicya annandalei Hornell & Fowler, 1922, Probopyrus annandalei Chopra, 1923, Pentagonaster annandalei Koehler, 1909, Clypeaster annandalei Koehler, 1922, Trianguloscalpellum annandalei (Calman), Annanogammarus Bousfield, 1979 annandalei Tattersall, 1922, Annandaleum Newman & Ross, 1971, Holophrya annandalei Ghosh, 1919, Talehsapia annandalei Fauvel, Euclymene (Euclymene) annandalei , Harpiosquilla annandalei, Melinnoides nelsoni Benham, 1927, Rajella annandalei (Weber, 1913)].

N.P. Annenkova-Khlopina, 1887-1950, Russian polychaete researcher and fish parasitologist at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg [Bylgides annenkovae Pettibone, 1993, Yoldiella annenkovae Gorbunov, 1946, Melinnopsis annenkovae (Ushakov, 1952)].

Lacking information about Annette? in the bivalve name Lioconcha (Lioconcha) annettae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990.

Lacking information about Annette in the cowry name Zonaria annettae (Dall, 1909).

Is Ano in the ascidian name Didemnum anoi Monniot & Monniot, 1987 a person's name?

Dr. Masateru Anraku, 1926-98, worked on distribution and diurnal migrations of copepods.

Patrick Anseeuw, 1946-, Belgian amateur conchologist (specialized in pleurotomarids gastropods), is honoured in the gastropod name Perotrochus anseeuwi Kanazawa & Goto, 1991. (Dr. Métivier at the MNHN, Paris, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Alan David Ansell, 1934-99 (18 July), Scottish marine biologist working on molluscs and brachiopods. He worked at the Marine Station at Millport until 1970, when he moved to Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, near Oban, where he then remained [Xylophaga anselli Harvey, 1996].

Crassispira ansonae Wells, 1990 was named for Mrs. Wendy Anson, 19??-, shell collector of Western Australia, who provided material [Glabella ansonae Clover, 1974].

The W African fish name Nematogobius ansorgii Boulenger, 1910, is likely a tribute to the British explorer William John Ansorge, (6 Apr. - Bengal) 1850-1913 (31 Oct.), who got his education in Mauritius, is mentioned by Barnard 1965 as a malacologist, but was a general collector, who mainly explored Africa, finding i.a. many new fish species.

The gastropod name Murex antelmei Viader, 1938 is honouring Marie Georges Antelme, 1870-1938, malacologist at Mauritius.

John Gould Anthony, (17 May - Providence, Rhode Island) 1804-77 (16 Oct. - Cambridge, Mass.), accountant, insurance agent and first curator of molluscs (mainly interested in limnic and terrestrial items) at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard Univ. [possibly Cancer anthonyi Rathbun, 1897, possibly Conus anthonyi E. J. Petuch, 1975].

Lacking information about Anthony in the parasitic nematod name Crassicauda anthonyi Chabaud, 1962. One possibility? would be a tribute to the US mammal worker Harold Elmer Anthony, 1890-1970.

Lacking information about the planktonologist Dr. Avan N. Antia, 19??-, "co-worker in the SFB 313 team of scientists at the University of Kiel" in the nematode name Parasphaerolaimus antiae Jensen, 1992.

Pedro Antiga y Sunyer, (19 June) 1854-1904 (22 July), amateur naturalist from Barcelona, who succeded his father as director of the school Colehio Antonio. His main interest was entomology, but he also collected crustaceans and molluscs [Plesionika antigai Zariquiey-Alvarez, 1955].

Dr. Grigore Antipa, (7 Dec. - Botosani, Roumania) 1867-1944 (9 Mar. - Bucaresti), Roumanian zoologist and a disciple of Haeckel (q.v.), is honoured in the nemertean name Ototyphlonemertes antipai (Müller, 1968), in the tanaid name Grallatotanais antpai Gutu & Iliffe, 2001 and in the gastrotrich name Chaetonotus antipai Rodewald, 1938. Antipa i.a. published on stauromedusae during the 1890s. He was also director of the old (founded in 1834) and famous museum in Bucharest, which in 1933 after him was named the Grigore Antipa Museum of Natural History from 1892 until he died.

Hermann Eduard Anton, (Goerlitz) 1794-1872, German bookseller and amateur researcher (mainly within malacology and echinoderms), who was highly regarded by professional colleaguses like Philippi and Pfeiffer and may have had some influence on Filhol [Munidopsis antonii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1844), likely Calliostoma antonii (Koch in Philippi, 1843)]. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida, kindly provided this information).

Antonia : (see Cruz).

The gastropod name Conus antoniomonteiroi Rolán, 1990 is named after António Monteiro, 19??-, Portuguese shell collector, editor of "The Cone Collector".

The diatom name Staurophora anuschkae Witkowski in Witkowski & al., 2000 is dedicated to the author's daughter Agnieszka, 19??-, "for her help with in sampling and in laboratory work".

István (also known as Stephan or Stefan) Apáthy, (4 Jan. - Budapest) 1863-1922 (22 Sep. - Szeged), Hungarian poet and zoology professor in Koloszvar, nerve system researcher and histologist, who i.a. discovered hirudine. In 1886-90 he had studied at the Zoological Station, Napoli and when returning to Hungary in 1890 he became professor at the Franz Joseph Univ., Cluj / Cluj-Napoca. During the end of his life, in 1918 he was i.a. governor of Transylvania.

Gieselbert Apelt, (12 Aug.) 1937-, Göttingen platyhelminth researcher during the 1960s and 1970s, who worked as a high-school teacher for many years, but now is retired [Flagellophora apelti Faubel & Dörjes,1978]. (Prof. W. Westheide, Osnabrück, kindly provided the birth date)

Prof. Apostol Metodiev Apostolov, 1940-, Bulgarian harpacticoid researcher, beginning publishing during the 1960s [Mesochra apostolovi (Apostolov, 1969)].

Federigo Luigi Appelius, (Livorno) ?1835-76 (20 Apr. - Livorno), Italian conchologist (bilingual: Italian and German - son of a Swiss father). He published #1 Appelius, F. L. (1869): Le Conchiglie del Mar Tirreno, parte prima (pp. 1-27), parte seconda (pp. 1-49). -- Pisa, Tipografia Nistri, #2 Appelius, F. L. (1869): Das Vorkommen von Lithodomus aristatus Dll. in den Schalen von Meleagrina margaritifera Lam.. -- Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, Band 1: Seite 19, #3 Appelius, F. L. (1870): Catalogo delle conchiglie fossili del Livornese desunto dalle collezioni e manoscritti del defunto G. B. Caterini. -- Bulletino Malacologico Italiano, Pisa, vol. 3, pp. 177-297, #4 Appelius, F. L. (1870): Das fossile Vorkommen von Melanopsis Dufourei Fér. in Toscana. -- Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, Band 2, Seiten 44-46. [Turricula (Costellaria) appelii Jickeli 1874, Jahrb. Deut. Malakozool. Ges., 1: 39, T. 2, F. 5 (nomen novum per Turr. (Cost.) pharaonis H. Adams, 1872 (non Mitra pharaonis Issel, 1869)] . (Dr. Hans Turner, Casa La Conchiglia, Rovia, Switzerland, kindly provided all this information).

Jacob Johan Adolf Appellöf, (2 Nov. Garda, Gotland) 1857-1921 (5 Jan.), marine zoologist working in Uppsala (where he achieved his PhD in 1886) & Bergen; succeded Nansen (see G.O. Sars) in 1889 as zoology curator at the Bergen Museum and together with Hjort, Gran and Helland-Hansen, he, in 1902 initiated annual international marine science courses at the Bergen Museum, which were discontinued in 1914. In 1907 he became professor at the museum and leaving Bergen in 1911 after having been appointed professor in comparative anatomy in Uppsala in 1910. He founded - during his time as professor in Uppsala - Klubbans Biological Station in Fiskebäckskil, W Sweden. [Halobiotus appelloefi (Richters, 1908), Laonice appelloefi Söderström, 1920, Corymorpha appelloefi Bonnevie, 1901, Chthamalus appelloefi Nilsson-Cantell, 1921, Sepia appelloefi Wülker, 1910, Onykia appeloefi (Pfeffer, 1900)].

Dr. Ralph G. Appy , 19??-, Director of Environmental Management, Port of Los Angles, Palos Verdes, California, is honoured in the flatworm name Lepidophyllum appyi Bray & Gibson, 1986.

Carl Heinrich Apstein, (Stettin) 1862-1950, German marine and limnic plankton researcher in Kiel [Tomopteris apsteini Rosa, 1908, Amphogona apsteini (Vanhöffen, 1902)].

Andrea Aradas, 1810-82, Italian naturalist and malacologist from Catania [Pectunculus aradasii Testa, 1842, Murexsul aradasii Monterosato in Poirier, 1883].

Lacking information about Arafur in the decapod name Pontocaris arafurae (Bruce, 1988).

Jacques Etienne Victor Arago, (6 Mar.) 1790-1855 (27 Nov.), French author (of e.g. vaudevilles), theater director and naturalist, who collected during de Freycinet's (see Gaudichaud-Beaupré) circumnavigation between 1817-20 with l"Uranie" and la "Physicienne". He became blind in 1837, but kept writing and travellelling and died eventually in Brazil. Should not be confused with his brothers, the more well-known mathematician, physicist, astonomer and statesman Dominique Francois Jean Arago, (26 Feb. - Estagel, close to Perpignan) 1786-1853 (2 Oct.), and Etienne Vincente Arago, 1802-47, radical politician and writer for the theater who i.a. collaborated with Honoré de Balzac. (A 4:th brother, Jean Arago, 1788 - 1836, emigrated to North America and became a general in the Mexican army). The brothers were very radical. Francois was such a brilliant scientist, so he dared to be an outspoken republican and atheist during the days of Napoleon, because the emperor esteemed him.

Lacking information about Aragon in the gastropod name Turbonilla aragoni Dall & Bartsch, 1909.

Dr. Mary Needler Arai, (18 Sep.) 1932-, from Canada (together with Dr. Anita Brinkmann-Voss) erected in 1980 the genus, in which Foersteria araiae Gili, Bouillon, Pagès, Palanques & Puig, 1999 later was placed. Dr. Arai has published mainly on medusae. See also her grandparents Edith & Cyril Berkeley. Dr. Needler Arai was married to Prof. Hisao Philip Arai, (8 Oct. - Los Angeles) 1926-2004 (21 Aug.), after whom Sphaerospyra araii Arthur & Lom, 1985 (Myxosporea: Sphaerosporidae) and Podoctyle araii Gibson, 1986 (Digenea: Opecoelidae) are named. [Dr Needler Arai, kindly provided much of this information].

Lacking information about Arakawa in the cephalopod name Octopus arakawai Iw. Taki, 1964.

Lacking information about Araneta in the scleractinian name Porites aranetai Nemenzo, 1955.

Arango y Molina : (see Molina).

Is Arc in the gastropod name Eubranchus arci Ortea, 1981 a person's name?

Lacking information about Archer in the protoctist name Diplophrys archeri Barker, 1868, but it may possibly be a tribute to the shell collector Francis (Frank) Archer jr., 1839-92, at the Univ. of Birmingham or his father Francis Archer sr., 1803-75, who also was a malacologist or to Samuel Archer, 1836-1902, who collected shells in Singapore and was related to (probably a brother of) Frank. Still another British scientist Walther E. Archer, 18??-19??, was president of ICES between 1908-12.

The diatom name Navicula archibaldiana Foged, 1975 is likely a tribute to some of the algae workers C.G.M. Archibald, Patricia A. Archibald, 1934-, and R.E.M. Archibald, 1940-,.

The Bryozooan genus Archimedes Lesueur, 1842 is of course named for the Greek (Syracusan) scientist Archimedes, 287 b.C.-212 b.C., (because of the animal's corkskrew support). The calanoid name Paraugaptilus archimedi Gaudy, 1972 may possibly honour another person?

The French phycologist Françoise Ardré, 1931-, is honoured in the red algal name Pterosiphonia ardreana Maggs & Hommersand, 1993.

Dr. Johan(nes) (John) Erhard Areschoug, (16 Sep. - Göteborg) 1811-87 (7 May - Stockholm), Swedish phycologist; professor of botany in Uppsala between 1858-76 [Myriactula areschougii (Crouan frat., 1867) Hamel, 1931-39, Ceramium areschougii Kylin].

Roberto Argano, 19??-, zoology professor at the Univ. of Rome "La Sapienza", is honoured in the copepod name Cylinula arganoi (Cottarelli & Venanzetti, 1989). He has published on terrestrial isopods and limnic Italian fauna. (Riccardo Giannuzzi-Savelli kindly provided the university information).

Antoine Joseph Dézallier d'Argenville, (1 July - Paris) 1680-1765 (29 Nov.), French naturalist and art historian, who published a Histoire naturelle.

Lacking information about Arguin in the cumacean name Procampyylaspis arguini Bacescu & Muradian, 1972, possibly not an eponym, but perhaps from Banc d'Arguin in Mauretania?

Lacking information about Ari in the amphipod name Rhachotropis arii Thurston, 1980.

Dr. Ishitaro Arimoto, (30 Apr.) 1900-1985 (30 Jan.), worked on Japanese caprellidean amphipods, publishing a monograph on them in 1976, and first found Caprella arimotoi Takeuchi, 1993. Arimoto published until 1982. (The dates above may possibly relate to a namesake?)

Aristoteles, son of Nikomachos sr., (Stageira, Kalkidike) 384-322 b.C. (7 Mar. - Kalkis, Euboia (his mother's home on this island) - after problems with his stomach), very well known Macedonian philosopher and naturalist. His father was a court physician in Macedonia of king Amyntas IV, but died when Aristoteles was only 10 and his mother Phaestis had died earlier (likely from miscarriage), when he was young, so after this he was raised by a brother-in-law (or possibly a friend of the family) Proxenos of Atarneos, who later sent Aristoteles (age 17) to become a disciple of Platon for several years (but as he was a very gifted disciple, he soon had to help teaching students at the Akademia). He left Athens after Platon's death in 347 b.C. for biological studies at the island Assos. There he became a close friend of Tyrtamos from Eressos in Lesbos, 370-ca 285 b.C., who had left the Akademia together with Aristoteles, and to whom Aristoteles gave the nickname Theophrastos, because of the grace of his conversation. Aristoteles married the around 12 years younger Pythias, the niece and adopted daughter of the ruler of the island, Hermias - himself being of around the same age as Aristoteles, who took care of his guest very friendly. The marriage resulted in a daughter (born around 344 b.C.), bearing the same name as her mother. When the Persians attacked and killed Hermias in Susa 340 b.C., he had to leave. He stopped at the island Lesbos for a year, continuing his biological studies. In 343 he returned to Macedonia and became teacher of prince Alexandros of Macedonia, son of Philippos II (Amyntas' youngest son), because Philippos and Aristoteles had been friends when they were children. The young Alexandros took over (as Alexandros III - named the Great, because he had taken part in and learned much from his father's war policy and army organization - which had been learned by Philippos from the Thebian army structure; through Philippos' smartness to wait until a proper moment for victorious battles was there and his army's own weapon developments like the sarissa, a 5.3-7 m long spear, altogether led to Philippos being - and after him Alexandros - Hegemon (leader) of the alliance of all Hellenic city states except Sparta, after that he and his son Alexandros had defeated the alliance initiated by the Athenian statesman and orator Demosthenes, 384-322 b.C., of the cities Akaia, Athens, Euboia, Phokis, Korinthos , Megara and Thebe - the last city beside Athens a democratic city state) after his father had been murdered in August 336 b.C. (by the Thracian army leader Pausanias). Aristoteles, who recently had become a widower, was sent to Athens in 335 b.C., founding the Lykaion, a school open to "all" and thus rivalling the Akademia founded by Platon, after the death of Platon (427-347 b.C.) headed by his nephew Speusippos Eurymedonides (who developed quite different opinions than Aristoteles about much), and after Speusippos (born ca 408 b.C) death in 338 (339?) b.C., headed by Xenokrates (396-314 b.C.) from Kalkedon (who had left the Akademia simultaneously with Aristoteles when Speusippos became head). Aristoteles never remarried, but after becoming a widower, he had met Herpyllis from his home town Stageira and had a lasting relationship with her, together getting the son Nikomachos jr. (but he also had the older adopted son Nikanor and several slaves in his family). After the death of his friend and former pupil Alexandros III in 323 b.C., when the orator Demosthenes in Athens had started a rebel movement against Macedonia, he found it safest to leave the city and went to his late mother's house in Kalkis. As a naturalist he is best known as the author of "Historia Animalium" in 9 short "books" translated to English by D'Arcy W. Thompson (q.v.). The dating of these books are unsure, but likely at least marine parts of the text were written during his visit to Lesbos in 343 b.C., because the marine animals from the books are species found in this area even today. According to his ethical sense, luck is to have opportunity to do sensible things (which for him was science). He emphasized the virtues to strive for and thought that the "golden middle course" (comprimise) was the best way to go between vices, like generosity is the best way between tight-fistedness or extravagantness and courage is better than cowardliness or foolhardyness. The word "eideos" (idea, shape) was taken over from Platon, but had somewhat different meaning for the two philosophers, meaning that eideos for Platon was an existing (more or less material) idea about something perfect, which, however, usually degraded when being copied, while Aristoteles thougt of eideos as a potentiality for something, but vanishing when organisms die and only materia is left in the dead body. Aristoteles, however, admired Platon during all his life. His classification of knowledge into physics, metaphysics, logic and ethics has been followed ever since, so his influence as a scientist must be greater than that of anybody else. His natural studies were empirical, but with teleological interpretations, i.e. he thought that everything in nature had a goal. Much of his education happened walking to and fro with his students under a roof in Lykeion and this peripatetic (wandering when teaching - named after the covered walkways - peripatoi) tradition was taken over by Aristoeles´successor Theophrastos, who died at an age of 85 (honoured with a public funeral) and is known i.a. for his remark "we die just when we are beginning to live". While Aristoteles is most known in biology for zoological thoughts, Theophrastos worked much on herbs, especially such, which were brougth home from Asia with Alexandros' army and is known for his initial systematization of the botanical word and has even been named the "father of taxonomy". He is also known to be the first known person to have sent "message in a bottle" (to show that the Mediterranean was formed by inflowing Atlantic water) around 310 b.C. Several followers of Theophrastos also belonged to the peripatetic "school".

Lacking information about Arkat in the echiuroid name Ochetostoma arkati (Prashad, 1935).

Armand : (see Quatrefages).

John Armitage, (16 Sep. - Oldham, Lancashire) 1900-96 (5 Aug. - Leeds), British malacologist.

Dr. Howard Wayne Armstrong, 1942-, achieved his PhD in 1974 at the Texas A & M Univ. on a thesis on the helminth parasites of the family Macrouridae from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea [Tellervotrema armstrongi Gibson & Bray, 1982].

Dr Patrick Arnaud, 1939-, malacologist in Station Marine d'Endoume, Marseille, is honoured in the pantopod names Anoplodactylus arnaudae Stock, 1978, Parapallene arnaudae Stock, 1991, the scaphopod name Polyschides arnaudi Scarabino, 1995 and the tanaid name Collettea arnaudi (Shiino, 1978). (Dr. Métivier at MNHN, Paris, kindly provided much of this information).

Professor Dr. Walther Arndt, (8 Jan. - Landeshut, Schlesien) 1891-1944 (26 June - Brandenbourg), German naturalist, studied medicine and natural history at the Univ. of Breslau under famous professors as Kükenthal and Doflein. In the First World War he was army doctor and became imprisoned in Siberia. After the war he took up his studies again and promoted to doctor on a thesis of freshwater planarians. In 1921 he followed Kükenthal to the Humboldt Museum at Berlin, where he was charged with curation of Sponges, Worms, Bryozoa and Echinoderms. In 1931 he got the titel Professor. He specialized on sponges and wrote i.a. Curaçao Sponges (1927) and the part dealing with sponges in "Die Tierwelt der Nord- und Ostsee". During his life he published 230 articles and books, mostly on sponges. He was considered an anti-fascist and had made some anti-nazi statements. Because of this he was arrested by the Gestapo on a charge of "high treason" and a death sentence arrived 11/5 1944 and he was later executed by the nazi regime. His family was presented a 100 Mark invoice for costs connected with his decapitation [Waltherarndtia De Laubenfels, 1936, Hymedesmia arndti, Plocamiancora arndti Alander, 1942,Astylinifer arndti De Laubenfels, 1930, Arndtanchora De Laubenfels, 1936, Cliona arndti De Laubenfels, 1936, Mycale arndti Van Soest, 1984 ]. (Dr. Rob van Soest kindly provided much of this information; a photograph is found here).

Dr. Emily Arnesen, (14 June - Christiania (Oslo)) 1867-1928 (13 Aug. - Oslo), curator at the Zoological Museum, Oslo, published on sponges, e.g. from the Atlantic "Michael Sars" expedition. Although she was based in Kristiania (now Oslo) , most of her material originated and is housed in the Bergen Museum. She was the second Norwegian woman, who made a doctoral dissertation (at the Univ. of Zürich under Arnold Lang in 1903), three years before her colleague Kristine Bonnevie (q.v.) became a Dr.. She lived unmarried and suffered from weak health during her last years. [Anchinoe arneseni Topsent,1913 (synonym of Phorbas perarmatus (Bowerbank,1866)), Gellius arnesenae Arndt,1927 (synonym of Hemigellius pumiceus (Fristedt, 1885))].

The polyplacophoran name Tonicia forbesii arnheimi W. H. Dall, 1903, is likely a tribute to Julius S. Arnheim, 18??-1???, US malacologist.

The nudibranch Nembrotha arnoldi R. Burn, 1957 was named for "the late Rev. John K. Arnold - a very good friend and capable teacher, who showed me how and where in conchological collecting". John Kissack Arnold, 1895-1955, had been a Methodist missionary in Papua, later in India, but lived still later in Australia.

Dr. Ralph Arnold, (14 Apr. - Marshalltown, Iowa) 1875-1961 (Santa Barbara), US palaeontologist, is honoured in the gastropod names Raphitoma arnoldi Pallary, 1904, Solariorbis arnoldi Bartsch, 1927, Epitonium arnoldi Dall, 1917 and Cerithiopsis arnoldi Bartsch, 1911. Diodora arnoldi J. McLean, 1966 is honouring the same person, who wrongly attached the name D. murina to this species in 1903. His father Delos Arnold, 1831-1909 (31 Aug. - California), was also a malacologist.

Lacking information about Arnold in the scaphopod name Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998.

The gastropod name Turbonilla arnoldoi de Jong & Coomans, 1988 is in honour of frater Arnoldo Broeders, 1906-1981, botanist and shell collector of the Netherlands Antilles and Epitonium arnoldoi Tursch & Pierret, 1964 may possibly honour the same person.

Prof. George Arnott Walker-Arnott, (6 Feb.) 1799-1868 (17 June), British botanist at Glasgow Univ., essential within phycology.

The Beaked Whale Berardius arnuxii Duvernoy, 1851 is (despite the spelling) honouring the ships surgeon Louis Arnoux, (15 Apr. - Grenoble) 1814-1867 (3 Feb. - Saint-Rémy, Bouches-du-Rhône), on the corvette "Le Rhin", which for a few years had been in the Australian - New Zealand area and in 1846 went home to Europe under command of captain Auguste Bérard, 1???-18??, who had visited this area alredy in 1822-25 on La Coqille under Duperry. Arnoux had found a skull of this whale on a beach close to Akaroa, New Zealand which he took to Paris.

The octocoral genus name Arntzia Lopéz-González, Gill & Orejas, 2002 may likely be a tribute to Prof. Wolf Arntz, (10 Dec. - Boulogne sur Seine (Paris)) 1942-, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research.

Dr. William Irwin Aron, 1930-, obtained his PhD in 1960 in fisheries at the University of Washington (Seattle), with a dissertation on the distribution of macrozooplankton with respect to hydrography in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. After a long stint at the Smithsonian Institution's oceanographic department, Aron joined the National Marine Fisheries Service as head of the Office of Marine Mammals. In about 1980, he became Director of NMFS's Northwest Fisheries Science Center (Seattle). He retired about 1998 and lives in the Seattle suburbs [Ecsenius aroni Springer, 1971]. (Dr. D. Damkaer kindly provided this information).

Petrus (Peter) Artedi, (10 Mar. - Anundsjö, Ångermanland) 1705-35 (28 Sep. - Amsterdam), a son of a clergyman from Anundsjö named Olaus Arctaedius, in the northern part of Sweden. Peter had began his studies of particularly fishes in Uppsala (where he in 1729 changed his name from Arctaedius to Arctædi, a name still later simplified to Artedi), when Linnaeus (q.v.) arrived there. They became very good friends, but Artedi left Uppsala in 1834 for London, where he kept studying zoology and i.a. met Sir Hans Sloane (q,v,). After a year he left for Amsterdam, where he got possibility to study a large private fish collection owned by Albertus Seba (q.v.). However, the same autumn he fell into one of the channels and drowned. His friend Linnaeus finished his left fish monograph manuscript and published it. Artedi had arranged his fishes in genera, the genera in "maniples, the "maniples" in orders and the orders in a class, a tradition, which Linnaeus more or less took over. [Artediellus Jordan, 1887, Coregonus artedi Lesueur, 1818, Artedidraco Lönnberg, 1905, Artedius Girard, 1856, Artedielloides Soldatov, 1922]. (Much more)

Lacking information about Arteo in the gastropod name Doto arteoi Ortea, 1978 (or should it be considered an anagram of Ortea?).

Arthur in the harpacticoid name Scutellidium arthuri Poppe, 1884 : (see Krause).

The cowry name Palmadusta artuffeli (Jousseaume, 1876) was named in honour of M. Artuffel, 1???-1???, Marseilles collector of Mediterranean shells.

Lacking information about Arveleo in the nudibranch name Flabellina arveleoi ?, 200?, from Cape Verdes.

Ivar Arwidsson, 1873-1936, zoologist in Uppsala, participated in an expedition to Greenland 1899; was employed as a fishery assistant between 1905-21, after that he became a curator at the Zoologiska Muséet in Uppsala, but his most essential work involved polychaetes. He was also during a few years amanuensis at Kristineberg Marine Station. His doctoral thesis about maldanids 1907 is classical [Nicomache arwidssoni Blake, 1985].

Lacking information about Asaeda in the gastropod name Drillia asaedai (Hertlein & Strong, 1951), but likely a tribute to the artist, Mr. Toshio Asaeda, 1893-1968, Department of Exhibits, California Academy of Sciences, who made beautiful water colour paintings of Pacific fish species, especially from the Galapagos Islands during the Templeton Crocker expedition in 1932.

Lacking information about Asano , 1910-, in the coral name Madracis asanoi Yabe & Sugiyama 1936. Possibly a tribute to the micropaleontologist Prof. Kiyosho Asano, 1910-, who mainly published on Foraminifera?

Asbjørnsen : (see M. Sars).

Peter (or Peder) Ascanius, (24 May - Aure) 1723-1803 (4 June - Copenhagen), from Nordmøre, Norway, zoologist and mineralogologist, Prof. of Natural History, is honouring his contemporate compatriot Christopher Blix Hammer, (26 Aug. - Gran, Hadeland) 1720-1804 (3 Jun. - Gran), "Generalkonduktør" in Akershus diocese, author and official, who was the first to find Chirona hameri (Ascanius,1767); donated his extensive collections and his fortune to "Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab" (Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences), Trondheim and was one of the pioneers arguing in direction of a Norwegian university. In 1768-70 he travelled along the W Norwegian coast and collected marine fauna for his 5 volume work "Icones rerum naturalium ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelles du Nord". Hammer is known as the father of aquavit in Norway, was unmarried, but is thought to have had a son, Christopher, outside marriage. [Chirolophis ascanii (Walbaum, 1792)].

The ostracod name Acanthocythereis ascolii (Puri, 1963) must honour Dr. Piero Ascoli, 19??-, micropalaeontologist, who published from 1956 onward mainly on investigations of fossil Foraminifera and Ostracoda. In the sixties he worked in Milano, Italy, at AGIP-Mineraria and since 1971 at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO) in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. There he was mainly active with micropalaeontological research in connection with hydrocarbon exploration in the Canadian Atlantic shelf. He has been honoured by the naming of the Ostracoda Cytherella ascolii Guernet, 1988, Cytheropteron ascolii Carbonnel, 1969 and Acanthocythereis ascolii (Puri, 1963) Bonaduce et al. 1976 [= Trachyleberis ascolii (Puri, 1963) Puri, 1963 = Cythereis ascolii Puri, 1963 = nomen novum pro Cythereis ornata Mueller, 1894 non Cythereis ornata (Bosquet, 1847) Bosquet, 1860)]. In 2001 he was considered a scientist emeritus. (Prof. Eugen K. Kempf, Köln, Germany, kindly provided all this information).

Onithochiton ashbyi Bednall was named for Edwin Ashby (2 Nov. - Surrey, England) 1861-1941 (8 Jan. - Adelaide, Australia), South Australia, Australian naturalist, who was a world authority in polyplacophorans and also published on Australian ornithology and plants. His property Wittunga is now a botanical garden. {Picture / courtesy of R. Giannuzzi-Savelli}.

Lacking information about Ashina in the triclade name Procerodella ashinai (Kato, 1943).

Samuel Ashmed, 1???-1864, Philadelphia algologist.

Rev. Edward Houghton Ashmun, (12 Mar. - Tallmadge, Summit Co., Ohio) 1853-1904 (21 Dec. - San Raphael, Caifornia), US malacologist.

James Hatley Ashworth, (2 May - Accrington, Lancashire) 1874-1936 (4 Feb. - Edinburgh), professor of Zoology between 1919-27 and in Natural History between 1927-36 in Edinburgh. Octocoral researcher.

Timothy Michael Askew, 19??-, in the gastropod name Kaiparapelta askewi McLean & Harasewych, 1995 is a researcher at the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute in Ft. Pierce, Florida, and has co-authored some papers with Dr. M. G. Harasewych. (Andrew Vik, Tampa, Florida, kindly provided this information).

The cowry name Cribrarula cumingii astaryi (Schilder, 1971) is in honour of Dr. J.C. Astary, 19??-, Vannes, France.

Lacking information about Astor in the Galapagos slipper lobster name Scyllarides astori Holthuis, 1960, but likely a tribute to the businessman and philantropist William Vincent Astor, (15 Nov. - New York City) 1891-1959 (3 Feb.), who in 1930 made an expedition to the Galapagos (together with i.a. C.H. Townsend (qv.)) in his speedy yacht Nourmahai.

Lacking information about Athalye in the Indian actinian name Edwardsia athalyei England K.W., 1990, but likely Dr. R.P. Athalye, 19??-, Reader of Zoology, who has published on meiofauna of mudflats in central western India, is the honoured person.

The diatom name Navicula athenae Witkowski, Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin, 2000 is dedicated to the author's colleague Dr. Athena Economou-Amilli, 1947-, Univ. of Athens, Greece.

Lacking information about Athleen in the gastropod name Anticlimax athleenae Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946, but likely a tribute to Mrs. (P.O.) Athleen V. Underwood, 1???-, who may have found it in Boca Ciega Bay, where she seems to have dredged together with Charles R. Locklin of Saint Petersburg, Florida.

Daphne Atkins, 1896-1961, described in 1933 Rhopalura granosa in J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K and worked on Pinnotheres (e.g. on fungi infecting thir gills), bivalve gills and Cyphonautes larvae [Atkinsiella, Loxosomella atkinsae Bobin & Prenant, 1953]. She should not be intermixed with William Ringrose Gelstone Atkins, (4 Sep.) 1884-1959 (4 Apr.), who was a seawater chemist and underwater illumination researcher.

Richard N. Atkinson, 18??-1915, Australian collector of polyplacophorans [Ischnochiton atkinsoni Iredale & May, 1916, Anachis atkinsoni (Tenison-Woods, 1875), Sinezona atkinsoni (Tenison-Woods, 1877)].

Count Carl Attems-Petzenstein, (13 Oct. - Graz) 1868-1952 (19 Apr. - Wien (on his way to the museum)), myriopodologist working in Wien (Vienna), who also in 1897 published "Beitrag zur Kenntnis der rhabdocoelen Turbellarien Helgolands" [Gyratricella attemsi (von Graff, 1913), Dendrobaena attemsi (Michaelsen,1902)].

Anthony D'Attilio, 1909-97, artist, scientific illustrator and malacologist at San Diego Mus. Nat. Hist., born in Garganico, deceased in San Diego [Attiliosa Emerson, 1968, Eulimostraca attilioi, Dermomurex antonius Vokes, 1974].

The Cuban naturalist Pedro Alejandro Auber, (Le Havre, France) 1786-1843 (Havana), is honoured in the foraminiferan name Quinqueloculina auberiana d'Orbigny, 1839, in the gastropod names Alvania auberiana (d'Orbigny, 1842) & Cylichna auberi (d'Orbigny, 1853) and in the bivalve name Anomalocardia auberiana (d'Orbigny, 1842).

Lacking information about Aubert in the gastropod name Pilsbryspira (Nymphispira) auberti (Lamy, 1934), but likely a tribute to the French geologist Edgar Aubert de la Rue, 1901-1991, who collected at the island Kerguelen in 1928 and in 1930-31.

Terebra elialae Aubry, 1994 is named after the author's daughters Eli(sa) and Ale(ssandra). Cypraea aubryana F. P. Jousseaume, 1869 is evidently named for another person. Who?

Jean-Victor Audouin, (27 Apr. - Paris) 1797-1841 (9 Nov. - Paris), French naturalist, born in Paris, where he studied medicine, natural history and farmacy; disciple of Cuvier, himself a teacher of i.a. Charles Èmile Blanchard, (7 May) 1819-1900 (11 Feb.), who mainly worked on insects, but also worms and fresh water fishes [Anoplostoma blanchardi de Man, 1888, Jaculina blanchardi Jullien, 1903, Lusitanops blanchardi Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896, Hero blanchardi Vayssière, 1888, Sthenelais blanchardi Kinberg, 1858, Xyrichthys blanchardi (Cadenat & Marchal, 1963), Neoclinus blanchardi Girard, 1858]. His son Raphael Antoine Émile Blanchard, 1857-1919, became a parasitologist and was mainly interested in leeches and parasitical worms [Typhlamphiascus blanchardi (T. & A. Scott, 1895)]. Audouin was appointed assistant at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris in 1825 and in 1833 he succeded Latreille and preceeded his friend and coauthor H. Milne-Edwards as professor of entomology at the Paris Museum. Audouin also published a work on the natural history of French coastal waters "Recherches pour servir à l'histoire naturelle du littoral de la France". See Brongniart regarding Audouin's wife Mathilde [Audouinia, Perrierella audouiniana (Bate, 1857), Audouinella Bory, 1823, Emetha audouini (H. Milne Edwards, 1840), Cyclograpsus audouinii ].

Audubon : (see von Wright and S.F. Baird).

Max Auerbach, (25 Jan.) 1879-1968 (21 Nov.), German-Jewish protistologist, who published a monograph on Cnidosporidia in 1910. He also worked on limnic plankton during the 1920s and -30s (he worked in Karlsruhe between 1928-36) and Dr. David Damkaer, who provided part of this information thinks that the German Freshwater Research Lab is named for him [Ceratomyxa auerbachi Kabata, 1962, Auerbachia Meglitsch, 1968]. The ciliate name Licnophora auerbachi (Cohn, 1866) must of course honour another person - possibly the coleopterologist and physician Leopold Auerbach, (27 Apr. - Breslau) 1828-97 (30 Sep.).?

Hermann Augener, (2 Oct. - Hamburg) 1872-1938 (5 Apr.), German polychaetologist , studied in Göttingen for Ehlers (and partly in München) and took his degree in 1902, assisted Ehlers until 1911, when he returned to Hamburg, volunteering in the museum there. His father had been a wealthy merchant and Hermann inherited him, but in 1929 his fortune was gone and he ended up on a pittance from the local government, but no real job. His health and family life was also a bit unfortunate. His eyesight was bad after removal of one lens. After 1930 he also got hearing problems and ended up being completely deaf [Augeneria Monro, 1930, Lygdamis augeneri Kirtley, 1994, Lycastopsis augeneri Okuda, 1937, Hydroides augeneri Zibrowius, 1973].

Lacking information about Duke August in the Macaronesian moray name Muraena augusti (Kaup, 1856).

The amphipod species Cymadusa aungtonyae Peart, 2002 was named for Dr. Charatsee Aungtonya, 19??-, Phuket Biological Staion, who helped to organize workshop, where the species was found. (Prof. Wim Vader, Tromsø, kindly provided this information).

Dr. Carl Wilhelm Samuel Aurivillius, (31 Aug. - Forsa socken) 1854-99 (died during the return from a research trip to India), PhD in 1883, Swedish zoologist; interested in systematics of crustaceans and plankton studies (according to Jägerskiöld was science probably Carl's only interest; he was called "the learned magister" by friends and thought of as "as dry as genuine" but among friends he showed a "heavy and fundamental humour" and was "not married indeed" - thus a kind of eccentric) [Epizoanthus erdmanni var. aurivillii Carlgren, 1913, Reticulina aurivilli Cleve, 1901, Oxynaspis aurivillii Stebbing, 1900, Aurivillialepas Newman, 1980, Alvania aurivilli (Dall, 1887), Amigdoscalpellum aurivillii (Pilsbry)]. His brother, professor Per Olof Christopher Aurivillius, (15 Jan. - Forsa) 1853-1928 (20 July - Mörby), was an entomologist, specialized in butterflies and for a long period secretary general of the Swedish Academy of Science. Christopher's son Sven Magnus Aurivillius, (12 Aug. - Stockholm) 1892-1928 (4 Mar. - Mörby), had become director of the Kristineberg Marine Zoological Station in 1923 just after his final university examination (fil. lic.), when he suddenly died, shortly before he had planned to defend his doctoral thesis on Japanese gorgonarians (which was printed posthumously), as representing the 8:th generation of Aurivilli doctors at the University of Uppsala [Rhizocrinus magnus Gislén,1947 (partly because of the size of the species, partly in commemoration of Gisléns friend M. Aurivillius)].

Mr. Jack Austin, 19??-, first brought specimens of Dentalium austini Lamprell & Healey, 1998 to the authors [Spisula austini Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990]. A namesake, Dr. Bill Austin, British Columbia, is interested in ophiuroids.

The bivalve name Nuculana austini (I.S. Oldroyd, 1935) was named for Mr. Austin Barker, 1???-19??, "my assistant of the summer of 1934".

Lacking information about Austin in the gastropod name Conus austini Rehder & Abbott, 1951, but possibly honouring Austin K. Clark (q.v.)?

Eosipho auzendei Warén & Bouchet, 2001 was named for Dr. Jean-Marie Auzende, 19??-, leader of NAUDUR expedition. Now at IFREMER, Nouméa, New Caledonia [Halacarellus auzendei (Bartsch, 1990)].

William D. Averell, 1853-1928, US malacologist..

Lacking information about P.R. Awati, 18??-19??, in the gastropod name Bursa awatii Ray, 1949.

S.V. Awerinzev, 1???-19??, Russian protistologist in St. Petersburrg, is honoured in the Myxozoan name Ceratomyxa awerinzewi Reichenow, 1929 He is the author of the plathelminth Micropharynx murmanica Awerinzew, 1925.

Peter Ax, (29 Mar. - Hamburg) 1927-, professor of zoology in Göttingen, specialist on platyhelminthes [Arhynchonemertes axi Riser, 1988, Axiutelga Karling, 1980, Axia Luther, 1955, Axiola Luther, 1957, Antroposthia axi Faubel, 1974, Coelogynopora axi Sopott, 1972, Lonchoplanella axi Ehlers, 1974, Cystiplex axi Karling, 1964, Paracrorhynchus axi Karling, 1956, Psammocamptus axi Mielke, 1975, Trilobodrilus axi Westheide, 1967, Heterolepidoderma axi Mock, 1979, Encentrum axi Tschaschel, 1979, Chromadora axi Gerlach, 1951, Gnathostomula axi Kirsteuer, 1964, Macrostomum peteraxi Mack-Fira, 1971, Ceratopera axi (Riedl, 1954), Pseudovermis axi Marcus & Marcus, 1955, Cletocamptus axi Mielke, 2000]. His wife Renate Ax is honoured in Parotoplana renatae Ax, 1956.

Lacking information about Axel in the amphipod name Pardaliscella axelii Stebbing, 1906.

Lacking information about Axel in the isopod name Astacilla axeli Castello, 1997.

Lacking information about which Prince Axel is honoured in the amphipod genus Princaxelia Dahl, 1959, but probably one in the royal Danish family, as the genus name is published in the Galathea Report...

Dr. Herbert Richard Axelrod, (7 June - Bayonne, New Jersey) 1927-, US ichthyologist and publisher of a Russian-Jewish family [Ecsenius axelrodi Spinger, 1988, Pseudogramma axelrodi Allen & Robertson, 1995, Conus axelrodi Walls, 1978]. The fresh water fish Paracheirodon axelrodi, very well known as the "cardinal tetra" by aquarium enthusiasts is also named for Axelrod.

Prof. Walter Mikael Axelson Linnaniemi, (25 Oct.) 1876-1953, from Finland (born in Joensuu), published on apterygots, especially collembols. He became professor in May 1921 [Axelsonia Börner, 1906].

Lacking information about Aylen in the scleractinian name Physophyllia ayleni (Wells, 1934).

William Orville Ayres, (11 Sep. - Connecticut) 1817-87 (30 Apr.), US ichthyologist and physician, studying medicina at Yale, becoming a friend of Audubon (q.v.), in 1854 moving to San Francisco, but 10 yaers later returning eastwards leaving ichthyology after ruthless criticism from his younger colleague Gill (q.v.).

Lacking information about Azam in the gastropod name Murexsul azami T. Kuroda, 1929.

Lacking information about Maurice Azéma, 18??-19??, in the tunicate name Polyclinella azemai Harant, 1930.

Azine : (see Spalding).

Lacking information about Azman in the gastropod name Thordisa azmani Cervera & Garcia-Gomez, 1989.

Dr. Masao Azuma, 1916-(named "the late" in 2002), Japanese malacologist from Nishinomiya [Dentiovula masaoi Cate, 1973, Azumamorula W.K. Emerson, 1968]. Aperiovula takae Cate, 1973 is named for (the late) Mrs. Taka Azuma, his wife and Dentiovula eizoi Cate & Azuma, 1973 is named for Eizo Azuma, who collected specimens.

Last modified: . Hans.G.Hansson@tmbl.gu.se